Just wanted to give an update. I saw my doctor last week, and he is very happy, and so am I!
Since April, my fasting glucose improved from 143 to 116, my hemoglobin a1c improved from 7.1 to 6.4, my total cholesterol improved from 229 to 140, and my LDL (bad) cholesterol improved from 162 to 84. I also lost 10 pounds since that visit.
So my glucose readings are back down from the diabetes range to the prediabetes range again. I asked my doctor what my hemoglobin a1c goal is, and he said anything under 7 is good, but get as close to 6 as you can.
The cholesterol improved because I started a statin. I also increased my metformin, and that helped with the glucose and hemoglobin a1c.
The biggest thing I did to improve my diet was that I bought a glucose meter. (I found an inexpensive meter and test strips on Amazon.) I test before I eat a meal, and then two hours after the first bite, and see how much that particular meal increases my blood sugar. I keep track of the numbers and what I ate on the SparkPeople nutrition tracker. This way, I can see how many carbs are too many, that result in a high glucose number. (I consider any number over 140 to be high, and any number under 140 to be okay.) After doing this a few weeks, I made a list of "safe" meals that I no longer have to test before and after. For example, a salad with some chicken or a hard boiled egg never raised my blood sugar above 140, so I don't test when I eat that meal now.
I found that I really have to watch carbs at breakfast, more than any other time of day. I limit my breakfast to under 25 grams carbs, and I'm fine in that range. Later in the day I can have 30 to 40 grams of carbs in a meal and be okay. I try to keep my total daily carbs to between 100 and 120 grams. I also try to eat protein any time I have a meal or a snack, as I've learned that helps me feel full and helps with the blood sugar too.
My biggest food "find" was that I found a very, very thin rye bread that I like. It's called Arnold Real Jewish Rye Melba Thin. One slice has only 55 calories and 10.5 carb grams. It's great for a piece of toast with eggs for breakfast, or two slices for a sandwich for lunch, or a slice with some peanut butter for a snack. It is so thin you can almost see through it, but it satisfies my bread craving and works with my carb limits.
I've also been walking a lot more and drinking more water, so that has helped with the weight loss.
Just wanted to share what's helped me lately. I see the doctor again in three months, so I'll post those numbers then. I wish all my SparkFriends the best of luck on their plans and their journeys!