As someone who struggled with a diabetic diet for 7 years, I found out that doctors tended to not be much help when it came to diabetes. Beyond the 15 minute cliff notes version, they have no clue.
Pretty much everything you eat gets turned into glucose, which is blood SUGAR. Different foods increase this at different rates. Obviously fruit juice, or ice cream spike it much quicker than asparagus, or black beans. Getting a book on the glycemic index of foods may be of some benefit, and then use the numbers of your glucose meter readings. Pay attention to how corn affects you versus green beans, or pasta versus brown rice. Make yourself a database of foods that don't spike your blood sugar.
I had to go to low carb to get off my diabetes meds, but my sugars were usually over 300 daily, and I had binge issues. Just pay attention to the types of carbs you eat, and mix them in with protein, and fiber, as well as some healthy fats.
In answer to the lemons question.. yes, you can have lemons. If you have lemon juice on halibut with green beans, and a small side of brown rice, you will probably find that it doesn't spike your blood sugars too much. Eat 3 lemons, and you might have a problem. I tend to stop at 1 serving of fruit a day, and have no issues.
A good rule to follow is 40 grams of carbs for breakfast, lunch, and dinner, and 15 for 2 snacks.. 150 grams total. This will vary by your size, and how carbs affect you, but is around what they suggest.
What you should really do, is read a few books, get an understanding of diabetes, and go back in with a notebook of questions, and ask the doctor for EXACT answers. Total carbs, how many per meal, what foods to limit, avoid, or enjoy at will. Spacing, and size of meals.
If the doctor can't answer these questions, demand to see a dietitian, or another doctor who CAN answer these questions. While I would love to say I am doing pretty well with my diabetes, and may be of some help to you, your doctor is a supposed expert on health, and is being paid to help you. That means they are your employee... to employ means to use, like a tool. Make that doctor do their job, or refer you to someone competent in that field of health. Asking strangers for advice is not the best option. Your doctor should have spent an hour explaining things, and detailing a plan in exhausting detail. At the very least, you should understand the basics of diabetes, and have a meal plan for 2 weeks, so you have some idea of what to eat. That may be a diabetic training class at your local hospital, a dietitian etc., but this is as deadly as heart disease, or cancer, if left uncontrolled. You can improve it though, which is why you need to get answers.
The doctor basically told you " You have a disease that kills people.. just wing it! ". Don't. You can't take action till you know what action to take.
"We can't solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them "
- Albert Einstein
“Whether you think you can, or you think you can't--you're right.”
- Henry Ford
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