this is from the Australian Kidney Foundation
Most recent data from Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant (ANZDATA) Registry shows:
2,337 people started kidney replacement therapy (dialysis or transplant) in 2009
The number of people on dialysis increased by 3% from 2008 to 2009 and has averaged a 6% growth rate per year over the past decade
Although Indigenous Australians represent less than 2.5% of the national population, they account for approximately 10% of people commencing kidney replacement therapy
22% of people who begin kidney replacement therapy are referred ‘late’ to a nephrologist i.e. less than 3 months before beginning kidney replacement therapy
In Australia late referral is more common among people of Pacific Island (33%), Indigenous Australian (32%), Maori (30%), or Asian (25%) heritage compared with the Caucasoid population (23%)
A total of 10,341 people were receiving dialysis treatment at the end of 2009
23% were receiving dialysis at a hospital, 34% were dialysing at home and 47% in satellite centres.
Home dialysis includes:
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (8% of all dialysis)
automated peritoneal dialysis (12% of all dialysis)
home haemodialysis (9% of all dialysis)
Rates of home haemodialysis range from 14% in NSW to 2% in SA
As at 31 December 2009, 11% (1,105) of the 10,341 people receiving dialysis were on the transplant waiting list, but typically only 6% receive a transplant each year
58% of the people on the waiting list are aged between 45 and 64 years, and 80% are waiting for their first transplant
The average waiting time for a transplant is about 4 years but waits of up to 7 years are not uncommon.
On average one Australian dies each week while waiting for a transplant
The survival rate following a kidney transplant is high - 98% of recipients are alive at 1 year, and 88% are alive at 5 years
In 2010, Australia had a deceased organ donation rate of 13.8 donors per million population (pmp)
There were 309 organ donors in Australia in 2010, compared with 247 in 2009, and 257 in 2008
Live kidney donations represented 44% of all kidney transplants in 2008, which is the same as for 2007
How many Australians die of kidney failure?
Most recent data available from the Australian Bureau of Statistics shows:
Kidney failure is rising as a significant cause of death
50 people die every day with kidney related disease
In 2009, diseases of the kidney and urinary tract were the 9th leading cause of death in Australia with 3,312 deaths (it was the 10th cause of death in 2008)
Overall there has been a 23% increase in deaths from kidney disease over the past 10 years, killing more people each year than breast cancer (2,799), prostate cancer (3,111) or even road deaths (1,417) *Causes of Death, Australia 2009, published 2011
wendyjm4, Team leader for Sparkies Down Under.
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