Tuesday, April 09, 2013
When : Always April 9th
Winston Churchill Day celebrates the day he was made an honorary US citizen. On this day in 1963, Winston Churchill became the very first person to become an honorary citizen. He was given this honor posthumously. There have only been 6 people (two are a married couple who received it jointly) to be accorded this stature.
What does it take to become an honorary US citizen? You have to have made extraordinary accomplishments or contributions in your life. And, then a law must be drafted and voted upon by the U.S. Senate.
Celebrate today by reading and learning about Winston Churchill, Brittain's Prime Minister during World War II.
This Day in History April 9
Henry V is crowned King of England. (1413)
The expedition organised by Sir Walter Raleigh departs England for Roanoke Island (now in North Carolina) to establish the Roanoke Colony. (1585)
Robert Cavelier de La Salle discovers the mouth of the Mississippi River, claims it for France and names it Louisiana. (1682)
American War of Independence: Battle of the Saintes begins. (1782)
On his phonautograph machine, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville makes the oldest known recording of an audible human voice. (1860)
Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, effectively ending the war. (1865)
Passing by a single vote, the United States Senate ratifies a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska. (1867)
One of the world's first naval/air skirmishes takes place off the coast of western Mexico. (1914)
The Battle of Bataan/Bataan Death March – United States forces surrender on the Bataan Peninsula. The Japanese Navy launches an air raid on Trincomalee in Ceylon (Sri Lanka); Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Hermes and Royal Australian Navy Destroyer HMAS Vampire are sunk off the island's east coast. (1942)
The United States Atomic Energy Commission is formed. (1945)
The Journey of Reconciliation, the first interracial Freedom Ride begins through the upper South in violation of Jim Crow laws. The riders wanted enforcement of the United States Supreme Court's 1946 Irene Morgan decision that banned racial segregation in interstate travel. (1947)
NASA announces the selection of the United States' first seven astronauts, whom the news media quickly dub the "Mercury Seven". (1959)
The Pacific Electric Railway in Los Angeles, once the largest electric railway in the world, ends operations. (1961)
The U.S. Senate passes a law making Winston Churchill the first honorary U.S. citizen. (1963)
Astrodome opens. First indoor baseball game is played. (1965)
The U.S. Navy nuclear submarine USS George Washington (SSBN-598) accidentally collides with the Nissho Maru, a Japanese cargo ship, sinking it. (1981)
Baghdad falls to American forces;Saddam Hussein statue topples as Iraqis turn on symbols of their former leader, pulling down the statue and tearing it to pieces. (2003)