Checkers Day and Dogs in Politics Day
When : Always September 23rd
Get out the Checker Board. Today is Checkers Day. So, do you want the red checkers? Or, the black ones?
It may surprise you to know that it is also Dogs in Politics Day. Read on, and we will explain the connection.
Origin of Checkers Day:
In 1952, Richard M. Nixon was a candidate for Vice-President of the United States, running with Dwight D. Eisenhower. Media speculation centered around an $18,000 campaign contribution, and speculation that Nixon may have used some for his personal use. In a brilliant political maneuver, Nixon took his case to the American people.
On September 23, 1952, Richard Nixon gave a speech that directly addressed and explained the issue. He assured the public that he did not use any of the funds for personal use. Towards the end of the speech, he stated that his daughters had received a dog, which they named "Checkers", as a gift. He said they would keep the dog.
This speech quickly became known as the "Checkers" speech, and went on to be one of the better speeches in American political history.
With "Checkers" the dog included in the speech, this day was sometimes referred to as Dogs in Politics Day.
This Day in History September 23rd
The Battle of Arnemuiden was the first naval battle of the Hundred Years' War and the first naval battle using artillery, as the English ship Christofer had three cannon and one hand gun. (1338)
The Merchant Royal, carrying a treasure worth over a billion US dollars, is lost at sea off Land's End. (1641)
First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College. (1642)
American Revolution: John Paul Jones on board the USS Bonhomme Richard wins the Battle of Flamborough Head. (1779)
American Revolution: British Major John André is arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold's change of sides. (1780)
Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States. (1806)
The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York. (1845)
Astronomers Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier, John Couch Adams and Johann Gottfried Galle collaborate on the discovery of Neptune. (1846)
Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) is founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda. (1889)
University of Alberta in Alberta, Canada, is founded. (1908)
The Phantom of the Opera (original title: Le Fantôme de l'Opéra), a novel by French writer Gaston Leroux, is first published as a serialization in Le Gaulois. (1909)
Roland Garros of France becomes the first to fly in an airplane across the Mediterranean(from St. Raphael France to Bizerte, Tunisia). (1913)
The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd is renamed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. (1932)
World War II: The first gas chamber experiments are conducted at Auschwitz. (1941)
World War II: The Matanikau action on Guadalcanal begins U.S. Marines attack Japanese units along the Matanikau River. (1942)
World War II: The Nazi puppet state the Italian Social Republic is founded. (1943)
Korean War: The Battle of Hill 282 the first US friendly-fire incident on British Military personnel since World War II occurred. (1950)
Richard Nixon makes his "Checkers speech". (1952)
Iowa farmer and corn breeder Roswell Garst hosts Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev. (1959)
The Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts opens in New York City. (1962)
The Chicago Eight trial opens in Chicago. (1969)
Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa becomes the first African boxing world heavyweight champion. (1983)
Gulf Air Flight 771 is bombed, killing all 117 people on board. (1983)
Jim Deshaies of the Houston Astros sets the major-league record by striking out the first eight batters of the game against the Los Angeles Dodgers. (1986)
José Canseco of the Oakland Athletics becomes the first member of the 40–40 club. (1998)
Celebrate Bisexuality Day was first observed in the United States. (1999)
The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox ("Phoenix 0.1") is released. (2002)
Hurricane Jeanne: At least 1,070 in Haiti are reported to have been killed by floods. (2004)