Tumors of the adrenal gland are classified as either functioning or nonfunctioning:
The symptoms associated with functioning adrenocortical tumors vary. They depend on which hormones are overproduced and on the patient's age.
Cortisol helps the body use sugar, protein, and fats. Having too much of this hormone may cause
Some of these symptoms are also characteristic of Cushing syndrome. This noncancerous condition affects the pituitary gland in the brain.
Aldosterone helps control the balance of water and salts in the kidney. Having too much of this hormone may lead to
Androgens and estrogen are hormones that help develop and maintain sex characteristics that distinguish males and females.The major androgen is testosterone. Women with too much testosterone may have
Women who have too much estrogen may experience
Men with too much estrogen may have
In children, the symptoms are different. An adrenal tumor that produces male sex hormones can cause
A tumor that secretes female sex hormones in children can set off
Some patients experience symptoms when the tumor grows and presses on nearby organs and tissues. This may be felt as a lump or pain near the tumor, fullness in the belly, or trouble with eating or weight loss.
If you or your child has these symptoms, discuss them with your doctor right away.
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