Treatment for hemolytic anemia depends on its cause and severity.
People with more severe forms of thalassemia require repeated blood transfusions. Some may be candidates for a bone marrow transplant.
Sickle cell anemia may be treated with:
People with severe, chronic hemolytic anemia, especially those with sickle cell anemia or thalassemia, may require multiple blood transfusions. The iron in hemoglobin can accumulate in the body, causing iron overload and organ damage. Drugs called iron chelators, which bind the iron and enhance the body's removal of iron, help prevent organ damage from iron overload.
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