BESSHAILE's SparkPeople Blog BESSHAILE's Blog on SparkPeople, home of free diet plans and a healthy living community 5 Years At Goal You know how it is. You get the email that says "You have received a spark goodie" and that little thrill shivers you as you realize somebody was thinking about you ... kindly. Sometimes ya don't even check to see who sent it - you just click the button to open the link. Even when it comes from SparkPeople and you know it's electronically generated, it's fun to get that little pat. So when I got that message yesterday and opened up the goodie - I was caught completely off guard. I'd forgotte... Fri, 16 Mar 2018 08:23:00 EST Week 6 of Chart Bling <img src=""> <BR> <BR> ah well. As you can see, the week started out very arty charty and confident and I bet you can guess that <BR> <BR> <img src=""> <BR> <BR> started dancing in the living room again. <BR> <BR> I guess I have to wait a bit longer for that animal control van. But I'll keep working on being patient. <BR> <BR> A... Thu, 15 Mar 2018 08:24:15 EST Quick Blinged-up Art Chart Report Without a picture. The week deteriorated a tad and I didn't do very much decorating of that chart nor did I get in as many 15 minute extra exercises - Here's a promise to double up over the month of March - I'd love to have 31 extra 15 minute efforts to report about come April 1. <BR> <BR> Measurements stayed the same too but oh that glorious weight loss - which I am now also going to chart each week. That's as far as I'm going to commit to thinking about thinking about changing my weight g... Thu, 8 Mar 2018 07:18:18 EST Is It A Goal? Thinking about thinking about it. The past 2 days I've bumped into a bunch of articles and quotes about goals - defining them, setting them, achieving them. Sometimes I get the feeling the universe is trying to tell me something. <BR> <BR> (Like it did on a walk I took yesterday, wrangling with an opinion and letting my judgement about one situation shine a light on my own behavior - both a lowering and empowering experience.) <BR> <BR> There have been a couple of articles on the topic here on Spark that slid into my port... Wed, 7 Mar 2018 06:49:39 EST The Good Bit - with TheBrains I have been toying changing my goal weight and getting back into weight-loss mode. Partly that's because I'm shorter than I was when I first determined to find a happy weight. But also - weight loss is, in some ways, easier to do than weight maintenance. The mythology of maintenance is way too fraught with images of slender young, beautiful people gobbling up pizza and sticky buns. When you are overweight you know you don't look like that. When you've reached your goal weight you think you j... Sat, 3 Mar 2018 08:18:57 EST Poking My Head Out - It's Not All Bad When I was a toddler I used to terrify my mother because if anything went wrong I would go hide. Particularly if I was hurt physically - a cut or bruise or if I was sick, would have me hiding in the darkest corner in the closet. I think I can even remember shivering in a hidey-hole. I do remember once hearing her tell a neighbor that she worried that she'd find me bled to death beneath the bed some day. Funny - I was pretty young when she said that, maybe 7 or 8, but I think that was the la... Fri, 2 Mar 2018 07:02:00 EST Chart Bling - Week #2 Last week I took a couple of hits - the death of a beloved friend, a shoulder injury and 2 days without exercise on a long car trip to a funeral. <BR> <BR> Last week I received an assortment of gifts - a gazillion hugs from beloved friend's family, a tender Valentine's day with Himself and a reunion with an old exercise buddy - Yoga. <BR> <BR> So. You lose some. You gain some. It is called living. <BR> <BR> When I realized I'd pinched a nerve in my shoulder last week I knew there would be... Fri, 16 Feb 2018 07:05:33 EST That Blinged Up Chart It has been a week (plus a day) since I started my Fitness February Fifteen (or more) personal challenge and even in the flushed excitement of the first week I had to rise to a challenge a couple of times. On Tuesday when we had sad news about the death of a friend I didn't really feel like doing 15 minutes of anything. But I remembered the challenge and did just barely 15 minutes of core work. Then - ugh! on Wednesday I let my hyper-flexible body slump into a weird position and sat there a w... Fri, 9 Feb 2018 07:20:01 EST Tell Them You Love Them Right now. Because you may not get a chance later. And one can never tell beloved ones how precious they are