World Press Freedom Day
When: Always on May 3rd
World Press Freedom Day recognizes the value of freedom of expression, and the sacrifices journalist have made to attain this freedom. It was created, and is sponsored, by the United Nations. While we enjoy this freedom in the United States, freedom of the press, and freedom of expression, is not a given right in many countries.
Each year, UNESCO awards the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize to someone who has made a major contribution towards journalistic freedom.
World Press Freedom Day activities include UN sponsored conferences and seminars on this issue. Teachers are encouraged to create lesson plans. As individuals, we can learn more about the issues. And, we can support efforts to further freedom of the press.
Origin of World Press Freedom Day:
In 1993, the UN General Assembly proclaimed May 3rd each year to be World Press Freedom Day.
This Day in History May 3
Christopher Columbus discovers "St Iago". It is later renamed Jamaica. (1494)
Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city. (1802)
The Canterbury and Whitstable Railway is opened. It is the first steam hauled passenger railway to issue season tickets and include a tunnel. (1803)
The Hudson's Bay Company gives up all claims to Vancouver Island. (1867)
Labatt Park, the oldest continually operating baseball grounds in the world has its first game. (1877)
The poem In Flanders Fields is written by Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae. (1915)
West Virginia becomes the first state to legislate a broad sales tax, but does not implement it until a number of years later due to issues surrounding its enforcement. (1921)
Joe DiMaggio, familiarly referred to as Joltin' Joe and The Yankee Clipper makes his major league debut for the New York Yankees. (1936)
Gone with the Wind, a novel by Margaret Mitchell, wins the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. (1937)
The U.S. Supreme Court rules, in Shelley v. Kraemer, that covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to blacks and other minorities are legally unenforceable. (1948)
The United States Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees begin their closed door hearings into the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur by U.S. President Harry Truman. (1951)
The Kentucky Derby is televised nationally for the first time on the CBS network. (1952)
Walter O'Malley, the owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers, agrees to move the team from Brooklyn, New York, to Los Angeles, California. (1957)
The Off-Broadway musical comedy, The Fantasticks, opens in New York City's Greenwich Village, eventually becoming the longest-running musical of all time. (1960)
The police force in Birmingham, Alabama switches tactics and responds with violent force to stop the "Birmingham campaign" protesters. Images of the violent suppression are transmitted worldwide, bringing newfound attention to the African-American Civil Rights Movement. (1963)
The 108-story Sears Tower in Chicago is topped out at 1.451 feet as the world's tallest building. (1973)
The first unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail (which would later become known as "spam") is sent by a Digital Equipment Corporation marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the west coast of the United States. (1978)
The United States loses its seat on the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time since the commission was formed in 1947. (2001)