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International Earth Day

Thursday, March 20, 2014

International Earth Day

When : Always on Vernal Equinox

International Earth Day was initiated to make earth inhabitants aware of their responsibility to care for the planet. This care includes environmental and natural resources. International Earth Day was founded by John McConnell, of Davis City, Iowa. In September, 1969, he proposed the establishment of Earth Day to the San Francisco, California Board of Supervisors. After approval, he gained support from many others, including then UN General Secretary, U Thant.

In 1970, McConnell wrote an Earth Day Proclamation which was ultimately signed by UN Secretary General U Thant on March 21, 1971.

This day is also called Sun-Earth Day.

Important Note: International Earth Day is different from the U.S. Earth Day. (April 22)

More Information:

NASA's International Earth Day Site

International Earth Day Site

This Day in History March 20

The Dutch East India Company is established. (1602)

Sir Walter Raleigh is freed from the Tower of London after 13 years of imprisonment. (1616)

The "Great Fire" of Boston, Massachusetts, destroys 349 buildings. (1760)

After escaping from Elba, Napoleon enters Paris with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his "Hundred Days" rule. (1815)

Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published. (1852)

The Republican Party of the United States is organized in Ripon, Wisconsin. (1854)

Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity. (1916)

The USS Langley (CV-1) is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier. (1922)

The Arts Club of Chicago hosts the opening of Pablo Picasso's first United States showing, entitled Original Drawings by Pablo Picasso, becoming an early proponent of modern art in the United States. (1923)

Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida's electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against President-Elect Franklin D. Roosevelt. (1933)

Reichsf├╝hrer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the creation of Dachau Concentration Camp as Chief of Police of Munich and appointed Theodor Eicke as the camp commandant. (1933)

World War II: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: "I came out of Bataan and I shall return". (1942)

With a Musicians Union ban lifted, the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are given on CBS and NBC. (1948)

The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan. (1952)

Ian Ball attempts, but fails, to kidnap Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace, London. (1974)

Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the 1,135-mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race. (1985)

Canadian paraplegic athlete and humanitarian Rick Hansen begins his circumnavigation of the globe in a wheelchair in the name of spinal cord injury medical research. (1985)

The Food and Drug Administration approves the anti-AIDS drug, AZT. (1987)

A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 13 and wounds 1,300 persons. (1995)

Legoland California, the only Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California. (1999)

Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after murdering Georgia sheriff's deputy Ricky Kinchen and critically wounding Deputy Aldranon English. (2000)

2003 invasion of Iraq: In the early hours of the morning, the United States and three other countries (the UK, Australia and Poland) begin military operations in Iraq. (2003)
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