too many times. <BR> <BR> While dressing for the funeral of a dear, if 95 year old, cousin yesterday, the call came in from the daughter of an even closer, and younger, cousin. Her dad had died suddenly on Monday night. This cousin was Himself's oldest living friend. These two boys, playmates long before they were teens, were grandsons of best friends who had gone south to New Orlean... Wed, 7 Feb 2018 08:22:41 EST Armchair Fashion Musing Himself and I are going to be taking a trip this year and I am already thinking about a travel wardrobe. For a woman who's biggest reason for dropping extydozens of pounds was to be able to wear cute clothes, this is an exercise in delight. I adore wardrobe planning. I used to love it when SEVENTEEN magazine would have a spread on the 9 Essential Pieces In Your Wardrobe. Or One Jacket Worn 15 Ways. Or any of those math-ish sorts of fashion discussions. I can still see that first Mix'n'Match... Mon, 5 Feb 2018 08:02:52 EST The New Bling-ey Chart Here it is. Not very Bling-ey yet but I'll decorate it as I accomplish the tasks. No reward planned for this project because I really like to work on things that already feel like rewards, not punish myself till I think I've suffered enough to deserve something. Like Calvin - I am already just fine the way I am and deserve my desserts right now! <BR> <BR> I was able to put 2 weeks worth of charts on a page and in typical ICanDoBetter fashion - <BR> I am already thinking of charting for 10 ... Fri, 2 Feb 2018 06:34:36 EST Fitness February Fifteen Throughout the long cold days of January I have managed to eat a very healthy diet and get in lots of walks ... till the last week, when days of munching began to push the needle on the scale up. I'm still within my WW goal but I don't like the direction I'm going. Also - I had completely stopped doing strength training and made it to the gym only once in January. Been longing for a bit of a challenge, too, so with the start of a brand new month I'm going to make some commitments to a fitter,... Thu, 1 Feb 2018 08:28:24 EST TheBrains & I Revisit "What's Your Why Maintenance Edition" Once in a while we get a homework assignment from the Weight Watcher leader and this week we were asked to do the little exercise in the handout - What's Your Why? <BR> <BR> Timed to work with the January newbies who've had a little success but are past the honeymoon of water weight loss and now have to buckle down to the nitty gritty of serious weight loss. I'm sure the WW folk figure if people really think about why they're giving up close to 2 hours on a work night (because we're a rural... Thu, 25 Jan 2018 17:45:23 EST And I Was There To See It I have two ancient memories - so long ago I could never remember when they happened. One is of me, standing on the floorboard behind my daddy driving the car - and sobbing. It was cold and the wet cold glass felt soothing against my wet hot cheeks. My fingers were tiny and could slip down between the door frame and the window glass to rub along the little furry strip that hid just below the edge. That, too was comforting. I remember crying, then cooling my cheeks, then rubbing that furry stri... Tue, 23 Jan 2018 09:04:42 EST Today is a BUHTHday, We're gonna have a good time! Not mine, of course. Today my PreciousAngelBabyDarlingOnlyGranddaughter turns one. I'm just sitting here with the biggest grin on my heart - it feels like it's stretched so wide it's going to snap in two. The one on my face is a little softer but it's there. This is a glorious day for the Haile family. <BR> <BR> A year ago external circumstances were not so glorious. Our water pump died and we discovered our water tank was kaput as well - so we had to get plumbers and well diggers out in col... Sun, 21 Jan 2018 07:29:41 EST What Is Maintenance For You? I have been toying with this question since DESIREE672 asked it in her recent blog. <BR> <BR> <link><BR>urnal_individual.asp?blog_id=6452985 </link> <BR> <BR> She wonders if she will be on the cycle of Achievement, Complaisance, Slide, Climb and Achieve for the rest of her life. My gut reaction is - "probably." My considered reaction is "Likely". <BR> <BR> But there is a part of me that wishes that there might come a time when old temptations, old ha... Sat, 20 Jan 2018 08:36:40 EST On Stepping Into A Painting Deer season ends on a Saturday in early January. Each year on the following Saturday the Old Lloyds Hunt Club hosts a dinner, with dancing to follow, for all the landowners who let the club hunt