3 Diets Dietitians Say Are Not a Long-Term Solution

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You've counted the calories and followed a meal plan. You've stood by the rules—honestly, by now, you've practically memorized them. You've got a trendy new diet under your belt, which also happens to hold up those loose-fitting jeans. So, what now?

If you haven't thought about a long-term game plan, you're not alone. The dieting world often links "success" to a number on a scale and a size of a shirt, leaving you searching for the next step when you hit the finish line.  

At first glance, continuing the latest and greatest diet seems like the obvious move. After all, if it worked for now, it should work forever, right?

Not quite. While it's likely that a fad diet will help you lose weight, it's even more likely that it won't last.

Here's the problem: Trendy diets typically cause rapid weight loss in a short time frame by drastically cutting calories and eliminating major food groups. And while these diets tend to include positive behaviors like limiting added sugars and eating more veggies, those same behaviors are usually taken to the extreme.

When you're on a mission to make big moves, extreme rules might not even phase you. But before you continue the ride, take a step back and double check the hype. Restrictive diets can cause more harm than good, and often, the reasons aren't always obvious.
 

Why Fad Diets Fall Short for the Long-Term


One might say that drastic times call for drastic measures. But when it comes to the extreme nature of fad diets, the concept doesn't hold true. Starting a strict diet is a challenge for anyone, but sticking with them as a permanent solution is problematic and can backfire for a few destructive reasons.

1. Increases Risk for Caloric and Nutrient Deficiencies
 
When it comes to fad diets, this is perhaps the greatest concern of nutrition experts.

"Our brains do not know the difference between dieting and actual starvation," explains Julie Lee, M.S., R.D., C.D.N. a dietitian and certified health coach in Binghamton, New York. "[As such, the brain] will engage in a number of adaptations to defend our body weight. This includes lowering metabolism, increasing hunger and increasing thoughts about food."

The result? An endless pattern of weight cycling without lasting results.

Plus, since fad diets tend to restrict entire food groups, your nutritional intake is bound to suffer. This only increases the risk of nutritional deficiencies and imbalances, according to Lee. It might even work in the opposite direction and cause excess levels of certain nutrients, which could potentially heighten the risk of heart disease, kidney stones and, in extreme cases, nutrient toxicities.

2. Potentially Damages Your Relationship with Food


Fad diets can also shake up your relationship with eating. Remember, these diets tend to focus on strict rules—no if's, and's or but's. This can place a great deal of pressure on your food choices, especially if it seems like all the "cool kids" are getting in on the same plan. As a result, any transgression can lead to feelings of guilt and defeat, says Lee.

Kerry Clifford, M.S., R.D., L.D.N., also adds that fad diets can demonize otherwise nutritious foods, such as bananas and potatoes, which do have a place in a healthy diet.<pagebreak>
It's a far cry from the practice of mindful eating, which is fueled by eating food for nourishment. "[Mindful eating is] primarily motivated by the desire to feel good—both physically and mentally—and have satisfaction in eating," Lee shares. "[And] while it does use gentle nutrition principles to help guide choices, it's flexible and allows for enjoyment of all foods without the guilt."

Ultimately, when you've got boxes to check and lists to follow, eating becomes less about health and more about rules.

3. Lowers Chances of Sustainability

A strict set of guidelines can also stand in between you and sustainable, long-lasting change. Fads don't account for moments when you cannot be in full control, such as on vacation or visiting a friend's home for dinner. While there are some exceptions, most fad diets don't offer you much space to practice sensible, mindful eating.

A lifestyle of healthy eating is the exact opposite. It's a style that works with your life. When you focus on healthy behaviors instead of a specific list of guidelines, you're more likely to find an eating style that allows for flexibility and satisfaction.

"Truly attuned eating teaches us to eat in accordance with our body's needs, rather than a set of arbitrary rules," says Lee. "There's no wagon to fall off, so to speak, so changes tend to be more sustainable."
 

The Diets That Aren't Long-Term Solutions


Fad diets may come and go, but one thing is for sure: They frequently share a common theme. Typically, this involves extreme restrictions, a set of rules and glorified promises of "life-changing" results. Often, diets are meant more as a starting line for weight loss—a kick-start, if you will. Their aim is to help you lose weight quickly, but many were never meant to be your forever solution to health. Before you jump into a 30-day deal or something you saw on Pinterest, discover why going overboard on a fad could ultimately be detrimental to your health.

1. Ketogenic Diet

The ketogenic diet is a very low-carb, moderate protein and high-fat diet. Originally developed to help reduce the frequency of epileptic seizures, the diet encourages all types of fat, including saturated fat. In fact, up to 90 percent of daily calories of a keto diet can come from fat, according to Harvard Health Publishing.

