Nutrition Articles

Is Evening Eating Destroying Your Weight Loss Efforts?

Cues to Eating and How to Control Them

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Balanced breakfast? Check
Mid-morning snack? Check
Healthy lunch with your co-workers? Check
Passing up your friend's homemade cookies? Check
Coming home in the evening and going on a feeding frenzy? CHECK!!

Does this sound like the bulk of your days? You're in control, everything is going fine - until you come home starving at night and eat a large dinner, say yes to dessert (and seconds) and finish off a bag of chips before bed. What gives?

From a metabolic standpoint, there is really no reason not to eat food in the evening. A calorie is a calorie regardless of when it is consumed. A morning calorie is metabolized in basically the same way as an evening calorie. However, eating in the evening is a problem for many, not because of the way food is metabolized, but because of the quantity of food that is often eaten.

Skipping meals and becoming overly hungry by evening can lead to nighttime binge eating. Recent studies revealed that when people ate three meals a day only 13% binged. When people skipped breakfast, 24% binged and when people skipped breakfast and lunch, 60% binged. In general, people who spread their meals throughout the day seem to be better able to control their eating. They are less likely to feel hungry and less likely to overeat. So by eating breakfast, lunch, and dinner and planning snacks in between, you can help yourself lose weight as well as maintain better control of your eating throughout the day and night.

For most people, the evening is "down-time," used to relax, watch television, and unwind from the stresses of the day. Others view this as a time to multi-task and catch up on household chores, bills, homework, and other responsibilities. Whether you're winding down or checking off your to-do list, unconscious eating can accompany your routine and result in a massive calorie intake. Devouring a bag of chips, a sleeve of cookies, or a pint of ice cream can occur when your mind is somewhere else.

The Role of Sleep
Consuming a large amount of food before bedtime can also result in indigestion and sleep problems, which can trigger you to eat more during the proceeding days. A growing body of research suggests a connection between obesity and lack of adequate sleep. Statistics show that overweight individuals sleep about 1.8 hours less a week than people of normal weight. Since the 1960's sleep duration for American adults has dropped by as much as two hours a night, while obesity has drastically increased.

Sleep is a regulator of two hormones that effect appetite, leptin and ghrelin. Leptin helps suppress food intake and stimulate energy expenditure, while ghrelin stimulates appetite, fat production, and body growth. When one is sleep deprived, the level of leptin drops and the level of ghrelin increases. The result is a drastic increase in hunger. One study reported a 24% increase in hunger, with excessive, uncontrollable cravings for calorie and carbohydrate packed foods such as cookies, candy and cake. It can all add up to a vicious cycle of late night binges, lack of adequate sleep, uncontrolled snacking, late night binges, and so on.

Are You An Evening Eater? Try this exercise to find out.
Use the Nutrition Tracker to track 3-5 typical days of eating. Print each day's results and use your records to answer the following questions:

1. How many meals and snacks did you eat after 5:00 pm?
2. How many meals and snacks did you eat during the day?
3. How many total calories did you consume after 5:00 pm?
4. How many total calories did you consume for the day?
5. What activities occurred while you ate after 5:00 pm?

You may have a problem with evening eating if:

  • More than one-third of your meals & snacks are eaten after 5:00 pm.
  • More than one-third of your total calories are consumed after 5:00 pm
  • Evening eating constantly occurs with another activity.

    Put An End to the Evening Binge Cycle!
    You CAN control evening eating disasters. Try these tips to normalize sleeping patterns and fend off hunger:
    • Plan activities to do throughout the evening, but don't make food a part of the activity:
      • Take a bath
      • Walk the dog
      • Pay bills; balance the checkbook
      • Play board games with the kids
      • Call a friend
      • Keep your hands busy (polish the silver, sew, knit, or do any craft)
      • Play basketball, baseball, soccer
      • Read a book or magazine
      • Try a relaxing fitness video such as yoga or tai chi.
    • Eat 3 meals daily and 1-2 planned snacks, keeping in mind your total calorie range.
    • Plan to eat about the same number of calories at each meal throughout the day. The total should be within your calorie range.
    • Have a low-calorie beverage (diet soda, flavored water, etc.) in the evening.
    • Make a list of low-calorie snack options. Select one for the evening. Eat it, but no more.
    • Don't eat mindlessly! Eat all meals and snacks at the kitchen table, keeping all of your attention on the food you're enjoying. Take your time and really enjoy every bite.
    • Get 7-8 hours of sleep nightly.
    • Maintain a regular bed and wake time schedule, even on the weekend.
    • Establish a regular, relaxing bedtime routine.
    • If you have trouble sleeping, leave the bed (or room) and pursue another activity like reading until you're ready to sleep. Use your bedroom only for sleep and sex.
    • Finish eating at least two to three hours before your regular bedtime.
    • Exercise regularly.
    • Avoid caffeine and alcohol close to bedtime; avoid nicotine altogether.

