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Health & Wellness Articles  ›  Healthy Lifestyles

The Benefits and Virtues of Voluntary Simplicity

Simplify Your Life!

-- By Dean Anderson, Behavioral Psychology Expert
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These days, voluntary simplicity is less about doing without certain things, and more about having just enough. It’s about living a full life by intentionally designing your life so that you don' t have to sacrifice anything important or waste your time, energy or material resources on things you don't really need or cherish.  It’s also about integrating basic ethical concerns such as fair distribution of labor and resources and the well-being of the natural world into your personal choices.

There is no one-size-fits-all definition of voluntary simplicity, or a single set of rules to follow. It means different things to different people and in different situations. What you might find comfortable or enriching could be a life of deprivation and boredom to someone else. Your level of simplicity also depends on your existing responsibilities to other people—it does not mean abandoning legitimate commitments and starting over, or imposing your values on other people.

Moving Towards Voluntary Simplicity
The first step towards constructing a voluntarily simple life is to gradually begin paring your life down to basic essentials—the things, activities and relationships that you truly need or genuinely cherish. For most people, this takes time and careful planning. Abrupt or poorly-planned changes, like quitting a job with nothing else lined up, can result in disaster. The goal here is to unburden yourself of possessions and activities that lock you into the “rat race” of earning more and more money to pay for more and more things you don’t really need; and to free up more time, resources, and energy for things that add real quality and meaning to your life.

Here’s a short list that many people focus on while trying to move towards voluntary simplicity:
  • Limiting material possessions to what is needed and/or cherished
  • Meaningful work, whether paid or volunteer
  • Quality time with friends and family
  • Joyful and pleasurable leisure activities
  • A conscious and comfortable relationship with money, charting a course between deprivation and excessive accumulation
  • Connection to community, but not necessarily in formal organizations
  • Sustainable spending and consumption practices, such as recycling and supporting local, community-based businesses with fair labor and environmental practices
  • A healthy lifestyle, including exercise, adequate sleep, and nutritious food
  • Practices that foster personal growth, an inner life, or spirituality, such as yoga, meditation, prayer, religious ceremonies, journaling, and/or spiritual reading
  • A connection to nature, such as spending time outdoors regularly
  • Aesthetic beauty in personal environment
The “Secret Ingredient”
There are several good books about voluntary simplicity and intentional living. One of my favorites is Voluntary Simplicity: Toward a Way of Life that is Outwardly Simple, Inwardly Rich, by Duane Elgin. Elgin suggests that the practice of voluntary simplicity helps us make the shift from “embedded consciousness” to “self-reflective consciousness,” which is crucial for personal growth and the well-being of self and society.
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About The Author

Dean Anderson Dean Anderson
Dean Anderson has master's degrees in human services (behavioral psychology/stress management) and liberal studies. His interest in healthy living began at the age of 50 when he confronted his own morbid obesity and health issues. He joined SparkPeople and lost 150 pounds and regained his health. Dean has earned a personal training certification from ACE and received training as a lifestyle and weight management consultant. See all of Dean's articles.

Member Comments

  • Wow! This is a very interesting article. I've been moving this direction for the past couple of years, and according to this list I'm doing a great job. I still have more paring down to do, and we have really slowed our spending, collecting, and we really think about a purchase and how it fits in to our lives, not just another accessory, gadget, something else to take up space. We are really simplifying, growing our own food, concentrating on good stewardship, etc. The top I have not been successful at, is the work category. I haven't figured this out yet, as it would take a major change career change for this to happen, but also the biggest stressor for me. It would mean getting away from behind the desk, which is great, but away from all of my skills, etc. It's on my mind more and more though. I do have to say, my simpler life is really nice and peaceful, spiritual too. - 7/10/2014 1:13:14 PM
  • I have to admit that when I read "fair distribution of labor and resources and the well-being of the natural world", I got scared. Who is to say what is "fair"? Environmental Activists who lecture us while flying around in private planes? Socialists who wish to forcefully take resources from those who work hard? "Fair" remains a very dangerous word.

    I know many who enjoy working. Those who obtain wealth and remain charitable, humble and happy people. Yet my husband and I live on one income so we can educate our daughter at home. I do not use my degree which would have lead to a much higher household income and bigger house, but instead chose the simple life so my daughter could be happy and free.

