Fruit and Vegetable Gardening A-Z: Blueberries

Blueberries add something to the garden every season: tiny white-pink flowers in spring, beautiful blue fruits in the summer, and attractive foliage throughout the fall.

Hardiness Zones:
2-9 (Find your hardiness zone.)

When to Plant:
Plant blueberries in late fall if your area is warm; otherwise plant in late winter (February-March) when the soil can be worked. Blueberries will take 3 years before they fruit.

Blueberries require slightly acidic soil that is light and well drained, in an area that gets full sun.

Space Needed:
Lowbush varieties grow between 6-18 inches tall, while highbush can be up to 4-6 feet fall. Plant bushes 4-6 feet apart.

Birds love blueberries, so some protection (such as netting over your plants) might be necessary to keep them away from the fruits. If you notice the leaves turning yellow or brown, the soil’s pH may be too high and the plant has become anemic; add some compost tea or elemental sulfur to remedy.

When to Harvest:
Blueberries should be firm and fall easily into your hand. Harvest in late summer. You should be able to harvest more every 5-10 days during peak production.

Average Yield:
Up to 10 lbs per plant!

Continuous Yield:

Life Cycle:

Difficulty Rating (1-5):