Health A-Z

Medical Content Created by the Faculty of the Harvard Medical School



Most often, men notice a painless swelling or hardening of a testicle. It may be hard on one side, but not the other. Sometimes, men notice a painful lump in the scrotum.

Men also may notice breast enlargement. Rarely, a milky fluid may come out of the nipple. These two symptoms occur when the tumor affects the secretion of male hormones.

Less common symptoms include

  • a lump in the neck

  • back pain that doesn't go away

  • shortness of breath

  • coughing up blood.

These less common symptoms tend to appear after the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

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From Health A-Z, Harvard Health Publications. Copyright 2007 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Written permission is required to reproduce, in any manner, in whole or in part, the material contained herein. To make a reprint request, contact Harvard Health Publications. Used with permission of StayWell.

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