their property. The men prepare the meat - venison burgers, sausage and barbecue. Their wives bring other dishes, as for a church supper. The feast is held in the Thomas's tractor shed, which easily holds the hundred fifty men and guests, once the combines are moved out. Tables and chairs are borrowe... Sun, 14 Jan 2018 08:44:02 EST Shrinking Bess Rethinks Her Goal Weight Wahhh. I am shrinking. I had my biennial bone scan yesterday and I am 1/4 inch shorter than 2 years ago. No wonder, at my 2003 goal weight, some of my clothes feel tight anyway. I reached goal at five foot six. I've been steady for some time now at 5 foot 5. Now I'm five foot 4 and 3/4 and somehow that upset me way more than shrinking that first inch. <BR> <BR> "I'm so short now!" I wailed to the technician. "No. you're still tall" she assured me, "But your scoliosis is a little more defin... Fri, 12 Jan 2018 06:50:37 EST Once a Librarian, Always a Librarian Today I have that rare gift of privacy to tackle a big ugly chore on my ThingsToDoInJanuary list. <BR> <BR> What?! I have a TTD list? <BR> <BR> Well - of course. This IS me we're talking about and I have lived my life by TTD lists. Four months without one is long enough. I am not an obsessive sort of person ( I swear it, no matter what friends and family might say) even if I am discerning. Also I have this fantasy of a tidy, well organized home where all sorts of creative things happen. ... Mon, 8 Jan 2018 07:18:06 EST Cutting Slack with Cabin Fever I've been wondering why this feeling of dissatisfaction - almost irritation - has been growing on me for the past 24 hours and I think it's just that ... I am done with this cold. With this frosty snowy cold. I am a southern gal and I like snow that comes, shuts us in for a day or two, then melts in a great whoosh one sunny 60 degree afternoon. <BR> <BR> That kind of snowy day lets you stop werkin' on dootiful things and gives you permission to cozy up with a book or with a knitting project... Sun, 7 Jan 2018 08:16:55 EST LOVE LOVE LOVE (duh duh duuhh) What a cold start to 2018. The weather dot com guys say it's 9 degrees but my back porch thermometer says about 16. Either way it's c-c-cold. Don't you wish you could save some of this coldness for August - when you really need it? At least all my Northern Hemisphere pals need it then. <BR> <BR> So. New Year's Day. 2018. I have always loved NYD for it's opportunity to begin afresh, to try something new, to make changes, small to sweeping. For an official time to scoop it all up, put it behi... Mon, 1 Jan 2018 08:03:57 EST TheBrains discuss Wedding Cake Just a quick musing about cakes today - because I am feeling extra chatty. <BR> <em>18</em> Besides. Cake is good <BR> <em>43</em> So long as you don't overindulge. <BR> <BR> Ah. Hello you two. Happy New Year. <BR> <BR> <em>43</em> Ditto <BR> <em>18</em> Talk about cake now <BR> <BR> Well - how did y'all like that wedding cake yesterday? <BR> <BR> <em>18</em> Oh yum mmmm good nom nom nom cake cake cake <BR> <em>43</em> Actions, obviously speak louder than words. <BR> <BR... Sun, 31 Dec 2017 09:13:01 EST Christmas Traditions It's 6:30 on Christmas morning and I've been up for a couple of hours. I'm an early riser anyway but the tradition around here is that Santa shows up about 4:30 or 5 o'clock to fill stockings and put out the surprise presents. Or rather ... Santa's Helper. <BR> <BR> Even PreciousAngelBabyDarlingOnly Son, another early riser, never got up before me on Christmas morning. Sometimes I'd have to actually shout down the hall to him that ... maybe he'd like to go see if Santa came? I wonder if he d... Mon, 25 Dec 2017 07:21:18 EST Environmental Impact Love it Love it Love it when I find an article on SparkPeople that resonates. This morning's offering from Elizabeth Babcock hit a bulls eye. <BR> <BR> <link><BR>st=the_true_power_of_setting_the_right<BR>_goals </link> <BR> <BR> Of course - the goal setting part and the "make it something that is emotionally rewarding" was all of a piece with my recent blog about moving from where I am to a better place. Obvious parallel. But also Babcock says this: <... Fri, 15 Dec 2017 06:19:21 EST Fresh From The Pleistocene It is possible that I am the only person you know without a smart phone - for all intents and purposes, without a cell phone at all. Or ... I was. But this weekend I laid down my spear, hitched up my loin cloth, twitched the leash of my mastodon and lumbered on down to the store to buy my mobile computer and reality-disconnect