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Test Your Type 2 Diabetes IQ

Quiz by Nicole Nichols, Health Educator
Type 2 diabetes is preventable and treatable, but it can cause serious health consequences if left uncontrolled. Find out how much you know about the causes and management of type 2 diabetes.

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1   What is the role of insulin in the body?


Explanation:
Under normal circumstances, the glucose (sugar) levels in your blood rise after you eat. In response, the body produces a hormone called insulin, which helps the body convert the glucose in your bloodstream into usable energy.

1   What do all three types of diabetes (type 1, type 2, gestational) have in common?


Explanation:
If insulin isn’t available, or if the body isn’t using it correctly, a person's blood glucose will remain elevated. The latter describes diabetes mellitus, a serious health condition that affects millions of people. There are actually three variations of this disease, but all are characterized by abnormally high levels of glucose in the bloodstream. Learn more about the similarities and differences between all three Types of Diabetes.

1   Insulin resistance occurs in the early stages of type 2 diabetes. What does "insulin resistance" mean?


Explanation:
In the early stages of type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still manufactures insulin, but for some reason the cells of the body are not using it properly—a condition known as insulin resistance. In response, the pancreas produces more and more insulin, wearing itself out and eventually losing its ability to produce insulin completely after a few years. Just like type 1 diabetes, high levels of blood glucose result, making it difficult for the body to use this glucose as fuel.

1   True or False: Most diabetics have type 2 diabetes.


Explanation:
Between 90% and 95% of diabetes cases are type 2. Learn The Causes Type 2 Diabetes.

1   True or False: Type 2 diabetics are dependent on insulin.


Explanation:
Type 2 diabetics are "non-insulin-dependent," whereas type 1 diabetics are "insulin-dependent."

1   Which action can help prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes?


Explanation:
There are many ways to prevent this form of diabetes. Eating a healthy diet and getting sensible amounts of physical activity to achieve and maintain a healthy weight can help prevent it. Contrary to popular belief, eating too much sugar does not cause type 2 diabetes. Read more about Pre-Diabetes and preventing type 2 diabetes.

1   True or False: People can have type 2 diabetes and show no symptoms.


Explanation:
Some people with type 2 diabetes won't show any symptoms. But for others, symptoms appear gradually. Common symptoms include increased thirst, increased urination, weight loss, blurred vision and fatigue. Other signs include frequent infections and slow-healing wounds.

1   Which of the following options will NOT help type 2 diabetics control their blood sugar?


Explanation:
People with type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose levels by: losing excess weight, exercising regularly, following a healthy diet (as designed by a registered dietitian or certified diabetes educator) and using medication prescribed by their doctors. Diabetics are encouraged to eat more fiber (25-50 grams daily) to help control blood sugar levels. They are also encouraged to consume less saturated fat. However, this is because diabetics are at increased risk for other diseases (like heart disease), not because saturated fat affects blood glucose levels (which is does not).

1   If left uncontrolled, diabetes can lead to:


Explanation:
Diabetes is a disease that can be prevented in most cases and treated successfully in the rest. But improper management of this disease can cause serious complications in many different areas of the body. If you have diabetes or are at risk for developing it, here is a head-to-toe list of its potential complications, and suggestions to prevent them from happening to you.

1   Which of the following is NOT a good nutrition strategy for type 2 diabetics?


Explanation:
While all of these other strategies are important for diabetics, eating fats at every meal or snack is not. Certain fats can enhance health, and fat can also slow carbohydrate absorption, preventing spikes in blood sugar. But diabetics need to watch their fat intake and keep it at moderate levels. Therefore, eating fat at every meal and snack is typically not advised. Eating Well with Type 2 Diabetes offers more tips.


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