Nutrition Articles

A Getting-Started Guide to CSAs

Eating Locally Just Got Easier

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If you're eager to join the movement toward eating healthy, locally and sustainably, but don't have the backyard square footage to establish your own vegetable garden, then joining a CSA could be the perfect way for you to enjoy fresh, seasonal produce at an affordable price.

A CSA, which stands for Community Supported Agriculture, matches small farms directly with customers who want fresh, seasonal food. According to LocalHarvest.org, an online community for CSA farmers and customers, this approach to eating locally has been growing in popularity over the past two decades—just as consumers have become increasingly interested in organic produce and minimally processed foods. A CSA takes what you eat, quite literally, from farm to table.

How CSAs Work
 
A small farm sells shares in its harvest to local customers. For a subscription fee that can vary depending on duration and quantity, a buyer can sign up to receive regular deliveries of fresh, seasonal produce. The farmer arranges a regular schedule where customers can pick up a package of newly harvested goods. Sometimes farmers even deliver packages—this typically coincides with a grower's participation in local farmers markets. How much food you get from a CSA can range from a family-sized box of veggies delivered weekly throughout the entire growing season, to smaller portions for one or two people, or shorter options that provide four weeks' worth of fall greens. Some CSAs involve only a subscription fee, while others invite (or require) buyers to contribute "sweat equity" in the form of a few hours of labor on the farm each season.

If you like the idea of getting more in touch with the people who grow the food you consume, here are some helpful tips to get you started.

Embrace the adventure.
Joining a CSA is a culinary adventure—one best started with the expectation that you and your family will be offered the chance to try new foods. Before you sign up, ask the grower to describe typical spring, summer and fall deliveries to gauge what you'll be receiving seasonally. "We have been exposed to a lot of things we otherwise probably never would buy at a grocery store," says Theresa Ryan, a Cincinnati graphic designer who is a member of a Kentucky-based CSA. "Okra, kohlrabi, Swiss chard, and lots of different squashes like acorn, butternut and spaghetti."

Explore new ingredients.
Many CSA farmers send out weekly emails or blog posts to inform customers about the contents of each new shipment. Some CSA farmers also share recipes for preparing the goodies. Los Angeles writer Alissa Walker raves about the inspiration provided by her CSA. "I really like the challenge of having specific produce to work with when preparing meals, and I love going online and finding new and unusual recipes," Walker says. "Just in the last few weeks I've made ratatouille, lasagna with kale and chard, mashed potatoes with dandelion greens, butternut squash soup, vegetable soup, orange sherbet, watermelon and feta salad, cantaloupe and proscuitto, corn and tomato salad. And the salads we eat every day for lunch have become more colorful and unusual."

Get the family involved.
If you have kids, enlist their help in researching and choosing a CSA farm. LocalHarvest.org is a terrific resource that lists farms located all over the country; simply type in your ZIP code to search for farms near you. When the growing season is in full swing, take a family trip to a local farm so the kids can learn about where their food comes from. If your weekly delivery list includes unfamiliar greens, have your children search for some recipes to try. Laurie Berberich of Oakland, CA, a commercial property manager and mother of two kids, ages 12 and 14, says her CSA membership has broadened her kids' culinary horizons. "Sometimes they aren't too excited to try some of the different things we get," she says, "but we have discovered some new favorites, like a leek and potato soup I found last year. They can't wait till the leeks start coming again!"

Do your research now.
Since many CSA operators also participate in farmers markets (which wind down in the fall), late summer or early fall is the perfect time to visit vendors and inquire about their programs. Growers typically solicit subscribers during the winter months so they can plan and purchase seed according to demand. And some farmers offer fall programs—a perfect time to sample what CSAs are all about.

Know your expectations.
A CSA membership won't relieve you of the need to hit the grocery produce aisle; you may still have to shop for items that aren't in season based on the region in which you live. Recognize that eating seasonally means you won't enjoy fresh tomatoes in May in colder climates. And know that part of belonging to a CSA means that you assume some of the farmer's risk. If the lettuce crop gets munched by rabbits in the spring, then poof! There goes your salad plan for the week. Take a look at this in-depth list of considerations you should keep in mind.

Consider cost.
CSA programs generally offer two plans: one that's sized for larger families and another suited for couples or singles. Expect to pay in the neighborhood of $20 to $25 per week, but you may have to pay for several weeks up front. "Our Summer CSA program runs for 22 weeks, spring through fall, usually beginning in late May and running through the early weeks of October," says Esmee Elliott, who with her husband Todd, runs Hazelfield Farm in Kentucky. "We offer two size shares for the Summer CSA: $770 for full shares and $440 for half shares. We also offer a fall CSA that runs for 5 weeks, mid-October through November, and costs $125 per share."

