Health A-Z

Medical Content Created by the Faculty of the Harvard Medical School



To help reduce your risk of anal cancer:

  • Practice safe sex. The best way to lower your risk of anal cancer is to avoid sexual behaviors that might expose you to HPV and HIV infections.

    • Use condoms to protect against sexually transmitted diseases.

    • Limit your number of sexual partners.

  • HPV vaccine. A new vaccine helps guard against some forms of HPV linked to cervical cancer. Doctors hope that this vaccine could also protect against anal and other cancers.

  • Don't smoke. Avoiding smoking can reduce your risk of developing anal cancer.

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From Health A-Z, Harvard Health Publications. Copyright 2007 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Written permission is required to reproduce, in any manner, in whole or in part, the material contained herein. To make a reprint request, contact Harvard Health Publications. Used with permission of StayWell.

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