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Russian Cosmonaut Day

Saturday, April 12, 2014

Russian Cosmonaut Day

When: always on April 12.

Russian astronaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space on April 12, 1961 aboard Vostok 1. He spent 108 minutes in space. This day was decreed by the USSR's Supreme Council on April 9th, 1962.

This flight marked the beginning of the space race. While Russia (then the USSR), put the first man in space, The United States went on to be the first to put a man on the moon.


Man in Space Firsts

Astronaut and Cosmonaut Statistics

This Day in History April 12

King Edwin of Northumbria is converted to Christianity by Paulinus, bishop of York. (627)

The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade breach the walls of Constantinople and enter the city, which they completely occupy the following day. (1204)

The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of English and Scottish ships. (1606)

American Revolution: With the Halifax Resolves, the North Carolina Provincial Congress authorizes its Congressional delegation to vote for independence from Britain. (1776)

Soldiers marching on the Broughton Suspension Bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse. (1831)

American Civil War: The war begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. (1861)

American Civil War: The Andrews Raid (the Great Locomotive Chase) occurs, starting from Big Shanty, Georgia (now Kennesaw). (1862)

American Civil War: The Fort Pillow massacre: Confederate forces kill most of the African American soldiers that surrendered at Fort Pillow, Tennessee. (1864)

American Civil War: Mobile, Alabama, falls to the Union Army. (1865)

World War I: Canadian forces successfully complete the taking of Vimy Ridge from the Germans. (1917)

April 12 Incident: Chiang Kai-shek orders the Communist Party of China members executed in Shanghai, ending the First United Front. (1927)

The Bremen, a German Junkers W33 type aircraft, takes off for the first successful transatlantic aeroplane flight from east to west. (1928)

The strongest surface wind gust in the world at 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire. (1934)

The U.S. Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers. (1934)

Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, at Rugby, England. (1937)

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office; vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President. (1945)

The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective. (1955)

The Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to travel into outer space and perform the first manned orbital flight, in Vostok 3KA-2 (Vostok 1). (1961)

The Soviet nuclear-powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish straits. (1963)

Soviet submarine K-8, carrying four nuclear torpedoes, sinks in the Bay of Biscay four days after a fire on board. (1970)

The first launch of a Space Shuttle (Columbia) takes place - the STS-1 mission. (1981)

The Euro Disney Resort officially opens with its theme park Euro Disneyland. The resort and its park's name are subsequently changed to Disneyland Paris. (1992)

US President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving "intentionally false statements" in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit. (1999)

A female suicide bomber blows herself up at the entrance to Jerusalem's Mahane Yehuda open-air market, killing 7 and wounding 104. (2002)

A suicide bomber penetrates the Green Zone and detonates in a cafeteria within a parliament building, killing Iraqi MP Mohammed Awad and wounding more than twenty other people. (2007)
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