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9/27/16 2:53 A

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Caffeine is found in certain headache medications.
True emoticon

The blood vessels in the brain dilate (enlarge) during a headache. Caffeine constricts the blood vessels, which lessens the pain. It is also a mild pain reliever. This is why caffeine is found in headache medications like Excedrin Migraine (130 mg per 2 tablets), Midol Complete (120 mg per 2 tablets) and Anacin (64 mg per 2 tablets



 
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Can food labels that list "0" trans fats actual contain some trans fats?
Yes emoticon

Any food that lists "hydrogenated oil" on the ingredients list does contain trans fats, even if the label says zero. A labeling loophole allows any food that contains fewer than 0.5 grams of trans fat per serving to list "0" grams of trans fat on the label, so always check the ingredients list!



 
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9/27/16 2:51 A

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Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.
True emoticon

Here are the facts:
*Nearly 1 million Americans died of heart disease in 2002, making it the leading cause of death.
*52 million Americans have high cholesterol, a leading cause of heart disease.
*67 percent of Americans are overweight or obese, the top contributor to high cholesterol.



 
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9/26/16 2:14 A

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Besides foods fortified with calcium, you can only get calcium from dairy foods like milk and yogurt.
False emoticon

You can find calcium in many dairy-free foods, from almonds to tofu. Collard greens, black-eyed peas, blackstrap molasses, kale and oranges are a few more plant-based sources of calcium.




 
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9/26/16 2:11 A

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The ''Freshman 15'' is a myth.
True emoticon

A 2011 study published in Social Science Quarterly showed that the typical weight gain during the first year of college is just 2.5 to 3.5 pounds and has little to do with higher learning and more to do with becoming a young adult. The not so good news: About 10 percent of freshmen will gain 15 pounds or more during their first year. And that's just the first year. Experts aren't as concerned about these actual pounds as they are about the rate at which students put them on. A 2008 study found that college students gain weight six times faster than the general population. And according to researchers, young adults continue to gain weight (1.5 pounds per year on average) during the four years after they graduate, too. Not all of this can be chalked up to "growing up," though. If left unchecked, the weight gain many experience as young adults can become a serious problem.



 
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9/26/16 2:07 A

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Which of the following statements about HDL is FALSE?
It's the unhealthy cholesterol emoticon

HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) is the good, healthy cholesterol. HDL picks up and carries excess cholesterol away from artery walls and brings it back to the liver for processing and removal. You want this number to be high (at least 60 mg/dL)to protect your heart. Levels too low (less than 40 mg/dL) are bad for your health, increasing your risk for heart disease. Click here to learn about other important cholesterol numbers, like LDL and triglycerides.



 
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9/25/16 2:18 A

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Research shows that both green AND black teas contain heart-protecting antioxidants.
True emoticon

According to a 1999 study of tea by the American Health Foundation, both green and black teas contain antioxidants that can help to decrease the risk of heart disease by lowering cholesterol.



 
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9/25/16 2:15 A

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Chronic stress can literally make you sick.
True emoticon

According to the National Institutes of Health, hormones (like cortisol) that hang around during chronic stress can put us at risk for obesity, heart disease, cancer, and a variety of other illnesses. Take time out of your day to do a relaxing activity you enjoy, like journaling, meditating, going for a jog, or talking to a friend on the phone. Return refreshed and kick your stressors to the curb!



 
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9/25/16 2:14 A

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Choosing white turkey meat instead of dark will save you how many fat grams per 4-oz. serving?
4 grams emoticon

Four ounces of dark turkey meat without skin contains a reasonable 183 calories and 5 grams fat. Skinless turkey breast is leaner at 153 calories and 1 gram of fat per serving.



 
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9/22/16 3:40 A

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Health problems such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and depression are UNRELATED to the amount and quality of a person's sleep.
False emoticon

Studies have found a relationship between the quantity and quality of one's sleep and many health problems. For example, insufficient sleep affects growth hormone secretion that is linked to obesity; as the amount of hormone secretion decreases, the chance for weight gain increases. Blood pressure usually falls during the sleep cycle. However, interrupted sleep can adversely affect this normal decline, leading to hypertension and cardiovascular problems. Research has also shown that insufficient sleep impairs the body's ability to use insulin, which can lead to the onset of diabetes. More and more scientific studies are showing correlations between poor and insufficient sleep and disease.