    This was not a bad article, but having escaped communism, I stress that we are FREE to choose. As the author said, this should not be imposed on others. - 5/26/2014 8:23:58 AM
  • This is how I strive to live my life. Even when I was a teen I knew personal relationships with friends, family, nature and with God where more important than the almighty to do list! I come from a family with overachieving siblings and a mother with a Type A personality. It is so great to know that I am not the ony one and I am not stupid and lazy. When you have Go, Go Go people around all the time, it gets exhausting and fushtrating when your brain is pulling you back saying stop and smell the roses. In my opinion, I have simplier, calmer life compared to my family. I don't tend to worry as much about anything. I attend college and that is the amount of stress I deal with most of the time, I have fewer relatonships but the few I have are close and full of trust. Compared to my mom and my sister, I am more active and have a better self-esteem. My blood pressure is the lowest and most consistant, I have weird medical issues but (knock on wood) all are in check, stress would not allow this to be. I wish more people would be able to at least understand this lifestyle, so the ones of us that live it can be more widely accepted and respected. I plan to read the book and see how my life truely relates to this. - 5/13/2014 7:08:53 AM
  • MANDYCAT3
    My husband and I have always lived considerably below our means. For example, in 2000 we were shocked to learn how big a mortgage our credit union was willing to give us; we borrowed 60% of that amount. We don't think of ourselves as big spenders or compulsive shoppers by any means. But in getting our house ready to go on the market in 2010, I was on a first name basis with the Vietnam Veterans' donation truck driver. Where on earth all that stuff came from was a mystery to both of us. We've been more conscious since then of how much stuff comes into our lives. (Full disclosure: still too much.) - 1/26/2014 5:38:54 PM
  • This is one of my favorite articles and speaks to exactly what I want to do with my life!! - 12/30/2013 11:17:19 AM
  • Great article. - 11/29/2013 7:00:15 PM
  • I live that life! . . . or aspiring to . . . but, even a simple life can get hectic and stressful.

    My husband and were married almost 37 years ago and on our first meeting we discussed our dreams about living simply. Shortly after we were married and moved to a beautiful old Victorian farmhouse we began creating our life of simplicity. We got an old wood stove that perfectly complimented the house and collected old fence posts and debris to burn. Soon neighbors were calling us to help them clean out their fence rows and such for the wood. We shopped at thrift stores, flea markets, and yard sales. We grew our own food, organically. We bought our wheat and meat (on the hoof) from local farmers and ground our own flour and cornmeal. We subscribed to Organic Gardening and Mother Earth News magazines for inspiration and bought books supporting our goals. My husband became a woodworker and built our first home . . . using recycled materials. (A farmer was clearing a field and we were able to salvage wood for framing and a garage from his pile of trees he was soon to set fire to.) We took it and kiln dried it and built our home along with other salvaged construction materials. He has supported our family for 25 years on his carpentry skills and cabinetmaking profession and has become a handyman extraordinaire. lol He works from our home location so there is always a sense of 'life' here.

    I was a homemaker for the first 10 years and home schooled my kids for 3 years before I had to go to work for extra income and to expand my horizons. I went to school and got an assoc. degree in commercial art and went to work for the next 25 years developing career skills along the way. During this time our family adjusted to living in the fast lane--a working mom and busy extracurricular events with the family. Our simple life became a little more compromised than our original vision, but we were able to maintain our small farmstead and still grow much of our food and, most of all, maintain our values.

    Now that the kids are grown we ... - 7/22/2013 11:31:36 AM
  • I learned a great deal about getting by on less after the economic downturn of 2008. Though my husband and I managed to get back on our feet after job losses and foreclosure, our perspectives have changed about how much we truly need. When we went on a recent hiking trip on the Appalachian Trail, I learned more lessons about how to simplify and be content with very little. When you have to carry everything on your back, even a visit to town will keep you from buying all the souvenirs and trinkets you think you need to enjoy your experience. We learned to enjoy traveling by doing cheap or free activities. Our current goal is to get an RV or camper trailer and live on the road full-time. This means that although I've downsized our possessions with every move (6 times in the past 6 yrs), we still have to get rid of 90% of our belongings. Guess what, I'm so ready for this....my prayer has been for God to help us simplify our lives. I feel free letting go and also enjoying life without getting so caught up in consumerism and living the "American Dream." - 6/19/2013 4:35:38 AM
  • Fabulous article. For the most part, that is how I live ~ and I'm working on the rest. I totally believe in living in 'the Now' ~ thanks to Eckhart Tolle. :) - 12/23/2012 1:01:16 PM
  • Great article! My husband and I are entering our 50's and realize that what worked for us in our 20's, 30's, and 40's is quite different that what we'll need going forward. As other responders noted, simplification is as much about habits and mindset as it is about "stuff." I appreciated the recommendation for a book to read on the topic as well. Several of our recent 'reads' dealt with the externalities of simplification, so we appreciate one that deals with more inward considerations. Thanks! - 10/29/2012 12:45:27 PM
  • I have had the recent epiphany that I need to "unclutter" with things because I have too many of them. They get in the way and don't have a purpose other than I thought I needed them at then time. Learning to say no to requests to be a leader also has helped me reduce the clutter of having no time or always on the go to somewhere or planning that program or meeting - it helps a lot to simplify. - 8/8/2012 9:07:01 AM
  • ROGERSBABE1
    I loved this article and am working towards these concepts. - 4/17/2012 9:07:21 AM
  • I have not read a Dean Anderson article that I did not thoroughly enjoy as well as find tremendously helpful and insightful. Thank you for your work! - 2/24/2012 2:04:46 PM
  • Full of useful information. - 1/28/2012 8:12:24 PM
  • I really appreciate Dean Anderson's pieces! And this one's no different. I also find the comments from others to be instructive and inspirational. Being joyful with less is something that I am striving for daily. - 12/19/2011 5:36:17 PM