I hope I did not upset anyone with my last blog about the Holocaust Memorial day.
All children here in UK are taught about the Holocaust at school. Its an important part of history! But its not just about the loss of Jewish people!
Here is a bit more information for the history group, "History Lovers" and anyone else who may be interested. I have done several hours research on the subject which was very hard and made me very sad. I have not felt like that since I had to study it at college when taking my English O level course. We were looking at a particularly nasty piece about a young Jewish girl who was thrown into the oven. It was very dramatic, I was young and devastated by it. I never went back to that class as I felt it had no place in English. I can see how it would have fitted into English Literature though!
If you can get to the last link, then at least there is pleasant soothing music.
11 million, men women and children died. There were Jews, Gypsies (Roma and Sinta),
Here is a link about the Roma and others at the Holocaust Memorial Museum in USA.
There were people from other religious groups including Jehovah's Witnesses.
Also Homosexuals, alcoholics, vagrants, sick, elderly, mentally and physically disabled people and ordinary people who were against the Nazi regime. Among them were many scholars and teachers.
Here is a link about "Extermination through labour"
People who worked in the camps were sometimes exterminated in the ovens or gassed. The Nazi regime did not want witnesses!
The Holocaust began in 1933. Hitler had come to power.
The word comes from the Greek - holokaustos meaning whole+ burnt and refers to animal sacrifice.
Here is the Etymology link from Wikipedia
As well as the Concentration camps there were mobile killing units called the Einsatzgruppen
The Jews were murdered by these in trucks by use of pipes leading from the exhaust into the back of the vehicle.
See this link to read about it
The were different types of concentration camp, including: Transit camps, POW camps, and Police detention centres. Some of the worst Death camps were in Poland where millions of Jews were killed, they were Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, Chelmno and Auschwitz complex which covered several miles and housed Auschwitz 1, Birkenau (Auschwitz 2) and Majdanek.
Here is a link to a montage of photographs taken by Joao Luis and its called
The Auschwitz Experience: Museum of Holocausts
Its a very moving experience that I hope you will watch.
Ellen in UK