The diet cuts out added sugars. While this is a great goal to work toward on its face, to keep carb intake super low, it also omits nutritious foods like fruits, starchy veggies, whole grains and legumes, all of which are essential for overall health.<pagebreak>
Glucose, for example, is necessary for staying on your A-game. It's your brain's main source of energy, after all! Therefore, continuing with a very low-carb diet can disrupt concentration and focus over time. "[You might also] see changes in exercise performance, energy and even bone health," adds Clifford.

The high intake of fat can be stressful for the liver, too. Additionally, the lack of fiber-rich foods (like fruits and veggies) may snowball into nutrient deficiencies, constipation and feeling hungrier than when you started.

Due to its medical origins, keto has not been studied as a long-term solution, so it's important to talk to your doctor or a registered dietitian before putting all your eggs (and bacon) in one basket.  

2. Whole30

Whole30 is a 30-day elimination diet that centers around whole foods. It's also marketed as a temporary diet, so it's already established that it's not meant for long-term use.

That's also part of the problem, though. With a 30-day end date, Whole30's "deadline" can create unnecessary pressure to meet strict requirements within that time frame. This pressure may also linger beyond the end date, whether or not one chooses to continue the diet.

And before you argue that eating real, whole food is a good thing (it is!), the issue here lies within the way Whole30 encourages change.

"[Whole30 is] marketed as an elimination diet and for 'health'," Lee points out. In turn, it suggests that strict restrictions—rather than balance—are essential for health and wellness. Moreover, with such extreme restrictions, there are that many more opportunities to experience a guilt-ridden fall off the Whole30 wagon.

3. Juice Cleanse 

Also known as a juice detox or simply "juicing", a juice cleanse is a liquid diet of fruit and vegetable juices. It might eliminate all or most solid foods. According to the American Journal of Medicine, a juice cleanse usually lasts for three to 10 days. Some might continue it for even longer.

At its core, there's nothing harmful about enjoying fruit or vegetable juice. But when most (or all) of your diet consists of juices, your nutritional health will be thrown for a loop.

Clifford's primary concern is that juice cleanses don't provide protein and fat, two essential macronutrients for good health. They're also chock full of carbohydrates, which can quickly accumulate. Hello, sugar crashes!

What's worse is that juicing removes the fiber-rich peel of fruits and veggies. Fiber, which is essential for controlling blood sugar, also increases satiety and keeps hunger at bay.

Clifford adds that it's also difficult to get enough calories through a juice cleanse. That, along with the lack of protein, can lead to weight loss due to the deterioration of muscle mass rather than the healthy fat loss you see with a true healthy eating plan.

No matter how you look at it, restrictive diets can't teach us about balance or sustainability. They don't allow us to develop—and practice—a positive relationship with food. Furthermore, they can wreak havoc on our bodies, which will only increase the risk for health issues in the long run.

In the end, the "perfect diet" won't need a handbook or a strict set of rules. It won't even need a hashtag-friendly name or title. Instead, it will center around mindful behaviors and habits that offer nourishment and fuel—just as food should.
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Member Comments

I agree with KITT52 - we have to experiment and take the best from each thing to find what works for our body, and for our MIND! It has to be ok with how our brain work. Report
good info BUT
the best diet for YOU is one you will stick with....for a life time...

we are all different with different needs.. Report
thank you Report
ELRIDDICK
Thanks for sharing Report
I am sad that SparkPeople has not updated any of their information on diets. One big issue is that a lot of the information published on the Keto diet is found only in scientific publications. Dr. Perlmutter is one of the first doctors to publish his findings for the general public in "Grain Brain" using findings from his experience as a brain surgeon. He does advise those that want to eat Keto to practice portion control and equally as important - to EXERCISE. He writes no to do word puzzles to exercise your brain, do aerobics - get the blood flowing - to exercise the brain.

I was hoping SparkPeople would offer more Keto-friendly recipes. Like another reader said - this has been around for 27 years so it isn't a flash in the pan. Dr. Perlmutter has operated on untold numbers of patients with epilepsy, Parkinson's, ADHD and MS all caused by diet. I am on Keto to lose weight, to sleep better and to end brain fog.

