Nutrition Articles

Types of Diabetes

The Similarities & Differences of the 3 Types of Diabetes

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How is it treated?
Since gestational diabetes can be problematic to your baby’s health and increase the risk of complications during delivery, treatment must begin right after diagnosis. This usually involves close monitoring and control of blood glucose levels by following a special eating plan (developed by your doctor and/or registered dietitian) and getting regular exercise. Some treatment plans may also include diabetes pills or insulin injections, if prescribed by your doctor.

If left unchecked, all forms of diabetes can cause serious health consequences. If you exhibit any of the symptoms of diabetes, or if you are at high-risk for developing it, talk to your doctor. It’s never too early to start a diabetes prevention program.
For more specific information or help, talk to your health care provider. The American Diabetes Association's National Call Center also offers live advice from 8:30 a.m. to 8 p.m. EST, Monday through Friday at 1-800-DIABETES or 1-800-342-2383.
This article has been reviewed and approved by Amy L. Poetker, MS, Registered Dietitian and Certified Diabetes Educator.
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About The Author

Liza Barnes Liza Barnes
Liza has two bachelor's degrees: one in health promotion and education and a second in nursing. A registered nurse and mother, regular exercise and cooking are top priorities for her. See all of Liza's articles.

Member Comments

  • BARBIE200524
    I went to doctor to day and I have Type 2 - 3/1/2016 7:43:51 PM
  • ANONDO2015
    Diabetes may show some symptoms. It may cause continuous pee after some minutes in a day It can lessen the eyesight. It can make us very sick. It increases the intensity of sugar level in blood . Some people become fat look. The victim people can not do hard labor. He feels very tired for little diligence. Sugar may hinder to carry the Oxygen in the body. Sometimes affected people feel fever. Once a disease caused , don't want to cure. For more information please visit our Diabetes Guide at http://diabetesgu

    - 4/24/2015 5:41:39 AM
  • ANONDO2015
    Diabetes has has become a very harmful disease the the developing countries as well as
    the developed countries. Its main reason is the habit of eating. If some eats more
    than his demand, he has to do work to use the obtained calories. Otherwise it will be
    turned into glucose, and will be stored as fat. Gradually Glucose production will be increased in the body and decrease the production of Insulin. As a
    result you will be a victim of Diabetes. Please visit the link to learn more: http://diabetesgu - 4/23/2015 1:57:59 AM
  • What about diabetes insipidus? - 3/15/2014 12:53:53 AM
  • Thank you! Finally, somewhere that makes a distinction between the types! I've had Type 1 since I was 3 years old, and have gotten so tired of people assuming that all types are the same. No, I can't be cured. No, losing weight will not make it "magically" disappear. And no, I didn't get it from eating too much sugar. I want to post this article all over the world right now! - 11/6/2013 1:40:58 PM
  • i am also having the type "LADA" , still without the need of any meds and hopefully will take many years for it.
    got also more autoimmune diseases like HASHIMOTO & CELIAC - 1/21/2013 7:57:05 PM
  • IVYMH82
    Only issue I have with this article is that there are 4 types of Diabetes. There is also Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA for short) and also known as diabetes type 1.5. It's the form I have and while it mirrors Type 1 diabetes, the onset takes longer to occur, generally happening over months to years, as opposed to weeks to months like with Type 1. Aside from that, excellent article. - 7/31/2012 11:49:19 AM
  • PF2FAR
    Very well written article, however, don't get the reason for the cup in the picture!!!!
    Only you can control your Diabetes, make the right decisions daily and it will not control you/ - 6/27/2012 8:47:14 PM
  • Does anyone else wonder-"Whats in the cup?" Informative article. - 6/27/2012 6:33:34 PM
  • 1954MARG
    People of South Asian ethnicity are also at increased risk of developing diabetes. If your father has diabetes the risk of developing diabetes yourself is much higher than if any other family member has the disease.
    Diabetes is a lifelong incurable progressive condition that can be well controlled by lifelong attention to diet plus exercise and/or medication as advised. The main complications of diabetes are caused by damage to both large and small blood vessels and nerve endings that are avoidable if treatment is followed rigorously, but cannot be reversed and can lead to disabling damage to eyes and organs and limbs.
    Very scary, so thank you very much for bringing this to everyone's attention. - 6/27/2012 2:53:45 PM
  • We discovered my daughter had type 1 diabetes at age 3 almost two years ago. Life changing. She takes 5 shots of insulin a day, and has to check her blood sugar before each meal and bed time, many nights I have to check her in the middle of the night. It's very important people know the signs of diabetes. Untreated it's not thtat they can go into kedosis, they will. When we made the discovery with my daughter she was very sick, had lost a lot of weight and could hardly stay awake. We spent the better part of a week in the hospital, many kids get a lot sicker. Thank you for sharing this important information. - 6/27/2012 8:03:44 AM
  • Thank you for your article. My son was also diagnosed at 14 with type one, through aa sports physical. He now wears a pump and is keeping his levels down through exercise and sensible eating. He still hates every minute of being the kid who has a wire going into his stomache comming out of his pocket but he knows it is his life line. - 6/27/2012 6:57:16 AM
  • There is another rare kind of diabetes - MODY - Mature Onset Diabetes in the Young. It is genetic and is generally diagnosed before age 25. - 6/27/2012 6:45:15 AM
  • Gestational diabetes is typically treated with insulin, not oral hypoglycemics, because pills can cross the placenta and affect the fetus. - 10/3/2011 5:23:41 AM
  • Even though my brother's death certificate probably lists the cause of death as kidney failure and congestive heart failure, we know that Jerry died from diabetes. Diabetes kills internal organs, and there is still no cure. He was diagnosed at age 14, after a physical to play high school sports. He lived 35 years with the disease, and had diabetic retinopathy, a 5-way heart bypass which resulted in a raging E-coli infection and had most of his sternum and a lot of muscle removed, then had to have a muscle grafted to cover his heart, a kidney transplant, bowel resection due to the scar tissue from all the surgeries after his heart surgery, and finally heart attacks and a pacemaker put in before he went into kidney failure again (15 years after the transplant...whic
    h was longer than the average transplant lasts) and the congestive heart failure. Be aware of who's at risk, and the symptoms of diabetes. Don't let your family go through the pain and heartache of watching a loved one battle this disease. - 12/10/2009 11:16:31 AM

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