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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/11/19 10:08 P

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I see. Interesting.

Thanks for the explanation.

Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
~ Goethe

Dare to dream.
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PHEBESS's Photo PHEBESS Posts: 44,331
5/11/19 7:54 P

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She was an anti-war activist way back when - and Jewish - so as we were chatting, something came up about the current political situation in the US, and her escape from the Nazis came up. Well, and that she was fluent in German and French, and had travelled extensively. We were both looking at Thai silk scarves at the street fair.

She really was a trip!

"Dance as if no one is watching."


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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/11/19 3:56 P

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Curious, Phebe, how that came up in conversation.

I had a cousin who marvelled and said, "No matter where we start in our conversations, we always end up at the war."

Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
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5/11/19 3:37 P

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I met a lovely 84 yr old woman when we were in NYC, and she and I had a great long chat. (While standing outside at a street fair.)

She grew up in Luxembourg, and her father was somehow connected to some people who called when the Nazis cross the border into this tiny country. She said the family packed small bags and were on the road within half an hour.

She was pretty amazing.

"Dance as if no one is watching."


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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/11/19 3:21 P

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Thank you!

Without the photos, the obituary was a bit lost. When I cut and pasted it, the photos would not grab at the same time.

And Dr. Eliach made a point of not having the photos cropped. She wanted it to stand as it was, when it was taken.

Thanks, Eco.

Edited by: NUMD97 at: 5/11/2019 (15:24)
Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
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ECOAGE's Photo ECOAGE Posts: 12,523
5/11/19 2:30 P

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... show the world that we are normal people ...













It takes a long time to grow young. - P. Picasso

Gail
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ECOAGE's Photo ECOAGE Posts: 12,523
5/11/19 2:19 P

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Yaffa (Sonenson) Eliach
collection of photographs from her home town, the Lithuanian shtetl of Eishyshok, southwest of Vilna


Dr. Eliach stands amid her collection of photographs at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. (Yaffa Eliach Shtetl Collection/Associated Press)


A young Dr. Eliach feeds chickens on the day in 1941 when Germans occupied her town. (Yaffa Eliach Collection/The Shtetl Foundation/U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum)


A young Dr. Eliach with her father. (Yaffa Eliach Collection/The Shtetl Foundation/U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum)

It takes a long time to grow young. - P. Picasso

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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/11/19 5:07 A

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Funny, that grabbing it from the phone proved no obstacle. I don't understand why. Too bad that SP is so limited that the photos cannot be uploaded as well. The photos are very moving. And she was right: It shows typical ordinary everyday activities just like everybody else.

Edited by: NUMD97 at: 5/11/2019 (15:55)
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ECOAGE's Photo ECOAGE Posts: 12,523
5/10/19 7:12 P

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My list of quickly blocked news sources includes The Washington Post, The New York Times, & The Boston Globe ... as well as the local Lawrence Eagle-Tribune.


It takes a long time to grow young. - P. Picasso

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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/10/19 4:20 P

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Dr. Yaffa Eliach (from her obituary):

www.washingtonpost.com/world/
europe/ya
ffa-eliach-holocaust-survivor
-who-
revived-a-lost-town-in-photograph
s
-dies/2016/11/10/d2c0a448-a759-11e6-8<
BR>fc0-7be8f848c492_story.html?utm_ter
m=.20d6628366c5


Since this is from The Washington Post, I tried to copy the article in its entirety, but The Washington Post blocked me before I could. If any of you have a subscription, perhaps you can cut and paste it here. A most worthwhile read.

*********
Was able to cut and paste from my phone:

Europe

Yaffa Eliach, Holocaust survivor who revived a lost town in photographs, dies

Dr. Eliach stands amid her collection of photographs at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. (Yaffa Eliach Shtetl Collection/Associated Press)
By Emily Langer
November 10, 2016

Yaffa Eliach, a survivor and historian of the Holocaust who memorialized its victims not by recording their deaths but by remembering their lives in a massive photography collection that became a centerpiece of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, died Nov. 8 at her home in New York City.

She was 81 and had dementia, said her husband, David Eliach.