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Member Comments

  • This is definitely me!! Most of the time it's ok because I'll go to the gym after dinner and then work out instead of eating.... but when I rest or workout in the morning I definitely snack in the evening. I started a list of snack ideas under 150 calories to choose from- SP has an article about popcorn flavors worth checking out!! Also I've gotten back into hobbies- if my hands are knitting or doing cross-stitch, they can't be eating chips.
  • I generally don't have too much trouble with night time eating, but last night my hubby brought out a box of cookies & my will power went down the tube. :/ He loves night time snacking. I am going to have to work harder. He is not trying to sabotage, he is just doing his thing...but it amounts to sabotage on my end, Lol.
  • KARENO05
    This is me as well. I have found that in the past couple of months, as long as I plan well and make sure I have a good amount of protein throughout the day, including a sugar free, protein bar around 3pm, I'm less likely to binge eat when I get home. It's taking me years to finally catch on :| But at least I have!
  • Huge problem for me control is always at somewhere around zero!!! Sometimes I just go to bed and funnily enough that stops the craving even if I don't go asleep. It's always junk food cravings never fruit etc
  • Well that certainly describes me to a tee! Guess I'd better work harder at tracking and keeping busy doing something besides eating in the evening! Good article!
  • My dilemma is that my blood sugars drop in the evening after eating dinner, so I need to eat something small to bring it back to a normal level. Then I wake up at various times in the night & check it again and it's getting low enough that I KNOW it will drop even more if I don't eat something. I'm pretty sure that I need to adjust my insulin dose, so will be talking to my Diabetes RN about this. Very good article!
  • This is a huge problem for me! It doesn't help that I have terrible insomnia and mild sleep apnea so I am usually sleep deprived. I used to carb load with junk food at night and the crash would help me get to sleep. Part of the reason for my night-time eating I have realized is anxiety - stress eating.
    Evening exercise just makes the insomnia worse. I'm trying to get in to the habit of morning exercise because my job requires me to be sitting all day keyboarding - between work and commute I have no option but to be sitting 10 hours a day Monday-Friday. This kind of work leaves me mentally exhausted and hurting all over at the end of the day.
  • BLRTAMPA
    omg this is me .. it's crazy , i do good all weekend with the boyfriend , he goes home sunday morning , i don't do too bad. busy all day until night hits , it's like i can't get enough , starts with a few chips , then peanuts ok need something to wash it all down with, then i decide ok eat a meal, so i don't snack, so i do that , then ice cream , oh but still not full.? i have some cheese , gosh, it's like i can't get enough and not sure why i do this. i need a support system, oh forgot to mention bought a bag of gummies , are you thinking i just had 1 or 2 , not ! i ate the whole bag, i guess i really think , that i do good all week i can splurge on sunday , i am sure i gain 2lbs on sundays...grrrrrr , tried doing a puzzle but , gosh i have to have a snack when i am doing it .. ok this lifestyle sucks and i know it .
  • SHINTEETAH, "proceeding" is correct; you are thinking of "preceding". But I like your time travel idea! :)
  • Great article. I can see how this would get out of hand. It just starts with a small nibble and next thing you know you are binging. I never eat out of the box, and I always measure and track what I eat. Although it is hard sometimes because I would like to eat everything in site! Tracking and measuring helps a bunch!
  • ANGEL115707
    I now what gets me. All day long, I am busy, so I don't mind being a little hungry. at night, I hate going to bed hungry. Too many nights I remember going to bed hungry and not being able to sleep. I'll toss and turn if I am hungry. So many people say you should not eat after the sun goes down, or you should not eat several hours before bed.... then I won't sleep!!! About all I can do is pace myself, and maybe even just eat a couple bites of protein right before bed so my tummy doesn't drive me mad....
  • "Consuming a large amount of food before bedtime can also result in indigestion and sleep problems, which can trigger you to eat more during the proceeding days."

    Pretty sure this should be "subsequent," unless we're involving time travel in our weight loss efforts. Which would be awesome.
  • Try hot beverages like herbal tea (they seem more satisfying than cold ones), and if nothing else will satisfy, pop some popcorn. Also, my trigger foods are easy to avoid during the day but not so much in my own home - I found that there is no such thing as moderation when it comes to some oods for me, so they are simply not around anymore.
  • Because I have reactive hypogycemia and am insulin resistant, I have to eat a little protein every 3 hrs per doc orders. Of course, I'm not eating thru the night, but I do have to have something throughout the day.
  • I keep reading comments about eating at night or binge eating. Both are very real. But I also read people writing in about " this is the same information that has been going around for years" that too is true. However as I became overweight 25 years ago, my doctor told me something I never forgot " to lose weight you have to take in less than you expend" That was 20 years ago. also told me that "binge eating is more about a behavioral/mental problem than a health issues" Maybe these items have been recycled because it is that simple for 95% of all people. Those pesky facts.... :-) Keep the fact coming folks

About The Author

Becky Hand Becky Hand
Becky is a registered and licensed dietitian with almost 20 years of experience. A certified health coach through the Cooper Institute with a master's degree in health education, she makes nutrition principles practical, easy-to-apply and fun. See all of Becky's articles.

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