Nutrition Articles

The Top 5 Myths about Organic Gardening

Get the Facts about Growing Food Organically

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Organic gardening, by definition, is growing vegetables, fruits and other plants without relying on synthetic methods of pest control and fertilization.  Common practices of organic gardening include, but are not limited to, fertilizing soil with compost, using beneficial insects to deter harmful ones, rotating crops, and using heirloom varieties of plants. 

Many people believe that organic gardening takes far more time, money, knowledge and planning than conventional gardening or yields measly, tasteless crops full of blemishes and bug holes. If you’ve considered starting an organic garden but have been deterred by these myths, check your facts.  Your fears may be unfounded.
 
Myth: If you don’t use synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, your yield will be significantly reduced. 

Fact: Proponents of conventional farming say that organic farms suffer lower yields, but this may not be true.  According to Harvard educated environmental scientist Donella Meadows, Ph.D. in her article Our Food, Our Future, "the expectation that [organic yields] will always trail chemical yields is without merit".  Meadows cites many examples of organic farmers who, without the benefits of years of government and academic research that has advanced conventional farming, have come close to the yields achieved by conventional farmers, even out-producing them in times of drought, when organically-farmed soil retains water better than conventionally-farmed soil. In addition to good yields, she notes that many of the organic methods studied have actually been a boon to the environment instead of a burden since organic methods improve the soil.

Much of the yield debate stems from the question of whether organic farming can feed the world’s population, and that question hasn’t been answered.  But as you’re probably not trying to feed the world with your backyard vegetable garden, this shouldn't be a concern for your household.  Remember that synthetic fertilizers and pest-control methods may be effective in the short term, but they’re not without risks, and they’re not without safer alternatives.   

Myth: Organic produce is lower in quality.

Fact: If you grow your own food organically in good quality soil, here’s what to expect from your produce:  negligible pesticide residues, no genetically modified organisms, higher levels of essential vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, and superior taste.  If these distinctions are considered when determining quality, then home-grown produce can’t be beat. 

There has been much debate recently about whether or not organic produce is higher in nutrients than conventional produce.  Results of studies have been conflicting, and a few have shown no difference.  However, keep in mind that these studies set out to compare nutrient content, not the flavor, safety, or environmental impact of organic vs. conventional.  Additionally, they were comparing industrial organic to industrial conventional crops, which are vastly different from backyard organic.  When it comes to taste and freshness, what you grow at home can't be beat!

When you have a backyard garden, you can utilize techniques such as crop rotation (planting a bed with corn one year and beans the next, which helps prevent soil depletion), cover crops (which help to add nutrients back into the soil by growing crops like peas and clover in the fall and winter months), and fertilizing with compost.  All of these methods will improve your soil and improve the nutrient content of your crops.
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About The Author

Liza Barnes Liza Barnes
Liza has two bachelor's degrees: one in health promotion and education and a second in nursing. A registered nurse and mother, regular exercise and cooking are top priorities for her. See all of Liza's articles.

Member Comments

  • EARTHENDELIGHT
    Excellent website. A lot of useful information here. I'm delivering it to some buddies and also discussing in delightful. And of course, thanks in your sweat!
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    - 10/23/2013 2:31:05 AM
  • It would have been nice to see a real comparison of the nutrient content of organic produce over conventional. It would also be nice if the article had addressed the subject of produce safety. - 8/30/2013 2:27:32 PM
  • Sorry, as for the time issue. I have done gardens in the back yard, renting the tiller, ammending the soil A LOT, and WEEDING constantly. I have done a small amount of weeding, scraping the top of the soil with my fingernail when I noticed plants coming up. So I spend no time turning soil or weeding.

    I expect I will have to be more vigilant for pests in the spring/summer garden when those pests will be plentiful. So far, I've only seen a stink bug. i expect and extra five minutes might be needed to squash a bug or caterpillar if they eat too much parsley. I'll probably plant more of that and dill for the Eastern Swallowtails.

    I'm not understanding what the extra work is involved for the organic garden from the previous commenter or the author. Quite frankly, if I had to do all the garden prep of a traditional garden, it wouldn't have happened. - 12/11/2012 12:48:52 AM
  • I started four 4 x 4 square foot gardening boxes this fall. I spent quite a bit of money for coarse vermiculite, peat, and 5 different composts to blend. I will never have that expense again because all I need to do as one crop is harvested and I plant something else is add my own compost to that 12 x 12 inch square. So I have 64 squares in production. Sugar Snap pea plants are taller than me and getting ready to put out another harvest. Another couple of days and they will be fat and juicy. Delicious out in the garden. This week, I bought a pkg. of sugar snap peas at the store while waiting for this harvest. I couldn't eat them raw, and they had very little flavor when steamed.

    I have a salad every day with a huge variety of lettuces and not one leaf is ever rotten. Red Salad Bowl is absolutely gorgeous and I've never had that variety before. I have other varieties that I have no idea what they are.

    So the variety that is possible with this method is amazing. Also, I put some transplants purchased at the garden store in my raised bed, Mel's mix; and some out in my flower beds. Broccoli, leeks, and tomatoes all withered and died. All plants have done well in my raised beds except the acorn squash. And I don't think anything inorganic would have helped it. The plant didn't survive our 2 nights below 32 degrees. My mom thought I was silly. That I would be eating a $50 head of broccoli. I have already saved the cost of the mix in salad greens, squash bossoms, peas, green beans and basil.

    But the best thing is, I am eating vegetables now, and I know they have nothing on them that could harm me. Was it worth it? I can't wait to get up in the morning to go out and pick my salad leaves and water.

    It is very hard to wait for the onions, garlic and shallots. I'm 64 and never eaten a shallot before.

    Variety in my healthy organic garden is definitely the spice in my life. - 12/11/2012 12:38:45 AM
  • So to disprove the "myth" that organic gardening takes more time, the argument is that the extra time is well spent? How is it a "myth" if it is true????

    Perhaps it's a more of a "misconception" that organic gardening *will feel* more time-consuming than conventional. It is a good idea to point out that sometimes the "slow way" of doing things (such as making foods from scratch) can be more satisfying, nutritious, and the best option.

    I'm by no means trying to be critical of the information in this article, just how it's being presented. Don't call it an apple if it's an orange! =D - 4/13/2012 3:42:24 PM

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