Friday, March 12, 2010
GFR - glomerular filtration rate is the best test to measure your level of kidney function and determine your stage of kidney disease.
Stage 1: GFR Greater than 90 milliliter/minute is CKD with normal or high GFR
Stage 2: GFR = 60-89 ml/min is mild CKD
Stage 3: GFR = 30-59 ml/min is moderate CKD
Stage 4: GFR = 15-29 ml/min is severe CKD
Stage 5: GFR less than 15 ml/min is end stage renal disease (ESRD) or kidney failure
During the first two stages of kidney disease a doctor may recommend limiting protein in the diet, controlling blood sugar and blood pressure levels, stopping smoking, exercising and practicing overall healthy habits.
In stage three of chronic kidney disease a visit to a nephrologist (doctor who specializes in kidney care) is recommended. In addition to following the advice given for people in stages one and two, the nephrologist may also refer the patient to a dietitian for additional guidance in getting proper nutrition. Some people begin to feel some of the effects of kidney function loss in stage three.
By stage four people with kidney disease usually visit their nephrologist every three months for testing. During this stage the nephrologist will explain the treatment options for kidney failure, including dialysis and transplantation.
At stage five the kidneys no longer function well enough to keep a person alive, so dialysis or a transplant must be done.
To read the entire article please visit: www.dialysispatients.org