 
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9/22/16 3:40 A

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In Tabata training, what percentage of your maximum heart rate should you shoot for to reap the most physical benefits?
75% emoticon

While you don't have to have a heart rate monitor to do a Tabata-training workout, it certainly can come in handy. "Maximum effort" is by definition about 90%-95% of your maximum heart rate (calculate your max heart rate here), but working out this hard is generally reserved for only advanced exercisers and athletes. For Tabata training workouts, aim for 75% or more of your maximum heart rate to reap the most benefit.



 
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9/22/16 3:38 A

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Regularly walking about 10,000 steps per day can help lower blood pressure.
True emoticon

A 2001 study published in Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise found that sedentary women with high blood pressure reduced their systolic blood pressure and body mass by walking 9,700 steps per day at a self-selected pace for 24 weeks.



 
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9/21/16 3:05 A

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Which of the following foods contain fiber?
F, G and H only emoticon

Fiber is ONLY found in plant-based foods. Animal products do not contain any fiber



 
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9/21/16 3:03 A

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How many cups of popcorn does a large tub from a movie theatre usually contain?
20 cups emoticon

On average, a large popcorn (which contains 20 cups) boasts a mind-boggling 100 grams of fat-the equivalent of more than six fast food hamburgers. With about 1,300 calories, that large popcorn packs almost a full day's supply of calories for the average dieter.

Edited by: SUNSET09 at: 9/21/2016 (03:03)

 
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9/21/16 3:01 A

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What percentage of lung capacity does the average person use while at rest?
15% emoticon

Few people use their lungs to their full capacity. It has been reported that at rest, people use just 10%-15% of their actual lung capacity, usually a result of quick, shallow breaths that make the chest rise and fall.



 
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9/18/16 2:42 A

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To lose body fat, it doesn't matter what you eat as long as you stay within your calorie range
False emoticon

Your body has many complex processes that determine when energy gets put into and taken out of storage (fat cells). These processes are directly affected by what, when and how much you eat. Eating a healthy, balanced diet will make it easier for your body to burn fat and prevent the food you eat from being stored as fat. Whole, minimally processed foods and nutritionally-balanced meals are better than meals that are high in refined sugars, sodium, and/or processed grains. It's much harder for your body to turn lean protein, fruits, veggies and whole grains into fat than it is to turn sugar and refined foods into fat, for example. And more research is showing that a diet of whole foods is metabolized more efficiently than modern-day's processed food products, which may slow metabolism and lead to weight gain.

Edited by: SUNSET09 at: 9/18/2016 (02:43)

 
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9/18/16 2:40 A

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What are the 4 fat-soluble vitamins?
Vitamins A, D, E, and K emoticon

Four vitamins are fat-soluble: A, D, E, and K. Fat-soluble vitamins dissolve in fat. To be carried in your bloodstream and throughout your body, they must be attached to body chemicals made of lipids or fat. Your body is able to store these fat-soluble vitamins in body fat. Getting a new supply each day is not essential. Harmful, toxic levels of the fat-soluble vitamins can occur when excess amounts are consumed on a regular basis, usually from supplements




 
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9/18/16 2:39 A

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GRAMS of sugar listed on a nutrition label is equal to 1 teaspoon of sugar.
4 emoticon

Next time you're reading a nutrition facts label, do this math to find out just how much added sugar that food really contains! Every 4 grams of "sugars" listed on a food label equals one teaspoon of sugar.



 
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9/17/16 7:24 A

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People with type 2 diabetes are dependent on insulin.

False emoticon

Type 2 diabetics are "non-insulin-dependent," whereas type 1 diabetics are "insulin-dependent."



 
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9/17/16 7:22 A

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Appetite and hunger are one in the same

False emoticon

Appetite is not the same thing as hunger; it actually refers to an interest in food. It's often said that someone's appetite can override their hunger and fullness. When some people feel stressed, they could lose their appetite and choose to ignore feelings of hunger. (Others respond the opposite way, eating in response to stress or negative emotions despite a lack of hunger or strong feelings of fullness.) And how many times have you sat down to a delicious meal and continued eating even though you were experiencing sensations of fullness? That, too, is an example of appetite overriding the signals from your body. As you start becoming more aware of hunger signals, do not confuse appetite with physical signs of hunger.