The CSA model is mutually beneficial.
CSA subscribers not only have a reliable source for fresh produce, but they also feel a deeper connection to the folks who are growing what they eat. Kids learn where food comes from, and families have the confidence of knowing that what goes on their plates came out of the ground just a day or two before. In turn, small farmers get a bit of financial security. The subscription fees they collect up front fund their planting and growing operations, and they know how many customers to plan for—hence the name, Community Supported Agriculture. The community aspect appeals to customers and farmers alike. "It's an added comfort, especially at the end of a dry two months with almost no rain at all, that our farmers aren't taking this hit alone," says Ryan. "We're helping each other, and I love that aspect of CSA subscriptions."

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Member Comments

  • ETHELMERZ
    Just go to any farmer's market yourself and pick out what your family actually eats. This idea sounds good, but really is not practical for the average person. Truth be told, we couldn't notice a big difference in taste at all from grocery store produce, and grocery store produce was cheaper. Farmer's market stuff used to be cheaper in the old days, but not in the past 10 years. Farmer's markets now are just another part of the billion dollar health push industry....makin
    g dough and charging more. Pay attention.
  • My Fiance and I have been part of a CSA for 3 summers now... it's right down the road from us and we've gotten very close with the farmer. We've been able to become vegetarian at a very low cost. There are many families that come to pickup day and it's such a treat seeing kids getting excited about things like pick your own peas and raspberries.

    In planning our future and where we'd like to buy a house, being close to the farm is definitely high on our list!

    When we told him we were getting married in October, he set aside a patch for us for pumpkins. All we had to do was buy the seeds and come by and weed a couple of times. He's done all the work for us.
  • Do your research before laying down any money. The price charged by the local farm/orchard here is double what you'd pay to buy the same quantity of produce from the local farmer's markets. If you're in it to save money, you're better off to trek to the markets and buy it piecemeal.
  • I love it. I pay 15-20 dollars every other week and they deliver to my job a large and very fresh bag of fruits and vegetables. Bag weighs about 16-18 lbs. they email a list. Of the food that week, you can substitute if you don't like something.
  • I never heard of CSA before reading this article. After reading this article I went onto the internet and found a local CSA farm in my small rural community which I have lived in for 14 years and never heard about before. With summer on it's way I am going to be giving the owners a call and find out what I can do to participate this spring. Thanks for openig my eyes.
  • My daughter and son-in-law didn't renew their subscription to their CSA because they got tired of eating leeks, and they weren't getting the vegetables that the CSA had on their monthly lists. On the surface it seems like a good idea, but . . . .
  • This is such an interesting idea! I have never heard of CSAs before. I'm definitely going to think about it. I might just try the farmer's market idea for next summer since there are several near me and I'm leary of the financial committment up front and the need to pick up the produce weekly (that's tough with a very busy work / travel schedule). There's one in the area that attends a local farmers market. it would be a good way to get introduced to the farmer and what they offer. I'm definitely keeping it in mind!
  • We've been a part of a CSA over the summer and have absolutely loved it. I took my 7-year old daughter to pick up our bag last week and had planned to purchase some bacon, so we could have BLT's for dinner the next evening. When we found out that they didn't have any left, I told her that we'd have to get some at the grocery store. She made a face, and said, "Ew! Let's just wait until next week!".
  • I love my CSA!

    It is like opening a present every week to see what goodies I get. Then a culinary challenge to incorporate each of the choices into my meals. And a challenge to use it all before the next week, or freeze some of it for the winter. Only thing I don't like is when I get overwhelmed with lettuce, because you can't freeze it!

    I'm a little sad now because my summer subscription is over, now it will be back to the bland choices in the produce aisle. But I have squash and pumpkins available for a little while yet, they are a good seasonal choice right now.
  • I invite you to join the CSA team. We are small but mighty- Good fellowship and recipe swaps for the adventure in produce that CSA bring!
  • I tried an organic produce delivery service - not really a CSA - but the produce was not the best quality. I've looked into joining the CSA but it was too late to sign up when I looked. It's also quite inconvenient - you have to pick it up and it's only available one day a week in a 2-hour window from like 3pm-5pm. Guess they don't want to include people who WORK. And sadly, our farmer's market is more expensive than the organic produce at the store. It's also better quality, so I do go and get a few things every Saturday. If money were no object I'd buy all my produce there, but I just can't afford to go broke on vegetables.
  • I have had a CSA membership for about 10 years now. It was a challenge at first to use everything (and to learn how to use some of it!) but now I can't imagine life without it
  • I shop the local Amish stands
  • I love my CSA!

    I know cost can be an issue for many people--the upfront costs are high to join. Many farms also offer "working" shares where you can volunteer for a certain number of hours and get reduced prices.

  • I joined a CSA for the first time this past summer. I thought it was a great bargain and the only thing I had trouble with was using all the produce before I got my next box. I've found myself missing the fresh vegetables and am looking forward to deliveries starting back up in March.

About The Author

Bryn Mooth Bryn Mooth
Bryn Mooth is an independent copywriter and journalist focused on food, wellness and design; she's also a Master Gardener and enthusiastic green thumb. She shares seasonal recipes, kitchen techniques, healthy eating tips and food wisdom on her blog writes4food.com.

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