Here are some recipes I use that are safe:
Basic Garden Spray (Makes one gallon)
Separate garlic cloves from one whole bulb and place in a blender with 2 onions, 6 jalapeño or cayenne peppers and 2 cups warm water. Blend and add to one gallon of hot water. Cover and let steep for 2-4 hours. Strain mixture through a double layer of cheesecloth or an old piece of pantyhose. Using a funnel pour into a plastic milk jug and add 2 tbsp. Murphy’s Oil soap and 2 tablespoons vegetable oil. Apply with a hand-held or 1 gallon capacity garden mister/sprayer.
This works well on roses to deter Japanese beetles and can also be used on vegetables. (best to avoid leafy greens such as lettuce) To make this spray combine ½ cup cayenne peppers and ½ cup jalapeno peppers with 1 gallon of water and let simmer for about 15-20 minutes. (Do NOT boil and keep pan covered to avoid fumes!) Let mixture cool and strain. Add ½ teaspoon dish soap and apply with a hand-held sprayer.
Citrus Spray (Makes one quart)
This one smells great, but caterpillars hate it! Place one cup of any chopped citrus fruit peels (orange, lemon, lime or grapefruit) in a blender and add ½ cup of boiling water. Liquefy and let sit overnight at room temperature. Strain through cheesecloth or a coffee filter and pour liquid into a hand-held mister/sprayer. Add water to sprayer and apply to plants. (If you add a tablespoon of baby shampoo or dish soap it will repel aphids on roses. Spray and repeat after four days.)
Slug Bait (Makes one gallon)
Pour a one pound package of brown sugar, ½ package of dry yeast and water in a one gallon container. (we use empty milk jugs) Let the mixture sit for two days, uncovered. Pour into slug traps (can be purchased at garden centers or catalogs or visit resource list at end of post) or use shallow pans or dishes set slightly below soil level.
Natural Methods of Disease Control
Mildew Control (Makes one gallon)
Cucumbers, melons and some varieties of squash are susceptible to powdery mildew or downy mildew. (Powdery mildew first appears as circular, whitish spots on leaves and downy mildew causes yellowish brown spots on upper surfaces) Eventually a white powder will cover the entire leaf surfaces. Remove afflicted plant parts and burn. (Do Not compost them) Then spray your plants from top to bottom with a mixture of 4 tablespoons baking soda, 2 tablespoons Murphy’s Oil soap and 1 gallon of water in a hand-held sprayer. It’s best to do this whenever the weather is damp and humid before mildew strikes, or at the first sign of it.
Fungus Spray (Makes one gallon)
Mix 4 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar, ½ teaspoons dish soap and 1 gallon of water together. Apply with a hand-held mister/sprayer in the morning so plants have time to dry off. Reapply after rainy, damp weather.
Rust Spray (Makes one gallon)
For plants that are prone to rust, spray this solution once weekly to help control this problem. Combine 3 tablespoons liquid kelp, 2 tablespoons of baking soda, 6 tablespoons of vegetable oil and one gallon of water and apply early in the day to allow plants to dry before nightfall.
Natural Herbicide (Makes one quart)
Since weeds contribute to insect problems I thought to add this chemical-free spray recipe to help keep them under control. Most of us appreciate all the help we can get when it comes to eliminating weeds in and around our gardens. (Avoid spraying nearby plants!) Mix 1 tbsp. vinegar, 1 tbsp. of gin, 1 tsp. dish soap and 1 quart very warm water (but NOT boiling). Apply with a mister/sprayer.
Edited by: IAM_HIS2 at: 8/24/2012 (19:51)
| current weight: 169.0