Catechism in a Year
Tuesday, April 10, 2018
110. What is the meaning of the Transfiguration?
Above all the Transfiguration shows forth the Trinity: "the Father in the voice, the Son in the man Jesus, the Spirit in the shining cloud" (Saint Thomas Aquinas). Speaking with Moses and Elijah about his "departure" (Luke 9:31), Jesus reveals that his glory comes by way of the cross and he anticipates his resurrection and his glorious coming "which will change our lowly body to be like his glorious body" (Philippians 3:21).
"You were transfigured on the mountain and your disciples, as much as they were capable of it, beheld your glory, O Christ our God, so that when they should see you crucified they would understand that your passion was voluntary, and proclaim to the world that you truly are the splendor of the Father." (Byzantine Liturgy)
Further reading: CCC 554-556, 568
111. How did the messianic entrance into Jerusalem come about?
At the established time Jesus chose to go up to Jerusalem to suffer his passion and death, and to rise from the dead. As the Messiah King who shows forth the coming of the Kingdom, he entered into his city mounted on a donkey. He was acclaimed by the little children whose shout of joyful praise is taken up in the Sanctus of the Eucharistic liturgy: "Blessed is He Who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna (save us!)" (Matthew 21:9). The liturgy of the Church opens Holy Week by celebrating this entry into Jerusalem.
"Jesus Christ suffered under Pontius Pilate
was crucified, died, and was buried."
Further reading: CCC 557-560, 569-570
These excerpts are from the Compendium of the CCC