Nutrition Articles

Recognizing Eating Disorders and Getting Help

It's Not Just about Food and Weight

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As you can see, the differences between dieting and anorexia nervosa, and between overeating and binge eating disorder, can get pretty hazy. What starts out as “normal” can easily cross the line and become disordered, especially when you are focused primarily on weight and calories, instead of healthy eating and exercising. Recognizing problems as early as possible is one key to getting them under control.

Underneath the Surface
Many people with clinical eating disorders have certain genetic or biochemical susceptibilities to strong emotions, or histories of emotional, physical, or sexual abuse that further amplify the intensity of feelings and short-circuit the development of normal emotional-management skills. There is also strong evidence that disordered eating can be “passed down” from generation to generation within families.

Although biology and genes play significant roles in eating disorders, it's a mistake to think that people develop eating disorders because there is something wrong with them. People turn to these behaviors because, to them, they solve an important problem or accomplish some necessary purpose. And even when the “solution” starts causing serious problems of its own, people may consciously or unconsciously stick to their disordered eating patterns until they can come up with some alternative way of meeting the original need.

It’s a lot easier to find a way to meet that need when you have some idea of what that original purpose or problem might be. So, let’s take a brief look at some of the most common problems and needs that, according to people who have successfully struggled with their own eating disorders, got them headed down the road to trouble in the first place:
  • “There’s nothing special or interesting about me. I thought that if I could make myself the thinnest person in my school, people would notice me.”
  • “My boyfriend dumped me for a skinnier girl. I hated my fat body and was determined not to let it ruin my life.”
  • “I was so puny that I was embarrassed to take a shower at school. I spent hours at the gym every day trying to put on some muscle.”
  • “The idea of dating and sexuality was too much for me to handle. Who needed all that worry about whether I’d get asked out at all or get dumped? I got fat so people would find me unattractive and undesirable, and leave me alone.”
  • “Nothing I did was ever good enough for anyone. I knew I could be very good at controlling what I ate, and exercising like a fiend, and that made me feel good.”
  • “If I didn’t have my food problems to worry and feel bad about, I don’t think I would feel anything at all. I’m empty inside.”
  • “I knew I didn’t have what it took to succeed at anything. As long as I was fat, I figured people wouldn’t expect much from me. I didn’t have to expect much from myself either, or try for anything that made me nervous. My fat was my shield.”
  • “I just couldn’t handle my feelings. When I felt bad, eating was the only thing that made the feelings go away. After I ate, I felt even worse—until I discovered that purging made the guilt and anxiety go away, and let me get back to business as usual again.”
  • “I was angry all the time, and I felt bad about that. I ate whatever I wanted, whenever I wanted it, because I deserved it. And if that made me fat and miserable, that was fine, because I deserved that, too.”
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About The Author

Dean Anderson Dean Anderson
Dean Anderson has master's degrees in human services (behavioral psychology/stress management) and liberal studies. His interest in healthy living began at the age of 50 when he confronted his own morbid obesity and health issues. He joined SparkPeople and lost 150 pounds and regained his health. Dean has earned a personal training certification from ACE and received training as a lifestyle and weight management consultant. See all of Dean's articles.

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