Sunday, September 11, 2011
Probiotics are live microorganisms thought to be healthy for our body.
According to the currently adopted definition by World Health Organisation, probiotics are: "Live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host". Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria are the most common types of microbes used as probiotics; but also certain yeasts and bacilli are available.
At first, probiotics were thought to beneficially affect the host by improving its intestinal microbial balance, thus inhibiting toxin producing bacteria. Today specific health effects are being investigated and documented including alleviation of chronic intestinal inflammatory diseases, prevention and treatment of Bacteria-induced diarrhea, urogenital infections, and atopic diseases