device. And if you are wondering how this (lengthily described) event fits into Spark People - heh heh heh - you'll just have to read to the end. <BR> <BR> But first -... Mon, 11 Dec 2017 07:46:32 EST Mind Meld I love so many things here on Spark People. On-line friends. People who blog. Challenges. That adorable Coach Nicole - someone I've enjoyed watching evolve over the years. And my favorite mind melding author here - Dean Anderson. <BR> <BR> I really love his way of explaining things and his ideas seem to march with mine. His latest article, Goals that Help, Goals that Hurt <BR> <BR> <link><BR>ion_articles.asp?id=448&utm_source=spa<BR>rkpeople&utm_medium... Sun, 10 Dec 2017 05:31:41 EST Favorite Christmas Books for Kids (and us grownups too) These are my top picks for Christmas reads to young and old. Some are not entirely Christmas themed but have such vivid delicious descriptions of the holiday they deserve to be among the chosen. Remember - you are NEVER too old for a Christmas Picture Book. <BR> <BR> Peter Spier's Christmas by Peter Spier <BR> Dream Snow by Eric Carle <BR> An Edwardian Christmas by John Goodall <BR> The Wild Christmas Reindeer by Jan Brett <BR> The Christmas we moved to the barn by Alexandra Day <BR> Cor... Sat, 9 Dec 2017 10:36:56 EST From Where I Am To A Better Place I've been at this game a loooooong time. My first diet was when I was 13. 65 now. Yeah. A long journey. And I KNEW about diets way years before that. At 7 I knew women should have small waists. At the time I was pretty confident about my own waist but I knew my mother was anxious about hers and my 12 year old sister, just moving into puberty, was upset about hers too. At 10, with the world's most evil school teacher (made Viola Swamp look like sugar'n'spice) and enormous pressure on me to co... Thu, 7 Dec 2017 08:34:54 EST Two Gifts From Nature I lent my camera to my daughter last week so I haven't any photographs of these two gifts. I am going to try to paint them with words. Let's see if I succeed. <BR> <BR> On a walk out across the winter bare fields of our eastern Virginia farm I was blanketed with the bluest of December skies. The pale gold of the dead grasses reflected the mild sunshine with a warm glow, nudging upwards into an incipient north-west breeze that wasn't quite sure if it wanted to join us or to stay somewhere up ... Mon, 4 Dec 2017 07:23:14 EST The Subtle Shift - Can It BeThat I've Got This? I'm almost afraid to write the words - in case I jinx things. But where else can I talk about my relationship with food if not here, on a Sparkpeople Blog? So here goes. <BR> <BR> I have always been able to tell when I was full. I am an enFp on the Meyers Briggs scale - and that F stands for FEELING. The trouble has always been that I also have been known to eat beyond full - sometimes way beyond. Usually driven by a sense of impending loss - I might miss a cookie or a bowl of ice cream, on... Wed, 29 Nov 2017 07:07:59 EST A Thanksgiving First 4 Me Actually several firsts. <BR> <BR> For the first time in maybe 30 or 40 years I won't be with a crowd. Just the intimate family circle. <BR> <BR> For the first time EVER we will have Da Pwincess with us. And she's sitting up in a high chair and eating. I can't wait to see this - and am actually kind of glad I won't have to interrupt the fun with adult conversation. I can goo goo babble all I want. In truth - the only other people I'd want to have here would be DiL's parents (who googoobabb... Tue, 21 Nov 2017 08:10:18 EST Photos From The Day Off Thanks y'all for the thoughts about when to take a day off. Of course, I know about resting between sessions for 48 hours - how the tiny tears we make in the muscle fibers will heal stronger with a day of rest - but will tear more if they don't get that down-time. The routine I'm working with right now involves targeting different muscles on different days so that, in theory, I should be able to do a strength training a day and still protect the muscles. <BR> <BR> What I'm trying to develop... Mon, 20 Nov 2017 07:45:00 EST A Day Off - When Do You Take One? Obviously you're smart enough to take a day off if you really really need one - but what about those times when you are wondering ... feeling as if you might be pushing things too hard. You might go ahead and do your workout and feel just fine .... or even better. But you might work out and do yourself an injury. So how do you know on those iffy days? <BR> <BR> I've been doing some strength training dvd's at home the past 2 