Cinco de Mayo Day
When : May 5th
On May 5, 1862, the Mexican army defeated the French army at the Battle of Puebla. This single military battle signified defeat of a European colonial power and a victory for the Mexican people. This single battle was the roots of Cinco de Mayo.
Note: Cinco de Mayo is not the celebration of Mexican Independence which is celebrated on September 16th.
What Cinco de Mayo has come to be is much more than one battle in the colonial history of Mexico. Rather, it has come to signify Hispanic and Mexican pride and a time to celebrate the rich culture.
Today, this holiday is celebrated by Mexicans, and especially the Hispanic community in the U.S. It is a time of song, dance, partying, and in general a time to be proud to be of Hispanic descent.
The Significance of Cinco de Mayo
This Day in History May 5
Rebel barons renounce their allegiance to King John of England — part of a chain of events leading to the signing of the Magna Carta. (1215)
Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Jamaica and claims it for Spain. (1494)
Mary Kies becomes the first woman awarded a U.S. patent, for a technique of weaving straw with silk and thread. (1809)
Cinco de Mayo: troops led by Ignacio Zaragoza halt a French invasion in the Battle of Puebla in Mexico. (1862)
American Civil War: The Battle of the Wilderness begins in Spotsylvania County, Virginia. (1864)
In North Bend, Ohio (a suburb of Cincinnati), the first train robbery in the United States takes place. (1865)
Memorial Day first celebrated in United States at Waterloo, New York. (1866)
American Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles. (1877)
The Bay View Tragedy: A militia fires into a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, killing seven. (1886)
The Music Hall in New York City (later known as Carnegie Hall) has its grand opening and first public performance, with Tchaikovsky as the guest conductor. (1891)
The New York Stock Exchange crashes, causing the "Great Panic of 1893". (1893)
Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, Cy Young of the Boston Americans throws the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball. (1904)
The trial in the Stratton Brothers case begins in London, England; it marks the first time that fingerprint evidence is used to gain a conviction for murder. (1905)
The first Three Stooges short, Woman Haters, is released. (1934)
The Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 3 – Alan Shepard becomes the first American to travel into outer space, on a sub-orbital flight. (1961)
Secretariat (horse) wins the 1973 Kentucky Derby in 1:59 2/5, a still standing record. (1973)
Iran-Contra affair: start of Congressional televised hearings in the United States of America (1987)