Independence Day, the 4th of July
When: July 4th.
The fourth of July is the birthday of our nation. Today, we celebrate and enjoy the freedom that comes with the event that made this day so special.
Thomas Jefferson, is the author of the Declaration of Independence. He led a committee that crafted the declaration between June 11-28, 1776. Jefferson and other discontented representatives from the thirteen colonies, voted and approved it on July 4, 1776. The document declared freedom for the 13 colonies from British rule. It currently resides in the Exhibition Hall of the National Archive in Washington, D.C.
Did you know? The Declaration of Independence was not signed by all representatives until August, 1776. To make it official, John Hancock, President of the Continental Congress signed it. Now, can anyone guess where the saying "put your John Hancock on it" came from!?!
Today, we enjoy the benefits of the freedom which the framers signed and ultimately fought for. For us, it is a time for baseball, hot dogs and family picnics. Summer is in full swing and life is good.
Fourth of July is not complete without parades and fireworks. Fireworks are enjoyed by almost everyone. You should have your choice of several locations in your area on the Fourth, or even the day before. Many cottage owners on lakes will set out flares along the shore creating a "Ring of Fire". Add to this an abundance of fireworks, and you have quite a display.
Happy Birthday, America!!!!!
Fourth of July, History of U.S.
The Story of America's Independence
Sheryl's Independence Day on the Net Lots of quality links
Happy Birthday America
Fireworks Safety If you are going to use, them, play it safe.
The Declaration of Independence of the 13 Colonies The Declaration in it's entirety.
The Liberty Bell
This Day in History July 4
A supernova is seen by Chinese, Arab, and possibly Amerindian observers near the star Zeta Tauri. For several months it remains bright enough to be seen during the day. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula. (1054)
The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France (Quebec, Canada) (1634)
City of Providence, Rhode Island forms. (1636)
The Treaty of Lancaster, in which the Iroquois ceded lands between the Allegheny Mountains and the Ohio River to the British colonies, is signed in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. (1744)
French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers. (1754)
Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts (1774)
American Revolution: The United States Declaration of Independence is adopted by the Second Continental Congress. (1776)
American Revolutionary War: American forces under George Clark capture Kaskaskia during the Illinois campaign. (1778)
At West Point, New York the United States Military Academy opens. (1802)
The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people. (1803)
At Rome, New York, United States, construction on the Erie Canal begins. (1817)
Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, dies the same day as John Adams, second president of the United States, on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the United States Declaration of Independence. (1826)
Slavery is abolished in New York State. (1827)
Samuel Francis Smith wrote My Country, 'Tis of Thee for the Boston, MA July 4th festivities. (1831)
The Iowa Territory is organized. (1838)
In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, titled Leaves of Grass, is published. (1855)
Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels. (1862)
American Civil War: Siege of Vicksburg – Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant after 47 days of siege. 150 miles up the Mississippi River, a Confederate Army is repulsed at the Battle of Helena, Arkansas. (1863)
American Civil War: The Army of Northern Virginia withdraws from the battlefield after its loss at the Battle of Gettysburg, signalling an end to the Southern invasion of the North. (1863)
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is published. (1865)
In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens. (1881)
The people of France offer the Statue of Liberty to the people of the United States (1886)
Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4. (1892)
The short-lived Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed by Sanford B. Dole. (1894)
Dorothy Levitt is reported as the first woman in the world to compete in a 'motor race'. (1903)
African-American boxer Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match sparking race riots across the United States. (1910)
Massive heat wave strikes the northeastern United States, killing 380 people in an eleven-day period and breaking temperature records in several cities. (1911)
President Woodrow Wilson addresses American Civil War veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913. (1913)
First flight of the Lockheed Vega. (1927)
Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb. (1934)
Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, tells a crowd at Yankee Stadium that he considers himself "The luckiest man on the face of the earth" as he announces his retirement from major league baseball. (1939)
Nazi troops massacre Polish scientists and writers in the captured Ukrainian city of Lviv. (1941)
World War II: Beginning of the Battle of Kursk, the largest full-scale battle in history and the world's largest tank battle at Prokhorovka village. (1943)
The first broadcast by Radio Free Europe. (1950)
Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania almost ten and a half months later. (1960)
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act goes into effect the next year. (1966)
After being displayed or over a century, the torch on the Statue of Liberty is removed so it ca be replaced. (1984)
NASA's Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars. (1997)
Japan launches the Nozomi probe to Mars, and thus joins the United States and Russia as a space exploring nation. (1998)
The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. (2004)
The Statue of Liberty's crown reopens to the public after eight years of closure due to security concerns following the September 11 attacks. (2009)