Fruit and Vegetable Gardening A-Z: Blueberries

Blueberries add something to the garden every season: tiny white-pink flowers in spring, beautiful blue fruits in the summer, and attractive foliage throughout the fall.

Hardiness Zones:
2-9 (Find your hardiness zone.)

When to Plant:
Plant blueberries in late fall if your area is warm; otherwise plant in late winter (February-March) when the soil can be worked. Blueberries will take 3 years before they fruit.

Blueberries require slightly acidic soil that is light and well drained, in an area that gets full sun.

Space Needed:
Lowbush varieties grow between 6-18 inches tall, while highbush can be up to 4-6 feet fall. Plant bushes 4-6 feet apart.

Birds love blueberries, so some protection (such as netting over your plants) might be necessary to keep them away from the fruits. If you notice the leaves turning yellow or brown, the soil’s pH may be too high and the plant has become anemic; add some compost tea or elemental sulfur to remedy.

When to Harvest:
Blueberries should be firm and fall easily into your hand. Harvest in late summer. You should be able to harvest more every 5-10 days during peak production.

Average Yield:
Up to 10 lbs per plant!

Continuous Yield:

Life Cycle:

Difficulty Rating (1-5):

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Member Comments

Thank you Report
thanks... have mine in pots on the deck. Report
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blueberries, yum! Report
Something not mentioned is that high bush blueberries may take 5 or more years to establish themselves, they have shallow roots and do not like a lot of traffic around them. My patch of 10 high bush blueberries is now about 15 years old and in the last 5 years it has really come into it's own, I get several gallons off each plant now. But they have been fertilized, received additional acid which is very necessary, and pruned, also they are covered with a net while the berries are ripening. Report
Thanks, good to know that because I am trying to grow them. Report
Thanks, these are really helpful. Report


About The Author

Jenny Sigler
Jenny Sigler
Jenny is a stay-at-home mom to her young children, Augustine and Olive. An avid gardener and baker, she enjoys writing about health and childcare topics to empower people to make healthy choices. See all of Jenny's articles.