weeks and as I get more used to the moves I have really felt new mus... Sun, 19 Nov 2017 08:07:35 EST Black Friday - Just Wonderin' Do you DO Black Friday? <BR> <BR> I mean - would you get up at an unseasonable hour and loiter outside a store to get a television set or a battery operated talking bear or a remote controlled Christmas carol singing fly fishing rod or a snow producing self-operated drone? Is there any gift you'd get up at 3:30 and wait for? <BR> <BR> Obviously I would not, or I wouldn't have phrased it that way. Something a little ... scary to me ... at the thought of letting a Harvard MBA merchant manipul... Fri, 17 Nov 2017 08:01:28 EST Coloring My World - Not My Hair Gobs of years ago ... I just looked - 1987 ... I read Carole Jackson's book Color Me Beautiful and that was the end of navy blue, candy pink and even black for this gal. Jackson divided people into four colorways, based on seasons. Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn and with my slightly sallow skin, dark brown hair, greenish brown eyes and even yellowish teeth (yes yes. I work on that but no amount of bleach is gonna make mine gleam white. Only lipstick will do that) - I fell firmly in the Au... Sun, 12 Nov 2017 08:07:14 EST Those Pumpkiny Things In a recent blog I talked about succumbing to the dessert tray at a party last September. <BR> <BR> <link><BR>urnal_individual.asp?blog_id=6415219 </link> <BR> <BR> One of the most popular caterers in the area had prepared a tray of sugar cookies and little pumpkin frosted cakes, lemon bars and oh - other goodies and I had gobbled up one of everything just to be sure I didn't miss anything important, ya know. In the 3 short hours of a party. Just in ... Sun, 5 Nov 2017 07:22:55 EST Now it's November Oh my. Here I am starting Month #3 of retirement and I still haven't found the New Normal. Heck! I haven't even swapped out winter clothes. Life without schedule is ... a learning thing. <BR> <BR> Not that we don't have a schedule at all. There are meals and there is the WW meeting on Tuesday (where I dropped a pound on my way to the OtherNewNormal of a BMI of less than 25 ... more about that in a moment). And there are the randomly scheduled things like doctors and babysitting DaPwincess... Wed, 1 Nov 2017 08:48:51 EST The Thrum of Guilt - and A Little Help From TheBrains <em>58</em> I am thoroughly loving retirement and for that first month I indulged in days and days of doing exactly what I felt like doing. Lots of naps. Lots of walks with the dogs. Lots of re-reading favorite authors. But as the calendar turned over from Retirement-Birthday-Party-September into Brisk October, a little twinge of guilt - just a pinch - <BR> but definitely a pinch - of concern about "wasting my life" began to niggle my spirit. I want to nip this in the bud and I thought I c... Tue, 3 Oct 2017 08:26:14 EST Is TIME Your Friend or Your Enemy? TheBrains weigh in This is a debate question an elderly couple told me they loved to argue whenever they didn't have anything else to talk about. He said it was his friend - she claimed it was her enemy. When she told me this I thought .... <BR> <BR> Of Course it's your friend. How would we get anything done if we didn't have time to regulate things? <BR> <em>43</em> Of Course! <BR> Time is like money - it's how we achieve our desires, once we've prioritized them. Want a new dress? Earn the money for it, o... Tue, 26 Sep 2017 09:42:13 EST Today is my BUHTHday That's how Paul McCartney says it in this youtube clip and I just love it. <BR> <BR> <link> </link> <BR> <BR> Hope all the birthday girls and guys out there are "gonna have a good time" Thu, 21 Sep 2017 07:12:20 EST An Unexpected Retirement Benefit? I knew I'd catch up with my sleep when I retired and I suspected I'd have more time for exercise. I am and I have and I'm loving it. But yesterday, while trekking through my Enchanted Forest <img src=""> <BR> I had a bit of an epiphany. <BR> <BR> I wasn't thinking about what I was going to eat later in the day. <BR> <BR> This obsession with what I'd eat next has bothered me for a long time. It's a mind rut I'd f... Mon, 11 Sep 2017 08:22:13 EST What's Your Why? The Maintenance Edition There are lots of reasons for losing weight - health, appearance, mobility, pain control ... even social pressure or a job requirement. You know why you want to do this so you look for HOWS and choose WHENS and decide on WHATS. It will be lots of work but you knew that coming in. Fortunately, so much help is out there you are