Fruit and Vegetable Gardening A-Z: Cucumbers

Fresh cucumbers straight from the garden are a cool delight on a hot day. These dark, slender fruits are must-haves for every garden! You can pickle them or slice them right into a salad.

Hardiness Zones:
4-12 (Find your hardiness zone.)

When to Plant:
Plant seeds in the garden in mid-spring. Plant seeds 1-1/2 inches deep in "hills" of soil. Sow several seeds in each hill, thinning to the two strongest plants after they have germinated.

Cucumbers can grow in many different kinds of soil if they have an adequate supply of humus (decomposed plant matter that is part of the soil). 

Space Needed:
Cucumbers like to sprawl a little. To save space, train them to grow up a small fence or trellis, otherwise space each plant 3 feet apart in rows or hills that are 3 feet wide.

Cucumbers grow very rapidly and are most flavorful when picked before they get too large. They are heavy feeders and enjoy large amounts of nitrogen. They also require a moderate amount of water to thrive, so water them weekly and mulch around the plants to help retain water.

When to Harvest:
Cucumbers are ready after 55-65 days, with several weeks of harvest to follow.

Average Yield:
Two strong producing varieties of cucumber plants can yield approximately 15 pounds over a season.<

Continuous Yield:

Life Cycle:

Difficulty Rating (1-5):
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Member Comments

Thank you for sharing Report
Cucumbers were the first thing our family ever grew. They are most definitely a plant and forget plant if your area gets rain at least once a week. This year will be sure to add mulch as per your recommendations. =) Report
Thanks so much. Report


About The Author

Jenny Sigler
Jenny Sigler
Jenny is a stay-at-home mom to her young children, Augustine and Olive. An avid gardener and baker, she enjoys writing about health and childcare topics to empower people to make healthy choices. See all of Jenny's articles.