 
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9/17/16 7:19 A

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Soybeans can contain more Omega-3's than certain types of fish.

True emoticon

(One serving of cooked soybeans contains more omega-3s (in the form of ALA) than some coldwater fish. Tofu, which is made from soybeans, contains Omega-3's, too, but only about one-third as much as the whole cooked beans do.)




 
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9/15/16 2:28 A

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A vitamin E deficiency is common in the U.S.

False emoticon

Because it is abundant in many foods, a deficiency of vitamin E is rare. Vitamin E is found in a variety of foods. The best sources include wheat germ and wheat germ oil, soybean, corn, safflower and cottonseed oil. Good sources include margarine, mayonnaise, salad dressings, nuts, seeds, peanuts, and peanut butter. Fair sources include whole grains, corn, beef liver, leafy-green vegetables, fish and eggs.




 
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9/15/16 2:15 A

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Men who exercise for 1 hour, 5 times per week can reduce their risk of stroke by how much?

Half emoticon

Harvard researchers looked at 11,000 men and determined that one hour of regular, moderate exercise (equivalent to brisk walking), done five days a week, may cut a man's risk of stroke in half.

Edited by: SUNSET09 at: 9/15/2016 (02:30)

 
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9/15/16 2:14 A

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A single serving of bread is equal to:

1 oz. emoticon

A single serving of bread is equal to 1 ounce. That's about the size of one small slice, 1/2 a bagel or 1/2 a bun.



 
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9/15/16 2:09 A

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Which Girl Scout cookie gives you the most cookies for your calories?

Shortbread emoticon

This cookie won the title of healthiest for a few reasons: per cookie, the calories are pretty low. One serving also delivers the least amount of total fat and sugar. There are only 10 ingredients in the ingredient list-and sugar appears a mere two times.

Edited by: SUNSET09 at: 9/15/2016 (02:10)

 
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9/13/16 6:04 A

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Which has fewer calories--the burger or burrito?

McDonald's Quarter Pounder with Cheese emoticon

Surprised? While the Quarter Pounder isn't exactly a diet food, with 520 calories and 26 grams of fat, it is much lower in calories AND fat than a Chipotle burrito. The burrito described above commands a whopping 775 calories and 28 grams of fat! Add sour cream (110 calories), beans (130 calories), and guacamole (170) calories, and you've eaten more calories (1,185) than a lot of people eat in an entire day. Next time, make your burrito healthier by swapping the meat for beans, putting it in a bowl (instead of a tortilla), and loading up on flavorful salsa instead of cheese, sour cream, and guacamole. You'll save about 500 calories



 
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9/13/16 3:35 A

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What does 'isometric' mean?

Same length emoticon

Isometric means "same length." This is a high-intensity contraction of the muscle with no change in the length of the muscle. In other words, your muscles are working hard but the muscle itself remains static. Isometric exercises are good for variety and some strength maintenance, but they don’t challenge your body enough to build much strength.




 
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9/10/16 1:45 A

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Research has proven that detox diets help remove toxins from the body.

False emoticon

There is no medical evidence that detox diets actually remove any toxins from the body.



 
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9/10/16 1:42 A

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Only overweight people have cellulite.

False emoticon

Thin people, fit individuals, and even those who are at a healthy weight (and healthy body fat percentage) can have cellulite, just as some unfit and overweight people may not have it. Most women will have cellulite to some degree. Whether or not you develop cellulite depends on factors like genetics, gender and hormonal levels.



 
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About ____% of the calories you consume post-workout should come from carbohydrates. 60

60 emoticon

Roughly 60% of the calories you eat at this time should come from carbohydrates. Contrary to popular belief, your body needs more carbohydrates than protein after a workout, to replace the muscle fuel (glycogen) you used up and to prepare for your next exercise session.



 
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9/9/16 2:58 A

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Your body needs sodium.