Among the 1,500 images displayed in the Holocaust Museum’s three-story “Tower of Faces” is one that depicts a bright-eyed girl in a gingham dress and surrounded by chickens, her face locked in a permanent expression of curious delight. The girl was Dr. Eliach. The photo was taken on the day in June 1941 when Germans occupied her home town, the Lithuanian shtetl of Eishyshok, southwest of Vilna.

Three months later, Nazi mobile killing units, called Einsatzgruppen, would descend upon the town and execute nearly its entire Jewish population of 3,500 in two days. Dr. Eliach, who was hiding with a Polish housekeeper, was one of 29 to survive.

Along with her parents, who also had evaded capture, she would later hide for a period in the attic of a carriage house. There, her infant brother was suffocated in an effort to muffle his cries when Germans entered the building. The family found refuge in a pit beneath a pigsty, where Dr. Eliach used the earthen wall as a chalkboard, learning the Hebrew alphabet.

A young Dr. Eliach feeds chickens on the day in 1941 when Germans occupied her town. (Yaffa Eliach Collection/The Shtetl Foundation/U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum)
Her father passed the time by telling her stories about the holidays, weddings and other happenings in the place that had been Eishyshok. Those stories were the ones she would seek to preserve after her liberation in 1944, and after her immigration to Israel and ultimate settlement in the United States.

As a professor at Brooklyn College, Dr. Eliach helped build the field of Holocaust studies in U.S. universities. But she forged perhaps her most lasting legacy through a 17-year odyssey that took her across the diaspora to collect photographs and other documentation of every Jew who lived in Eishyshok in the 20th century. She considered Eishyshok — now Eisiskes — the “paradigm of Eastern European shtetl life” that was extinguished by the Nazis.

“We have traditional symbols of the Holocaust — striped uniforms and cattle cars,” Dr. Eliach once told The Washington Post. But she did not see the victims “as bones and skulls, dehumanized prisoners without a name, hair or clothes. I wanted to show them going to school, skating, skiing, picking flowers.”

Because so few residents of Eishyshok survived, the search for their traces was an arduous undertaking. Dr. Eliach helped one man exhume photographs that he had buried in a tin in Israel. She located other photos in a former synagogue in Detroit.

Some photographs belonged to families so needy that they lent her their relics in exchange for medication or Reebok shoes. Dr. Eliach reportedly took out a loan on her life-insurance policy and spent $600,000 of her own money on the project.

“My family was very well to do in Eishyshok and the next day we had nothing,” she told the Canadian newspaper the Globe and Mail. “One day I was well dressed and the next I was drinking water from the lake and looking for something to eat. Money lost its importance in my life.”

Dr. Eliach reported that she found photographs of 98 percent of the Jews of Eishyshok. The collection became a principal exhibition at the Holocaust Museum in Washington after it opened in 1994.

A young Dr. Eliach with her father. (Yaffa Eliach Collection/The Shtetl Foundation/U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum)
Printed on enamel tiles, the images were installed in a tower that reaches from far below a footbridge up to a skylight from which sunlight pours down. Dr. Eliach insisted that no photo be cropped. The images capture people enjoying life — playing the accordion, smoking a cigarette, swinging in a hammock.

One photograph shows a woman and her sister-in-law, both named Shoshana. During the massacre, the first woman’s husband was permitted to choose one person, his wife or his sister, to be spared. He selected his wife. His sister died then; later, the couple died as well.

Dr. Eliach collected the images in “There Once Was a World: A 900-Year Chronicle of the Shtetl of Eishyshok” (1998), which became a finalist for the National Book Award. The title came from her father’s reaction to her ­project.

“At least the people, and perhaps even God, will remember,” he said, “that there once was a world filled with faith, Judaism and humanity.”

Yaffa Sonenson was born in Eishyshok — located in what was then Poland — on May 31, 1935, her husband said. Other sources reported the year of her birth as 1936 or 1937. Her maternal grandparents were professional ­photographers.

After the liberation of Eishyshok, according to Dr. Eliach, Polish partisans shot her mother and baby brother, an account that was challenged by some Polish American groups.