Report
I was on the Atkins Diet, which I think is essentially the Keto diet, and found it to be completely unsustainable. This was in 2003. It did one good thing for me, which is that I gave up soda (I used to drink a lot of diet soda), and with an occasional exception, I don't drink soda to this day. Dr. Atkins was ahead of his time on that one. But what I had an issue with was that the diet seemed to value foods that were high in saturated fats (i.e. burgers and bacon - without the roll, of course) over fruits and veggies, which are higher in carbs but also lower in calories and high in nutrients. Report
The "fad" diet is actually the Standard American Diet that has been pushed onto society by marketers trying to sell their food products which have taken us further away from WHOLE FOODS, which are healthier for us than the processed, boxed garbage. Eating every 2-3 hours is also new and has made us ignore our true hunger signals. this article is lacking is education of what the science is behind how our bodies process the foods and which way of eating is best for our bodies, because we are all different. If someone does better on a carnivore diet, I'm not going to tell them that's a fad diet just because I do better eating less meats.
I'm thoroughly disappointed with this article and SP. do more research and become better educated. There are far too many doctors who are doing just that and finding that KETO is a phenominal way for people to get healthy. HEALTHY! And the weight loss is a side factor of this. I'm not even on Keto, but I know enough about it to know it is great for people for various health reasons. next you'll say, fasting is bad. Am I right? Report
I totally agree with @JBALL21 - and I had my best results with KETO only when eating healthy fats like the coconut oil, nuts, avocados, ghee... I wasn't surprised because even when I'm not on KETO I never did well with the super greasy fatty pieces of meat. (And isn't it interesting that the Bible talks about not eating the fat from meat, but does talk about eating the fats in such healthy things as olive oil, butter, nuts etc.? Something to think about....!). I really do better with the low glycemic, high fiber fruits and veggies and super complex carbs, and just kick the high glycemic processed carbs (white sugar, white flour, those kinds of junk food carbs). Report
As for me and my daughter we do not agree because Keto is not a cost effective diet for us on our low food budget. Cannot afford to buy oragnic foods nall the time or grass fed meat. So no one diet is good forn everyone here. Report
Read the research not just opinions. Different diets work for different people for different reasons. Lower Carb or KETO diet is a lifestyle choice for me. Healthy Carbs, Healthy Fats, low glycemic fruits is what works for me. Report
Actually, if you listen to the information of Dr. Pehrlman, it is know that the brain is 75% fat and NEEDS fat to sustain. The key is HEALTHY fats. Not fats from processed meats (like pepperoni, for example), but rather seeds, nuts, olive oil. It's all about the TYPE of fats eaten. And, in fact, yes, we DO need carbs in our nutrition plan but NOT simple carbs. And fats are essential for carb metabolism.

There is no one diet that is for everyone, but as far as the keto diet, it's all about how you manage it. Report
Such a shame...Keto was prescribed to me by both my doctor and my top rated cardiologist. I have lost 140+ pounds with it, am now maintaining my weight loss (been keto for 2 years) and am in the best health of my life..all bloodwork is optimal as are all my other health checks.
NIH HAS endorsed keto as being sustainable for a lifetime. Its not new, nor is is a "fad". Its totally healthy, IF followed AS DIRECTED.
Why are so many against it? Easy. It's cutting into a billions of dollars industry. People strictly following it are now healthy..which cuts down on medical visits. People are being taken off their meds due to it, which cuts down on the pharmaceutical profits. And there is nothing..NOTHING special to buy..just pure, whole foods. So its also cutting the legs out from under the multi billion dollar diet industry.
Who wins? Those of us on keto..who have regained our health, become an optimal weight, those with Alzheimers, and Parkinsons (studies are in the works to show just how much keto can help these 2 horrible diseases) those with diabetes (most go off all insulin and meds ) and anyone wanting to be healthy. Report
keto is excellent - all the sugar and starches are not made like the old days - watch some of the netflix movies on foods ... or you tube drs, ken berry and jason fung ....... I have to stay on it because of diabetes and the diabetic gov sponsored carb load is wrong !!!!!!! to keep mine low without drugs I do keto / w IF..
maybe these want you to stay on drugs the rest of your life by eating high carb plans ......... your choice - but I would really look into it if you have health issues . in which fat is a health issue.. there is good and bad fats ( there is a book on it ). Report
Keto is an effective diet. There are more and more studies coming out supporting the science behind keto all the time. While keto is definitely not for everyone, and many different diets work for different people, it is interesting to note how vitriolic the backlash against keto currently is. I suspect the food and pharma industries are behind most of it. But a lot of it is just lack of information and parroting of old snippets of information.

It's not going to go anywhere. It's been too successful for too many people. If you don't want to do it - fine, but you're going to have to eat your words (luckily words have no carbs) one of these days. Report
I think that people hate on the Keto diet because (what I have witnessed from a co-worker and friend who does it) is that the "fats" they are eating are not healthy. My friend will literally fry up pepperoni in a pan for her "chips" or drowned her salad in ranch dressing. I laugh and say to her all the time "so you're telling me that I can't eat an apple or a carrot on this diet but I can eat a whole block of cream cheese"? When the diet actually wants you to get your fat sources from foods like nuts and avocados. I think people are just misinformed about keto because some of the people they witness are getting their fats from unhealthy sources. Report


 

About The Author

Kirsten Nunez
Kirsten Nunez
Kirsten Nunez is a health and lifestyle writer, editor and author. She has a Master of Science in Nutrition and is currently based in New York. Kirsten spends her days writing articles and dreaming up healthy recipes.