True emoticon

Our bodies need sodium to help maintain water and mineral balances and blood volume.



 
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For best results, how long should you hold a stretch?

15 - 30 seconds emoticon

Ideally, most experts recommend that people stretch for 10-15 minutes per day. Hold each stretch for 15-30 seconds, repeating one or two more times, depending on how you feel.



 
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9/9/16 2:41 A

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Even if you eat healthy and exercise regularly, your cholesterol levels are more likely to be elevated if you are overweight.

True emoticon

Being overweight increases your blood cholesterol levels since your body stores the extra calories you eat as triglycerides. When these triglyceride levels are high, HDL (good) cholesterol levels tend to be low, a combination that is associated with an increased risk for heart disease. Losing just 10% of your body weight (25 pounds for someone who weights 250 pounds), can improve your cholesterol levels.



 
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9/8/16 1:26 A

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If you feel thirsty, you could already be dehydrated.

True emoticon

The first signs of dehydration include thirst, dry lips and tongue, fatigue, lack of energy, and feeling overheated. If you wait to drink water until you "feel" thirsty, especially on hot days or during workouts, dehydration has already started.



 
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According to the glycemic index, people should eat more foods that have...

Low Glycemic Index emoticon

One system for classifying carbohydrates is the glycemic index. The glycemic index ranks foods on how they affect blood sugar level by measuring how much the blood sugar increases after one eats. For example, white bread is digested quickly into glucose, causing blood sugar to spike quickly. Therefore white bread has a high glycemic index number. In contrast, brown rice is digested more slowly, causing a lower, more gentle change in blood sugar. It therefore has a lower glycemic index number.



 
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9/8/16 1:08 A

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Soluble and insoluble fiber have the same functions and benefits?

False emoticon

Eating foods with soluble fiber may help to lower blood cholesterol and decrease your risk of heart disease. These foods may also help lower blood sugar levels, which is important if you have diabetes.

Insoluble fiber is often called roughage or bulk because it keeps the digestive system running smoothly. This helps with constipation, hemorrhoids, and other digestive problems. It may help to prevent some types of cancer.



 
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9/7/16 5:41 A

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If you exercise regularly, it's possible to reduce your cholesterol even if you don't lose weight.

True emoticon

Several studies show widespread improvements in cholesterol levels are related to the amount of activity and not the intensity of exercise. The more minutes you exercise per week, the more your cholesterol levels will improve, even if accompanied by a minimal weight change.

Edited by: SUNSET09 at: 9/7/2016 (05:44)

 
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There are many precautions you can take as an adult to prevent allergies from developing

False emoticon

There are no controllable risk factors for adults who wish to decrease their risk of developing allergies, because allergy development isn't related to lifestyle habits. Intervention needs to occur early--during infancy and childhood.



 
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Which of the following foods contains the most calcium per serving?

Collard greens emoticon

Collard greens contain the most calcium (357 mg per cup) of all the foods listed here. Calcium fortified orange juice (200 mg per 6 oz), almonds (70 mg per 1 oz), and blackstrap molasses (175 mg per 1 Tbsp) still contain calcium, however.



 
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9/6/16 4:19 A

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Line up these 5 homemade pies in order of most to least calories per slice (highest to lowest calories).

Pecan pie, cherry pie, apple pie, pumpkin pie, sweet potato pie emoticon

Here's the fat and calorie breakdown for homemade pies:
Pecan pie 503 calories, 27 grams fat
Cherry pie 486 calories, 22 grams fat
Apple pie 411 calories, 19 grams fat
Pumpkin pie 316 calories, 14 grams fat
Sweet potato pie 250 calories, 12 grams fat



 
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Eating chicken soup can help you recover from a cold.

True emoticon

There is a grain of truth to this practice. Chicken soup won't "cure" your cold, but research shows that it can help loosen nasal mucus and clear up congestion so you breathe a little easier.



 
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What equation determines whether your weight is appropriate for your height?

BMI emoticon

BMI (body mass index) is a quick and easy way to determine if your weight is appropriate for your height.



 
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Men who exercise for 1 hour, 5 times per week can reduce their risk of stroke by how much?

