How long aplastic anemia lasts depends on its cause, the severity of the disease, the age of the patient, and the response to therapy. For example, aplastic anemia often is a short-term condition when it develops as a result of certain types of drug exposure, pregnancy, infectious mononucleosis or low-dose radiation. However, it often is a long-term problem when the cause is unknown, or when it develops as a result of hepatitis, certain toxins (benzene, solvents, insecticides), certain medications, high-dose radiation, or autoimmune disease.
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