Health A-Z

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Harvard Medical School

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Prevention

Most primary liver cancer can be prevented. Here are some things you can do:

  • To minimize the risk of being infected with a hepatitis virus:

    • Get vaccinated against hepatitis B.

    • Do not have unprotected sex. Use a latex or polyurethane condom.

    • Wear latex gloves when handling items that have been in contact with someone else's blood or bodily fluids.

    • Don't share personal items such as razors, toothbrushes or earrings.

    • Make sure needles used for body piercing or tattoos are properly sterilized.

  • Limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than two drinks per day to decrease your risk of cirrhosis.

Other healthy lifestyle choices may also decrease your risk of developing liver cancer:

  • Maintain a healthy body weight.

  • Eat a diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables.

  • Exercise regularly.

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From Health A-Z, Harvard Health Publications. Copyright 2007 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Written permission is required to reproduce, in any manner, in whole or in part, the material contained herein. To make a reprint request, contact Harvard Health Publications. Used with permission of StayWell.

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