Half emoticon

Harvard researchers looked at 11,000 men and determined that one hour of regular, moderate exercise (equivalent to brisk walking), done five days a week, may cut a man's risk of stroke in half.



 
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Osteoporosis (bone loss) is a common concern for aging women who can help prevent it by:

All of the Above emoticon

Osteoporosis is a potentially debilitating, yet preventable condition. Calcium and Vitamin D intake and regular, weight-bearing exercise are just a few of the ways you can prevent it




 
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Herb-seasoned roasted potatoes contain less than half the calories of mashed potatoes (made with butter and whole milk).

True emoticon

Roasted potatoes, made without added oil, contain about 57 calories and 0 grams of fat per 1/2-cup serving. Mashed potatoes contain twice the calories (120) and 4 grams of fat for the same portion.



 
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Which of the following best describes calisthenics?

Body Weight Exercises emoticon

Calisthenics are exercises that use your own body weight in lieu of outside or added resistance. You can use the weight of your own body to develop muscle, but using body weight alone is less effective for developing larger muscles and greater strength. However, calisthenics adequately improve general muscular fitness and are sufficient to improve muscle tone and maintain one's current level of muscular strength. Examples include: pushups, crunches, dips, pull ups, lunges, and squats, just to name a few



 
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9/4/16 2:21 A

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Sweating during exercise causes acne

False emoticon

Sweat in itself neither fights acne nor causes it; but the increased blood flow, unclogging of pores from sweating, and stress reduction that result from exercise may all benefit the acne sufferer, says the Children's Hospital of Colorado (CHC).


Edited by: SUNSET09 at: 9/4/2016 (02:21)

 
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Which type of fat is solid at room temperature?

Saturated fat emoticon

Saturated fat (butter is one example) is packed with hydrogen atoms, making it solid at room temperature. Unsaturated fat (like olive oil) contains fewer hydrogen atoms, so it is liquid at room temperature. Monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fats are types of unsaturated fats.



 
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9/3/16 2:34 A

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Cholesterol doesn't play a significant role in your body; it's just bad for you.

False emoticon

Cholesterol is a building block of body cells and hormones. It makes up 50 percent of your nervous system, and is necessary for metabolism. In moderate amounts, it is essential to good health. But the dangers of high cholesterol, including artery blockage and heart disease, are well-documented. Other studies suggest that very low cholesterol levels can also be harmful and dangerous. The key seems to be making sure your body has enough--but not too much


Edited by: SUNSET09 at: 9/3/2016 (02:35)

 
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Wheat bran, whole grains, fruits and vegetables are good sources of which type of fiber?

Insoluble fiber emoticon emoticon

Insoluble fiber is found in foods like wheat bran, whole grains and all vegetables and fruits. It is often called roughage or bulk because it keeps the digestive system running smoothly. This helps with constipation, hemorrhoids, and other digestive problems. It may help to prevent some types of cancer



 
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There are 5 components of fitness. Which of the following isn't one of them?

Warm Up emoticon

These five components of fitness should be included in your own fitness program. To be considered fit, you need to meet certain standards in each of these five areas, which include 1- body composition (your weight, fat mass, lean muscle mass, and fat distribution), 2- aerobic fitness (ability to sustain moderate-intensity activity for extended periods of time), 3- flexibility (the range of motion of several joints), 4- muscular strength (maximum amount of force you can perform with a single contraction), and 5- muscular endurance (ability to repeat high-intensity muscle contractions). While warm-ups aren't part of the 5 components of fitness, they should be part of your workouts. You should warm-up before aerobic, strength, and flexibility exercises.



 
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9/3/16 12:39 A

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How many calories does a single gram of alcohol contain?

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One gram of fat contains 9 calories, but alcohol is not a nutrient because it cannot be used in the body to promote growth, maintenance, or repair. It is a toxin that is broken down as an energy (calorie) source and can be converted to fat.




 
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9/3/16 12:37 A

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Which of the following foods may help reduce your risk of osteoarthritis?

