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National Aviation Day

Monday, August 19, 2013

National Aviation Day

When : Always August 19th

National Aviation Day is in honor of the birthday of aviator Orville Wright.

The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, were pioneer aviators in the United States. Orville was the first person to successfully fly an airplane. His first flight was December 17, 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. This inaugural flight was soon to change the skies forever.

It's heavier than air, and it flies! National Aviation Day honors the accomplishments of Orville and Wilbur Wright. It is sometimes called Wright Brother's Day. To a lesser degree, National Aviation Day sometimes honors other early aviation and space pioneers. This day was selected, as it is Orville Wrights's birthday. (August 19, 1871)

Origin of National Aviation Day:
This special day was created by a presidential proclamation by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1939.

This Day in History August 19th

The "Samlesbury witches", three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England, are put on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft, one of the most famous witch trials in British history. (1612)

Second Anglo-Dutch War: Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire". (1666)

Salem witch trials: in Salem, Massachusetts, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted of witchcraft. (1692)

American Revolutionary War: Battle of Blue Licks – the last major engagement of the war, almost ten months after the surrender of the British commander Charles Cornwallis following the Siege of Yorktown. (1782)

War of 1812: American frigate USS Constitution defeats the British frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada earning the nickname "Old Ironsides". (1812)

The French government announces that Louis Daguerre's photographic process is a gift "free to the world". (1839)

California Gold Rush: the New York Herald breaks the news to the East Coast of the United States of the gold rush in California (although the rush started in January). (1848)

American Indian Wars: during an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily-defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way. (1862)

American Frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas. (1895)

First automobile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway takes place. (1909)

Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom. (1909)

The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio. (1934)

The creation of the position Führer is approved by the German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote. (1934)

First flight of the B-25 Mitchell medium bomber. (1940)

World War II: Operation Jubilee – the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division leads an amphibious assault by allied forces on Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, France and fails, many Canadians are killed or captured. The operation was intended to develop and try new amphibious landing tactics for the coming full invasion in Normandy. (1942)

World War II: Liberation of Paris – Paris, France rises against German occupation with the help of Allied troops. (1944)

August Revolution: Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam. (1945)

Cold War: The CIA and MI6 help to overthrow the government of Mohammad Mosaddegh in Iran and reinstate the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. (1953)

Cold War: in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union, downed American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage. (1960)

Sputnik program: Korabl-Sputnik 2 – the Soviet Union launches the satellite with the dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of plants. (1960)

Gulf of Sidra Incident: United States fighters intercept and shoot down two Libyan Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets over the Gulf of Sidra. (1981)

Hungerford massacre: in the United Kingdom, Michael Ryan kills sixteen people with an assault rifle and then commits suicide. (1987)

Raid on offshore pirate station, Radio Caroline in the North Sea by British and Dutch governments. (1989)

Several hundred East Germans cross the frontier between Hungary and Austria during the Pan-European Picnic, part of the events which began the process of the Fall of the Berlin Wall. (1989)

Dissolution of the Soviet Union, August Coup: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is placed under house arrest while on holiday in the town of Foros, Ukraine. (1991)

Crown Heights riot: Black groups target Hasidic Jews on the streets of Crown Heights in New York, New York during 3 days, after 2 black kids were struck by a car driven by a Hasidic man. (1991)

A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sérgio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees. (2003)

A Hamas planned suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem, Israel kills 23 Israelis, 7 of them children in the Shmuel HaNavi bus bombing. (2003)

A series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others. (2009)

Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait. (2010)
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