She settled in the United States and studied history, receiving a bachelor’s degree in 1967 and a master’s degree in 1969, both from Brooklyn College, and a PhD in 1973 from the City University of New York.

Her 1982 book, “Hasidic Tales of the Holocaust,” contained 89 stories of Holocaust victims finding what she described as “a glimmer of hope, a hint of laughter” amid their suffering.

Survivors include her husband of 63 years, David Eliach of New York City; a son, Rabbi Yotav Eliach of Woodmere, N.Y.; a daughter, Smadar Rosensweig of Queens, N.Y.; 14 grandchildren; and nine great-grandchildren.

In 1987, for the first time since World War II, Dr. Eliach returned to Eishyshok and visited the town’s mass grave.

“All the Jews in the town were buried there, but I didn’t feel like I was standing on a grave,” she told the Forward in 2003. “They were talking to me. They were saying, show the world that we are normal people!”

Edited by: NUMD97 at: 5/11/2019 (05:01)
Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
~ Goethe

Dare to dream.
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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/10/19 4:10 P

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That was one experience of many. But that particular memory fits this thread aptly.

Edited by: NUMD97 at: 5/10/2019 (16:23)
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SYLPHINPROGRESS's Photo SYLPHINPROGRESS SparkPoints: (107,191)
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5/10/19 3:11 P

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I'm glad you filled in the quotation, as it was on the tip of my tongue as "Save one life and you've saved the world." Whichever form, there's deeper meaning than always meets the eye at first reading.

The first time I gave much thought to the word "hero" in connection with "Mother" Clara Hale, who took care of a baby born addicted to drugs. Her small start turned into Hale House, a full operation to care for such newborns. She saw a need and just stepped in to work on it. It doesn't have to be a dangerous undertaking, though it often is. Such people are a separate category.

edited:
Nu, I just scrolled farther back and saw your and your mother's experience at the Yeshiva. If there can be more than one ultimate experience in a lifetime, that certainly was one.

Edited by: SYLPHINPROGRESS at: 5/10/2019 (15:22)
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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/10/19 2:55 P

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Well said, Sylph.

As the Talmud says, "He who saves one life, is to save the world entire."

Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
~ Goethe

Dare to dream.
~ Me


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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/10/19 2:53 P

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Eco, years ago, in the 1970s, I went to an event with my mother at the Avenue J Yeshiva, in Brooklyn. Yaffa Eliach was the head of their Holocaust Studies program. It must have been a Shoah event, because I clearly remember there was a young German Christian woman there who got up, burst into tears, and said she was "so sorry" for what her people caused. Without hesitation, my mother was the first to get up and reach her to comfort her, as did other Survivors, reassuring her that it was not her fault, and that she bears no responsibility for all that occurred back then.

That memory is seared in my brain. It was incredibly moving.

Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
~ Goethe

Dare to dream.
~ Me


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SYLPHINPROGRESS's Photo SYLPHINPROGRESS SparkPoints: (107,191)
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5/10/19 2:52 P

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The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity, established in part with money that accompanied his Nobel Prize, worked on behalf of all. I worked in the Foundation on an annual project (a student essay competition in ethics established by a Board member a few years before) for about six months in the early 1990s, and so was exposed to some of the activities. The one that stays in memory at all was the purchase of an ambulance to be given to a program in some troubled part of the world. The Foundation's stance on serving all in peril brings to mind the ADL. Along the way it expanded its work to all oppressed groups on the premise that, if you don't serve all, you serve none.

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ECOAGE's Photo ECOAGE Posts: 12,523
5/10/19 2:42 P

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I was surprised by my own strong mixed emotions watching some of the March of Life videos and hearing the grandchildren and great-grandchildren of Nazis ask for forgiveness for their family's roles and actions.

It takes a long time to grow young. - P. Picasso

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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/10/19 2:42 P

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I remember when they honored Sir Nicholas Winton about a year or so back. There were a few others who did similarly during WWII, who were in government positions to be able to do something.