A, B, C and D only emoticon

A diet low in omega-3 fatty acids (the good-for-you fats, from foods like flaxseeds, pumpkin seeds, hempseeds, and salmon) and high in unhealthy fats (corn, safflower and cottonseed oils, fatty meats, high-fat dairy products, saturated fat and trans fats) may contribute to your risk of developing osteoarthritis. Healthy omega-3's reduce joint inflammation while unhealthy fats can increase it.



 
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9/3/16 12:15 A

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How many servings of ice cream are in a single pint?

4 emoticon

A pint of ice cream is not a single serving; it's FOUR servings. If you eat an entire pint, you have to multiply the number of calories, fat grams, etc. listed on the label by four. Stick to portions the size of half a tennis ball, and always scoop your ice cream into a small bowl instead of eating it directly from the container to prevent overeating.



 
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9/1/16 5:38 A

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Women need more folic acid than men do.

False emoticon

The recommended intake of folic acid for adult males and females is 400 micrograms daily.



 
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8/30/16 8:33 A

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Taking (or eating) extra vitamin B-12 can boost your energy levels.

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A lack of vitamin B-12 may lead to fatigue, but taking extra B-12 does not boost energy levels. A water-soluble vitamin, your body excretes excess vitamin B-12.



 
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8/30/16 8:32 A

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The morning after an intense workout, you start feeling quite sore. You notice that you feel this way up to 72 hours after your workout, but then you feel as good as new. Which type of muscle soreness are you experiencing?

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness emoticon

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, called DOMS for short, is the soreness you're probably most familiar with. It's what you feel when you get out of bed the next morning after a tough workout. This type of muscle soreness begins 24 to 48 hours after your workout and actually indicates a natural adaptive process that the body uses after an intense exercise session. When you do a new or particularly challenging workout, your muscle fibers tear on a microscopic level. If you still feel pain well past the 72-hour mark you may be experiencing Long-Term Muscle Soreness. If the pain lingers for longer than 5 days, consult your doctor.




 
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8/30/16 8:31 A

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Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the United States for both men and women.

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Nearly 70% of Americans don't get enough exercise, yet inactivity is a major risk factor for developing coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is caused by deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, calcium and other substances in the inner lining of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. This build-up makes the arteries narrowed or blocked, and when oxygen-rich blood can't reach the heart, the result is chest pain or a heart attack. Over time, CAD can weaken the heart muscle and lead to heart failure.

While CAD is the most common type of heart disease and the leading cause of death in the United States for both men and women, the good news is that lifestyle changes—like exercise!—can help prevent or treat CAD in most people.



 
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8/29/16 1:58 A

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Cooking food in cast iron cookware can add iron to your food.

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It's true! Cooking in cast iron adds a significant level of iron to the foods you cook, especially acidic foods such as tomato sauce.



 
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8/29/16 1:57 A

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Adults over age 50 need more calcium than their younger counterparts.

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The recommended amount of calcium for male and female adults, ages 19-50, is 1,000 milligrams daily. The amount increases to 1,200 milligrams daily for those over age 51



 
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8/29/16 1:54 A

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Which of the following statements about sugar alcohols is FALSE?

They contain 1/8 the calories that sugar does emoticon

Sugar alcohols get their name from their unique chemical structure, which resembles both sugar and alcohol. But they're neither sugars nor alcohols. In fact, sugar alcohols are a type of carbohydrate that sweetens foods, but with half the calories of sugar. There are several specific types of sugar alcohols (usually ending with the letters "-ol"): erythritol, hydrogenated starch hydrolysates, isomalt, lactitol, maltitol, mannitol, sorbitol and xylitol.



 
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8/28/16 7:52 A

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Obesity may prevent the immune system from functioning properly.

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Research performed by scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine has shown that obesity prevents the immune system from functioning properly, increasing its vulnerability to infection. In the study, obese mice were 50 percent less capable of killing the flu virus, compared to lean mice. The researchers believe that the same holds true in humans.



 
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8/28/16 7:51 A

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On average, which mayonnaise-based salad contains FEWER calories?

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Obviously, the amount of calories in each of these salads will vary depending on where you buy it or how you prepare it. Cole slaw contains approximately 150 calories and 8 grams of fat per half-cup serving; the same amount of potato salad contains more: 170 calories and more than 10 grams of fat.



 
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