Nutrition Articles

High Blood Pressure? Have a DASH of Spark

There's More to it than Your Sodium Intake

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The DASH plan:
  • Emphasizes whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products
  • Encourages fish, poultry and legumes
  • Allows red meats, sweets and fats, but in limited amounts
  • Is low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and total fat
  • Is high in fiber and nutrients such as magnesium, potassium and calcium.
  • Encourages a reduction in sodium intake
Doing the DASH 
The DASH strategies outline how many servings are needed each day from various food groups, based on calorie levels. The standard DASH plan is based on 2,000 calories a day. If you are trying to lose weight and want to eat fewer calories, the 1600-calorie version might be a better place to start (adjust as you can to account for your specific SparkDiet calorie goals). The following chart lists the food groups and daily servings recommended by the DASH diet, as well as portion sizes and tips to incorporate them into your meals: 

Food Group
Daily Servings, 1600 Calories
Daily Servings, 2000 Calories
Serving Sizes
Tips
Grains 6 7-8 1 slice bread; 1 oz dry cereal; ½ Cup cooked rice/ pasta/ cereal; ½ bun/bagel -Choose whole grains (brown rice, whole wheat bread/pasta, oats) rather than refined grains
Vegetables 3-4 4-5 ½ Cup cooked vegetable; ½ Cup cut-up raw vegetable; 1 Cup raw leafy vegetable; ¾ Cup vegetable juice -Choose fresh, frozen, or reduced sodium canned vegetables
-Add vegetables to stir-fry, soups, stews, and casseroles
-Snack on veggies and dip
Fruits 4 4-5 ½ Cup fresh/ canned/ frozen fruit; 1 Medium piece of fruit; ¼ Cup dried fruit; ¾ Cup fruit juice -Have a glass of juice for breakfast and a piece of fruit at lunch
-Add fruit to cereal, salads, yogurt, pudding, cake
-Snack on fresh fruit and dip
Low-fat and Fat-free Dairy 2-3 2-3 1 Cup low-fat/fat-free milk/yogurt; 1.5 oz low fat natural cheese; 1 oz low fat processed cheese -Top soups, casseroles, salads with grated cheese
-Enjoy a fruit yogurt smoothie
-Have a slice of cheese on a sandwich
Meats, Poultry, Fish 6 oz. or less 6 oz. or less 2-3 oz lean meat/ poultry/ fish; 1 egg = 1 oz. -Trim away skin and fat before cooking
-Use low-fat cooking methods (broil, grill, roast, poach)
Nuts, Seeds, Dried Beans 3/week 4-5/week 1.5 oz of nuts; ½ oz seeds; ½ Cup cooked beans -Peanuts, nuts, and seeds are high in fat, but it is a healthy type of fat; add small amounts to your stir-fry, salad, trail mix, and oatmeal
-Soybean products such as tofu and tempeh are great meat alternatives
Fats and Oils 1-2 2-3 1 tsp soft margarine; 1 Tbsp low-fat mayo; 2 Tbsp light salad dressing; 1 tsp vegetable oil Choose healthy fats like olive, canola, soybean, and peanut oil
-Limit fat from meat, butter, cheese, whole milk, and cream
Sweets 0-1 tsp/day, OR 2 Tbsp/week 1-2 tsp/day, OR 5 Tbsp/week 1 Tbsp = ½ oz jelly beans, 8 oz lemonade, 1 T jelly/jam Enjoy an occasional sweet treat in moderation
-Use artificial sweeteners to help satisfy your sweet tooth while sparing the sugar

Tips to Reduce Salt 
For best results, follow the DASH principles outlined above and lower your salt intake with these tips:
  • Use reduced sodium or "no salt added" products
  • Buy fresh, plain frozen, or canned with "no salt added" vegetables
  • Use fresh poultry, fish, and lean meat, rather than canned, smoked, or processed types
  • Limit cured and pickled foods, such as bacon, ham, pickles, olives, and sauerkraut
  • Limit high salt condiments, such as mustard, horseradish, catsup, soy sauce, teriyaki sauce, and barbecue sauce
  • Season foods with your favorite spices, herbs, lemon, lime, vinegar, and salt-free seasoning blends
  • Cook rice, pasta, and hot cereals without salt
  • Choose lower sodium frozen dinners, mixed dishes, canned soups, and broths
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About The Author

Becky Hand Becky Hand
Becky is a registered and licensed dietitian with almost 20 years of experience. A certified health coach through the Cooper Institute with a master's degree in health education, she makes nutrition principles practical, easy-to-apply and fun. See all of Becky's articles.

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