When : Always November 8th
Dunce Day celebrates the the term "Dunce" and dunce caps. Today marks the death (November 8, 1308) of medieval scholar Duns Scotus of Duns, Scotland.
Dunce Day is all about learning. So, lets get right to it and learn about dunce caps and the creator of dunce caps.
Duns Scotus of Duns, Scotland was a medieval scholar. Perceptions of his views ranged from brilliant to less than complimentary. Duns Scotus believed that cone shaped hats increased learning potential. He believed knowledge would flow from the point of the cap, down and into the head of the wearer, making that person smarter. About all this accomplished over time, was the perception of a person wearing a dunce cap to be...... a dunce. There was a positive side to his use of dunce caps. It motivated the wearer to learn more, so he could be rid of the the cap. Scholar critics of his work derived the term "dunce" from his name and place of birth.
Put on a Dunce Cap today, and have a very smart and educational Dunce Day!!!
Origin of Dunce Day:
While we know about the origin of the term dunce and the dunce cap, we do not know when this special day was first celebrated.
This Day in History November 8th
Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people. (1520)
The Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford is opened to the public. (1602)
Robert Catesby, ringleader of the Gunpowder Plotters, is killed. (1605)
Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, which later becomes Mount Holyoke College. (1937)
American Civil War: The "Trent Affair" – The USS San Jacinto stops the British mail ship Trent and arrests two Confederate envoys, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the UK and US. (1861)
The New Orleans general strike begins, uniting black and white American trade unionists in a successful four-day general strike action for the first time. (1892)
While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Röntgen discovers the X-ray. (1895)
The Wilmington Insurrection of 1898, the only instance of an attempted coup d'etat in American history. (1898)
Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek. (1901)
Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government. (1923)
Great Depression: New Deal – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million unemployed. (1933)
The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich. (1937)
In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes the assassination attempt of Georg Elser while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch. (1939)
World War II: Operation Torch – United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa. (1942)
World War II: French resistance coup in Algiers, in which 400 civilian French patriots neutralize Vichyist XIXth Army Corps after 15 hours of fighting, and arrest several Vichyst generals, allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers. (1942)
Korean War: United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown, while piloting an F-80 Shooting Star, shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dogfight in history. (1950)
Operation Grapple X, Round C1: the United Kingdom conducts its first successful hydrogen bomb test over Kiritimati in the Pacific. (1957)
John F. Kennedy defeats Richard Nixon in one of the closest presidential elections of the twentieth century to become the 35th president of the United States. (1960)
The 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Operation Hump during the Vietnam War, while the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment fight one of the first set-piece engagements of the war between Australian forces and the Vietcong at the Battle of Gang Toi. (1965)
Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African American elected to the United States Senate since Reconstruction. (1966)
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law an antitrust exemption allowing the National Football League to merge with the upstart American Football League. (1966)
The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay 2.9 million USD. (1973)
Remembrance Day Bombing: A Provisional IRA bomb explodes in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland during a ceremony honouring those who had died in wars involving British forces. Twelve people are killed and sixty-three wounded. (1987)
Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences". (2002)
War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah. (2004)
The potentially hazardous asteroid 2005 YU55 passed 0.85 lunar distances from Earth (about 324,600 kilometres or 201,700 miles), the closest known approach by an asteroid of its brightness since 2010 XC15 in 1976. (2011)