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Navy Birthday

Sunday, October 13, 2013

Navy Birthday

When: Always October 13th

The United States Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which the Continental Congress established on 13 October 1775, by authorizing the procurement, fitting out, manning, and dispatch of two armed vessels to cruise in search of munitions ships supplying the British Army in America. The legislation also established a Naval Committee to supervise the work. All together, the Continental Navy numbered some fifty ships over the course of the war, with approximately twenty warships active at its maximum strength.

Not to be confused with the Navy Birthday or the founding of the Navy Department is Navy Day. The Navy League sponsored the first national observance of Navy Day in 1922 designed to give recognition to the naval service. The Navy League of New York proposed that the official observance be on 27 October in honor of President Theodore Roosevelt, who had been born on that day.

Origin of Navy Birthday:
In 1972 Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt authorized recognition of 13 October as the Navys birthday. In contrast to Navy Day, the Navy Birthday is intended as an internal activity for members of the active forces and reserves, as well as retirees, and dependents. Since 1972 each CNO has encouraged a Navy-wide celebration of this occasion "to enhance a greater appreciation of our Navy heritage, and to provide a positive influence toward pride and professionalism in the naval service."

More Information:

Navy Birthday Web Exhibit

This Day in History October 13th

The Whirlpool Galaxy is discovered by Charles Messier. (1773)

The United States Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the United States Navy). (1775)

In Washington, D.C., the cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the White House since 1818) is laid. (1792)

War of 1812: Battle of Queenston Heights – As part of the Niagara campaign in Ontario, Canada, United States forces under General Stephen Van Rensselaer are repulsed from invading Canada by British and native troops led by Sir Isaac Brock. (1812)

In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B'nai B'rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world). (1843)

A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution that, if accepted by the U.S. Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state. (1845)

First known conversation in modern Hebrew by Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends. (1881)

Greenwich, in London, England, is established as Universal Time meridian of longitude. (1884)

The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, United States. (1885)

Edward Emerson Barnard discovers D/1892 T1, the first comet discovered by photographic means, on the night of October 13–14. (1892)

Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, becomes the first Governor-General of Canada of royal descent. (1911)

In Major League Baseball's World Series, the Boston Braves defeat the Philadelphia Athletics, 4 games to 0, at Fenway Park in Boston, completing the first World Series sweep in history. (1914)

Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey. (1923)

World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany. (1943)

Paddington Bear, a classic character from English children's literature, makes his debut. (1958)

The first game in the history of the American Basketball Association is played as the Anaheim Amigos lose to the Oakland Oaks 134-129 in Oakland, California. (1967)

Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes mountains, near the border between Argentina and Chile. By December 23, 1972, only 16 out of 45 people lived long enough to be rescued. (1972)

The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle is obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, who was then working at the C.D.C. (1976)

Ameritech Mobile Communications (now AT&T Inc.) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois. (1983)

The 2010 Copiapó mining accident in Copiapó, Chile comes to an end as all 33 miners arrive at the surface after surviving a record 69 days underground awaiting rescue. (2010)
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