sure to be able to tailor your weight loss program to fit perfectly. You learn new things. You find new passions. You change your diet, your routine, and your wardrobe.... Sun, 10 Sep 2017 09:20:21 EST Pre-holiday Body Motivation So. <BR> It's September <BR> Ooooo - Birthday Month! <BR> And it's the first September when I have had total control over my schedule. Not even a child to look after. Just me me me me me. Ha. well. that's not true at all, but it's the first September in a long time when I didn't have many constraints on my time. <BR> <BR> And Birthday Month plus weather change plus knowing that Christmas is up ahead,(Yay!!!) with the opportunity to Dress Up, gets me to thinking about what sort of holiday bod... Wed, 6 Sep 2017 09:39:10 EST My Mad Dash To The Finish Line It came. <BR> <BR> That last day of werk. <BR> <BR> Last hour of that last day of werk. <BR> <BR> Last minute of that last hour of that last day of werk. <BR> <BR> And in true ENFP style - I wasn't finished yet. I'd spent too much time chatting and talking and flirting to get it all done. <BR> <BR> Not, mind you, all the work that could have been done to make everything perfect perfect perfect. Just the sorta-finished last work that had to be done to make me feel that I had fulfilled ... Sat, 2 Sep 2017 07:05:06 EST The Last Week of Werk And so it begins. The last 5 days of my working life lie before me - each day with its old familiar routines - its open possibilities - its choices. <BR> <BR> Mostly I am ready for this change. Almost completely. This doesn't mean I have everything in order. I've left all sorts of things undone and I'm not sure if I don't care because ... I just can't care any more or if I don't care because I think the new director will have fun discovering things I forgot to tell her. But I have done as ... Sun, 27 Aug 2017 08:24:15 EST Hams Ford, Virginia Years ago, I'm guessing maybe 1990, Himself and I drove home from the Blue Ridge foothills through winding back roads. He is a cartographer, a land surveyor and geography buff. As we neared the Spottsylvania/Caroline County line he said "Would you like to drive across the last ford in the Virginia highway department's system? <BR> <BR> Well - who wouldn't? <BR> <BR> It was high summer and we'd had some heavy thunderstorm activity the previous day. All the streams and creeks were high. We'... Sun, 20 Aug 2017 07:47:44 EST Cogitating on Ruminating (sung to the tune of Calculatus Eliminatus from the movie Cat in the Hat <BR> <link> </link> ) <BR> <BR> <BR> Cogitating on Ruminating <BR> Is it right or is it wrong? <BR> Is it helpful is it harmful? <BR> Figure it out-in-the words-of-a song <BR> Ruminating on Cogitations <BR> Keeps you locked in a mental cage <BR> The way to find your happiness is <BR> To let go of buried rage <BR> <BR> I love even the concept of self improvement, not only beca... Sun, 6 Aug 2017 09:00:52 EST Hunger Games And in this instance something of a hide'n'seek game because I never did get hungry. A slight peckishness tickled my tummy around 6 o'clock but real hunger, in this case, just wasn't going to show up yesterday. Of course, the day after a rather large restaurant meal might not be a day to feel hunger, but in that case, it was also probably a day when I didn't need much food anyway. Still - there were some insights I drew from the experiment. <BR> <BR> I am so clock driven. As noon drew near ... Fri, 4 Aug 2017 06:30:51 EST Harping On and On At least - I have one final thing to say about nutrition bars. <BR> <BR> <em>43</em> (psst. Two. Two things) <BR> <BR> Oh. Right. Two final things. First thing - this blogging is all about memememe and how to figure out what works for memememe. I have absolutely no opinion about how other people like, hate, feel, use, don't use, nutrition bars. It is so completely none of my business - which doesn't mean I am not interested in what other people do. It just means I am not judging anybody... Thu, 3 Aug 2017 07:57:16 EST We Do Grow Up When I was a little girl I loved to create imaginary worlds I could slip into when the real world was either scary or boring. It was a favorite thing to do before I went to sleep - create my perfect magic world - and the one I visited the most, to tweak, to explore, to create, was the Magic Candy World. <BR> <BR> The Magic Candy World was made of hardened sugar like those panoramic Easter eggs made of white sugar hardened, hollow inside with a little cardboard scene held in place by royal fr... Wed, 2 Aug 2017 08:01:12 EST