About one-third of all hysterectomies are done because the uterus is enlarged with fibroids, which are benign (noncancerous) growths of muscle fibers in the uterus. About one of 10 hysterectomies are done to treat uterine cancer, and about one of 20 of the surgeries are done because of severe menstrual bleeding problems. Hysterectomies also are used to treat a prolapsed uterus, endometrial hyperplasia (abnormal growth of the uterine lining which may lead to cancer) or endometriosis.
Uterine polyps are almost always benign. In rare instances, hysterectomy might be the best option for removal.