True or False: Osteoarthritis most often affects the wrists and elbows.
Explanation: The joints of the fingers, spine, hips and knees, are most often affected by osteoarthritis, but symptoms (pain, stiffness, swelling and tenderness) can also occur in the shoulders, elbows, wrists and ankles.
Who is most likely to experience osteoarthritis?
A man over 65
A woman over 65
A 25-year-old distance runner
Explanation: Osteoarthritis usually occurs in older people (although it can afflict young adults who experience joint injuries). Almost all people over 65 show some signs of developing osteoarthritis, and by age 70, nearly every person will have this condition. However, symptoms of osteoarthritis commonly begin between the ages of 30 and 40. Before age 45, osteoarthritis occurs more often in men, but after age 45, osteoarthritis is more common in women.
True or False: Defective genes for osteoarthritis may be passed down from parent to child.
Explanation: You are more likely to develop osteoarthritis if one or both of your parents had the condition. Research suggests that defective genes, which cause deterioration of the joint, can be passed down from parent to child.
Which of the following actions can cause osteoarthritis to develop?
A - Heavy physical labor
B - Playing sports
C - Repeatedly injuring a joint
D - A one-time joint injury
All of the above
A, B and C only
A and C only
Explanation: Joint injuries or overuse, whether from physical labor, sports, or repetitive injury, can increase the risk for developing osteoarthritis. Even a single injury to a joint can result in the development of osteoarthritis many years later. Read The Causes of Osteoarthritis for more information.
With each step you take, how much force do your knees and hips experience?
The weight of your body
2-3 times your body weight
4-6 times your body weight
Explanation: Every time you take a step, the force on your knees and hips equals two to three times your body weight! Climbing down steps will increase the pressure on your knees and hips by six-fold—that's 900 pounds of pressure for a person who weights just 150 pounds. Your risk of developing osteoarthritis generally increases with the amount of weight that your joints have to bear. Once osteoarthritis has developed, being overweight exacerbates the condition. Your SparkDiet can help you lose the extra pounds safely and permanently.
True or False: You can develop osteoarthritis by being physically inactive or physically overactive.
Explanation: You are more likely to develop osteoarthritis if you are physically inactive or physically overactive. A lack of exercise weakens muscles and bones, decreasing flexibility and support at the joints, which eventually leads to pain and stiffness. At the same time, over-exercising can also be harmful to the joints. Stick with moderate exercise to strengthen the joints, decrease pain and improve range of motion. Read Managing Arthritis with Exercise to get started.
Which of the following foods may help reduce your risk of osteoarthritis?
A - Flaxseeds
B - Pumpkin seeds
C - Hempseeds
D - Salmon
E - Safflower oil
All of the above
A, B, C and D only
A and D only
Explanation: A diet low in omega-3 fatty acids (the good-for-you fats, from foods like flaxseeds, pumpkin seeds, hempseeds, and salmon) and high in unhealthy fats (corn, safflower and cottonseed oils, fatty meats, high-fat dairy products, saturated fat and trans fats) may contribute to your risk of developing osteoarthritis. Healthy omega-3's reduce joint inflammation while unhealthy fats can increase it. Read Foods that Fight Osteoarthritis for more information.
Of adults with arthritis, how many take part in a regular exercise program?
Explanation: According to a study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, adults with arthritis aren't exercising enough. According to researchers, more than one-third of adults with arthritis do not exercise at all, and people with arthritis are less likely than people without arthritis to meet recommended levels of physical activity (30 minutes of moderate activity most days of the week). Exercise is an important part of an arthritis management program. To learn more, read Managing Arthritis with Exercise.
According to recent research, which of the following supplements are helpful to people with osteoarthritis?
Cod liver oil
All of the above
None of the above
Explanation: The supplements listed here show little or mixed results for helping people with osteoarthritis. Many of these lack credible research for safety and effectiveness. However, some supplements do show promise. To learn more, read Dietary Supplements for Osteoarthritis and discuss the options with your doctor.
True or False: With proper treatment, osteoarthritis is curable.
Explanation: Osteoarthritis is a long-lasting condition that usually gets worse slowly over time. However, treatment plans and lifestyle changes can help reduce pain and discomfort and maintain joint function. Learn more about treatment options in our A-Z Guide to Osteoarthritis.
SparkPeople, SparkCoach, SparkPages, SparkPoints, SparkDiet, SparkAmerica, SparkRecipes, DailySpark, and other marks are trademarks of SparkPeople, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
SPARKPEOPLE is a registered trademark of SparkPeople, Inc. in the United States, European Union, Canada, and Australia. All rights reserved.