Guy Fawkes Day = Gunpowder Day
When : Always November 5th
Guy Fawkes Day and Gunpowder Day are one and the same. It commemorates the infamous Gunpowder Conspiracy of 1605 in England. It was led by, you guessed it, Guy Fawkes.
The Roots of Gunpowder Day or Guy Fawkes Day
In 1603, King James I took the throne in England. An avid Protestant, he began persecuting Catholics in the country. He forbid Catholics from practicing their religion ,and punished Catholics who did not convert to the Protestant church.
The Gunpowder Conspirators were a group of Catholics who sought to take action against the king. They plotted to blow up the British Houses of Parliament. They planned to do so, when the king and his supporters were in the buildings. Their plot was uncovered on November 5, 1605. Thirty six barrels of gunpowder were found in the basement of Parliament. Guy Fawkes, the leader of the conspiracy, was arrested and tortured until he confessed. He was arrested just as he was about to ignite the gunpowder.
How do people in England celebrate Gunpowder Day? They do so, with fireworks and bonfires.
Thought for the Day: Are we celebrating Guy Fawkes and his co-conspirators, for attempting to eliminate religious persecution? Or, are we celebrating the government's successful discovery of the plot, saving many lives? ...You make the call.
Origin of Guy Fawkes Day:
We know the origin of the cause for this special day. We do not know when this special day began to be celebrated. It likely began in the 1600s.
Note: This special day lends proof the the theory that notoriety results in recognition.
Guy Fawkes & the Gunpowder Plot
Remember Remember the Fifth of November Nursery Rhyme
This Day in History November 5th
Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is arrested. (1605)
Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the purpose of which is to adjust the boundary line between Indian lands and white settlements set forth in the Proclamation of 1763 in the Thirteen Colonies. (1768)
French-American forces under Colonel LaBalme are defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle. (1780)
Nat Turner, American slave leader, is tried, convicted, and sentenced to death in Virginia. (1831)
American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln removes George B. McClellan as commander of the Union Army for the second and final time. (1862)
American Indian Wars: In Minnesota, 303 Dakota warriors are found guilty of rape and murder of whites and are sentenced to hang. 38 are ultimately executed and the others reprieved. (1862)
Women's suffrage in the United States: In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes for the first time, and is later fined $100. (1872)
George B. Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile. (1895)
Woodrow Wilson is elected to the presidency of the United States. (1912)
The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between the Industrial Workers of the World organizers and local police. (1916)
Secret agent Sidney Reilly, the first "super-spy" of the 20th century, is executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union. (1925)
Adolf Hitler holds a secret meeting and states his plans for acquiring "living space" for the German people. (1937)
Korean War: British and Australian forces from the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade successfully halted the advancing Chinese 117th Division during the Battle of Pakchon. (1950)
The Hither Green rail crash in the United Kingdom kills 49 people. Survivors include Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees. (1967)
Vietnam War: The United States Military Assistance Command in Vietnam reports the lowest weekly American soldier death toll in five years (24). (1970)
Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for the role in the massacre of the 148 Shi'a Muslims in 1982. (2006)
US Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan murders 13 and wounds 29 at Fort Hood, Texas in the deadliest mass shooting at a US military installation. (2009)