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Vesuvius Day

Saturday, August 24, 2013

Vesuvius Day

When : August 24th

Vesuvius Day marks the date in 79 A.D. that Mount Vesuvius exploded.

August 24, 79 A.D. was an historic date for the world. This was the day that Mount Vesuvius erupted in a huge explosion. It was one of the largest volcanic explosions in recorded history.

This deadly volcano destroyed the Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae. They were buried by volcanic ash and pumice. An estimated 3,360 people died in the volcano's eruption.

Mount Vesuvius also exploded a second time in 1631. At that time, it killed approximately 3,500 people.

This Day in History August 24th

Mount Vesuvius erupts. The cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae are buried in volcanic ash (note: this traditional date has been challenged, and many scholars believe that the event occurred on October 24). (79)

Sack of Thessalonica by the Normans. (1185)

King John of England, signer of the first Magna Carta, marries Isabella of Angouleme in Bordeaux Cathedral. (1200)

Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid. (1215)

Six thousand Jews are killed in Mainz after being blamed for the bubonic plague. (1349)

Jews are massacred in Palma de Mallorca. (1391)

The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed. (1456)

The Act of Uniformity requires England to accept the Book of Common Prayer. (1662)

William Penn receives the area that is now the state of Delaware, and adds it to his colony of Pennsylvania. (1682)

Job Charnock of the East India Company establishes a factory in Calcutta, an event formerly considered the founding of the city (in 2003 the Calcutta High Court ruled that the city has no birthday). (1690)

British troops invade Washington, D.C. and during the Burning of Washington the White House is set ablaze, though not burned to the ground; as well as several other buildings. (1814)

The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri. (1816)

The Treaty of Córdoba is signed in Córdoba, now in Veracruz, Mexico, concluding the Mexican War of Independence from Spain. (1821)

The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in United States history. (1857)

The Waffle Iron is patented by Cornelius Swarthout of Troy, New York. (1869)

Captain Matthew Webb became first person to swim the English Channel (1875)

Thomas Edison patents the motion picture camera. (1891)

Workers start pouring concrete for the Panama Canal. (1909)

Alaska becomes a United States territory. (1912)

Second day of two-day Hebron massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attacks on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, result in the death of 65-68 Jews and the remaining Jews being forced to leave the city. (1929)

France and the Soviet Union sign a neutrality/no attack treaty. (1931)

Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the United States non-stop (from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey). (1932)

The Crescent Limited train derails in Washington, D.C., after the bridge it is crossing is washed out by the 1933 Chesapeake–Potomac hurricane. (1933)

Adolf Hitler orders the cessation of Nazi Germany's systematic T4 euthanasia program of the mentally ill and the handicapped due to protests, although killings continue for the remainder of the war. (1941)

World War II: The Battle of the Eastern Solomons. Japanese aircraft carrier Ryūjō is sunk and US carrier USS Enterprise heavily damaged. (1942)

The treaty creating NATO goes into effect. (1949)

Edith Sampson becomes the first black U.S. delegate to the United Nations. (1950)

The Communist Control Act goes into effect. The American Communist Party is outlawed. (1954)

Buddhist crisis: As a result of the Xa Loi Pagoda raids, the US State Department cables the US Embassy in Saigon to encourage Army of the Republic of Vietnam generals to launch a coup against President Ngo Dinh Diem if he did not remove his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu. (1963)

Led by Abbie Hoffman, the Youth International Party temporarily disrupts trading at the NYSE by throwing dollar bills from the viewing gallery, causing trading to cease as brokers scramble to grab them. (1967)

Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison for murdering John Lennon. (1981)

Colombian drug barons declare "total war" on the Colombian government. (1989)

Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose is banned from baseball for gambling by Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti. (1989)

Hurricane Andrew makes landfall just south of Miami as a Category 5 hurricane. (1992)

Initial accord between Israel and the PLO about partial self-rule of the Palestinians on the West Bank. (1994)

First radio-frequency identification (RFID) human implantation tested in the United Kingdom. (1998)

Eighty-nine passengers die after two airliners explode after flying out of Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow. The explosions are caused by suicide bombers (reportedly female) from the Russian Republic of Chechnya. (2004)

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines the term "planet" such that Pluto is now considered a dwarf planet. (2006)

In San Fernando, Tamaulipas, Mexico, 72 illegal immigrants are killed by Los Zetas and eventually found dead by Mexican authorities. (2010)
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