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9/3/17 1:16 P

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Hi James! So is this a thread where discussions on T-2 will take place? I still have trouble figuring out Spark's way of doing forums, with so many gigantic threads lasting pages and pages -- speaking of the general "daily chat thread"...

Anyways, I tend to forget to come check here, but hopefully I will get better at it! I need a "home base" here on Spark...there are so many Teams that just dead, dead, dead.


Not all who wander are lost....they're just looking for their cuppa coffee

 current weight: 220.0 
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8/11/17 11:18 P

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Type-2 diabetes is where you produce insulin, but your cells are insulin resistant, so the insulin doesn't manage to get the blood sugar down by putting it into body cells.

Carbohydrates of all types (except fibre) raise blood sugar. Some may be more complex than simple sugar and get digested slower, but in the end will have a blood sugar impact.

Insulin is a hormone that helps get blood sugar out of the blood where it is not so good, and into cells. If you are exercising or physically active, then carbs will be used to fuel muscles with the help of insulin to get into the muscle cells. If you are not active, insulin will be helping those carbs get out of the blood, and into fat cells. Drugs like metformin make existing insulin more effective. So this lowers blood sugar, which is good, but it does so typically by storing the carbs into fat cells, so weight loss is harder.

Protein is a double edged sword. To a degree your body needs protein for muscle and other tissues, probably about 70 grams worth a day. More than that and your body doesn't need it for its structure, and it just decides to burn the excess as fuel. This process is called gluconeogenesis, which means the creation (genesis) of new (neo) glucose, in other words excess protein is like eating more carbs. But about 2 grams of excess protein of about 1 gram of carbs. Now there is some doubt about this, and I've done experiments on myself with a fair bit of protein powder and seen no change in blood sugar. But in any case more protein than about 70 grams isn't needed, and it is extra calories, and to eat 100 grams of protein a day, from real food is quite a bit of meat.

So as a type-2 diabetic check with your doctor. Type-2 diabetes test is basically this, when fasting measure your blood sugar, which should be 6.1 mmol/L or less, consume 75 grams of sugar, and 2 hours later your blood sugar should be 7.8 or less, up to 11.1 and you have impaired glucose tolerance, 11.1 and over then you have type-2 diabetes.

A slippery scale. So if you are 11.0, then technically you don't have diabetes. But just barely.

So how many carbs can a type-2 diabetic consume? It depends on one's personal carb tolerance. For Keto, diabetic or not, the upper limit is about 30 grams a day, and that is so low that it really has no impact on blood sugar. For Keto not too much protein, just enough.

Edited by: -JAMES- at: 8/12/2017 (09:45)

All time highest weight : 217 pounds

Starting weight : 195.0 pounds (June 7, 2012)
Final weight : 168.2 pounds (July 23, 2013)

 current weight: 178.5 
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