8-10 (Find your hardiness zone.)
When to Plant:
If you are starting these from seeds, start them indoors in January or February. Most people opt to buy starter plants from a nursery or home improvement store. Bring them outdoors after all threat of frost has passed.
Peppers require full sun and a nutrient-enriched soil that is well drained.
Space plants about 12-18 inches apart and in rows 2 feet apart. Some pepper plants, such as bell peppers, can grow several feet tall; other pepper plants, such as jalapenos, are smaller in stature.
All pepper plants require staking. Peppers have moderate water requirements, but don't overwater them. Do not over-fertilize. Be careful when handling some hot peppers as they can burn your skin!
When to Harvest:
Harvest time varies for each variety, so consult your seed packet. Most sweet peppers are ready in 60-90 days; hot peppers can take up to 150 days. Peppers start out green in color, later turning yellow, orange and/or red when left on the vine longer. Pick them according to your desired color and size.
Each plant can yield up to 2 pounds of peppers per season.
Difficulty Rating (1-5):
Fruit and Vegetable Gardening A-Z: Peppers
A Guide to Gardening, Growing and Harvesting Edibles
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