Here's one example: Chiune Sugihara, the so-called "Japanese Schindler", who rescued 1,000 Jews.

www.timesofisrael.com/japans-schindl
er
-a-genuine-hero-tangled-in-a-web-of-R>myth/


I always find it telling when a video like this is posted, which shows the breadth of some people's humanity, that there are a handful of commenters that will find something negative to say.

Edited by: NUMD97 at: 5/10/2019 (17:06)
Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
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5/10/19 2:32 P

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Sir Nicholas' name is new to me. It's difficult to catch a breath watching the link and some of the videos that follow. He is the definition of "hero." What might he have thought and felt when learning of the lives and the life that "his" children made?

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5/10/19 2:25 P

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Elie Wiesel felt as a Survivor, he had a moral responsibility to speak out wherever genocide was taking place in more modern times.

About Wiesel's activism:

thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/poli
ti
cs/427127-we-must-do-more-than-simplR>y-remember-the-holocaust


Besides we, the Second Generation (and now even the Third and Fourth Generation), who attend Yom Hashoah memorials, who will be the standard bearers after we all are gone?

Edited by: NUMD97 at: 5/10/2019 (14:30)
Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
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ECOAGE's Photo ECOAGE Posts: 12,523
5/10/19 1:46 P

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Story of Nicholas Winton
BBC That's life - Short version
www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKkgO06bAZk

It takes a long time to grow young. - P. Picasso

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5/10/19 10:30 A

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The legacy of the Nazi descendents is incredibly horrific. Here's an example: Bettina Goering, Hermann Goering's grandniece, who she resembles, had herself sterilized (her brother did, too). Goering was Hitler's "heir apparent". Bettina Goering and her brother wanted their line to end with them. She currently lives in New Mexico.

Here is an interview she gave a few years back to "The Atlantic":

www.theatlantic.com/international/ar
ch
ive/2013/10/an-interview-with-nazi-lR>eader-hermann-goerings-great-niece/280579/


Edited by: NUMD97 at: 5/10/2019 (17:08)
Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
~ Goethe

Dare to dream.
~ Me


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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/10/19 10:26 A

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Why would you doubt it, Mark? The Holocaust in and of itself, because of its magnitude speaks for itself. Oftentimes, the simplest of stories are the most affecting.

Or, as my mother used to say, "Everyone who came out of Europe, has a story."

And we have many of ours.

Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
~ Goethe

Dare to dream.
~ Me


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SYLPHINPROGRESS's Photo SYLPHINPROGRESS SparkPoints: (107,191)
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5/10/19 7:16 A

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Most affecting. Wanting to see what note may have been posted by the party that put up the video, I also looked at the first several viewers' comments. The one that stood out is, "I wish my grandma was here to see this. My bright-eyed Bergen-Belsen survivor."&#65279;

I have never attended a Yom Hashoah event and am sorry that I just missed the opportunity days ago. Next year for sure.

LAURIE, NYC

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BOSS61's Photo BOSS61 Posts: 6,607
5/10/19 6:32 A

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Wow. Just wow.

Memories of the family tale (one of those doubtlessly embellished over the years) of how Cousin Hans visited his own hometown, in April 1945 and behind the wheel of an American tank, and required people he knew as a child to say the Mourner's Kaddish (incuding, as the tale was told and retold, the principal of his high school). Maybe elements of that one were sort of true? We'll never know

"Some day we will look back on this, and it will all seem funny" - Bruce Springsteen (The real BOSS, as opposed to me.)





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GWYNANNE1's Photo GWYNANNE1 Posts: 3,388
5/10/19 6:30 A

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very interesting my husband watched it with me

NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/10/19 1:55 A

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Read the comments. They are equally moving.

Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
~ Goethe

Dare to dream.
~ Me


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PHEBESS's Photo PHEBESS Posts: 44,331
5/10/19 1:42 A

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Wow. Just, wow.

"Dance as if no one is watching."


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NUMD97's Photo NUMD97 Posts: 9,996
5/10/19 1:17 A

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In commemoration of Yom Hashoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day), I came across the following video, quite by accident. Really gave me goosebumps:

m.youtube.com/watch?v=T885WA_PGJI

Knowing is not enough. We must apply. Willing is not enough. We must do.
~ Goethe

Dare to dream.
~ Me


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