Sunday, January 13, 2013
Research Reveals Which Learning Methods Get an 'A'
Flash cards, pre-test quizzing work best, highlighting and rereading don't make the grade
FRIDAY, Jan. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Students, get out those flash cards: A new study finds that they may be a better study option than some of the more popular methods -- such as highlighting or rereading material.
The study appears in the January issue of Psychological Science in the Public Interest.
"Schools and parents spend a great deal of money on technology and programs to improve student achievement, even though evidence often isn't available to firmly establish that they work," study author John Dunlosky, of Kent State University, explained in a journal news release. "We wanted to take a comprehensive look at promising strategies now, in order to direct teachers, students and parents to the strategies that are effective, yet underused," he explained.
Dunlosky and his colleagues found wide variations in the effectiveness of the 10 learning strategies they analyzed for the study. The two that received the highest rating were "practice testing" and "distributed practice."
Practice testing involves techniques such as using flash cards or answering the questions at the end of textbook chapters. Distributed practice involves spreading out studying over time and quizzing yourself on material before a test.
Five of the study strategies received a low rating. These included some of the most widely used methods, such as highlighting and underlining, rereading and summarization.
"I was shocked that some strategies that students use a lot -- such as rereading and highlighting -- seem to provide minimal benefits to their learning and performance. By just replacing rereading with [distributed] retrieval practice, students would benefit," Dunlosky said.
One reason why students are less likely to use the more effective learning methods has to do with teacher training.
"These strategies are largely overlooked in the educational psychology textbooks that beginning teachers read, so they don't get a good introduction to them or how to use them while teaching," Dunlosky said.
This means that teachers are less likely to pass these easy-to-use and effective study strategies on to their students.
But Dunlosky also stressed that student motivation to excel is key. He said that the learning methods cited as best by the study "will not be a panacea for improving achievement for all students, and perhaps obviously, they will benefit only students who are motivated and capable of using them. Nevertheless, when used properly, we suspect that they will produce meaningful gains in performance in the classroom, on achievement tests, and on many tasks encountered across the life span."
The American Academy of Pediatrics offers 10 tips for your child's success in school.
Wednesday, January 09, 2013
Vitamin D ~ Do we get enough?
For us here in Minnesota, the only opportunity we have to get Vet D from sunshine is between Memorial Day and Labor Day! Channel 4 did a 'Good Question' on this issue this week. Wearing a sun block during the summer months blocks 95% of sun UV exposure ! So for us a Vit D supplement is a MUST!
We have one this week, giving us temps in the mid 30F*s! It ends tomorrow and we go back in the freezer.
Not so far, actually I went up to 166 which I was ashamed to post! I'm back to 164.2 and starting week 2 of the January Jump-start Challenge!
Trip to ER?
Yes - last Saturday, ambulance ride included! About an hour after I woke up I started to get a burning rash from head to toe. Scared? You bet! Since I live alone, I was afraid to wait it out and called 911. I was beet red all over and my skin was burning! After blood tests, multiple doc exams, and having an IV starter kit installed (no IV, just the connector in my arm) I was released, minus the IV starter kit, with a diagnosis of UK allergic reaction or possibly a reaction to niacin (which I have been taking for the last 3 months), why a reaction now?
Photo of my new black cat?
Not yet, I'm going to name her Phantom! I only catch brief glances of her eating or using the litter box!
Does your grocery have a $1 section?
Unfortunately yes, including a section of dark chocolate bars and cookies! I haven't gone there in a week, until I get stronger willpower.
Having no more News, bad or good, I'll sign off.
Tuesday, June 26, 2012
Some years ago I planted a nursery pot of these because I liked the yellow color. It got maybe 3-4 blooms each year, but the foliage slowly spread a bit. I blamed the lack of blooms on the soil which is very sandy and usually dry there.
A few years ago I learned that the plant is considered invasive in wetlands. I wasn't concerned due to my dry soil. Last year I gave a shovel full of Virginia Bluebells to my next door neighbor, Elaine, along with a bit of the above Iris. I did warn her about the invasive bit. Both bloomed this spring! A successful transplant!
Last evening, I was prying up some rocks that had sunk below the dirt along a curved pathway. To my dismay, I saw a mass of reddish rhizomes along the back of the sunken rocks. It was the iris!
Today I spent four hours digging out the mass of rhizomes, helped by a jet of water from the hose to wash away the soil. They even had tunneled below a shiny mass of European Ginger and a light blue transcantia. I couldn't dissect them in place, I ended up taking the entire 12" x 18" mass of them out. At the other end of the iris, the rhizomes had tunneled under another 15" of a blooming dwarf hosta. That, too, had to be taken out entirely!
I will try to save some of the European Ginger, it is my only patch and has beautiful dark green glossy leaves. The batch under the hosta will be tossed, I have plenty of that.
Lesson learned - this Iris Pseudocorus is invasive in ALL soils, regardless of moisture or lack thereof. I will have to tell my neighbor tomorrow and dig out her small bit!
Get An Email Alert Each Time SUNNYWBL Posts