I'm a percussionist.
On a related note (see what I did there?), it has been my experience that most people get musical talent and the ability to play an instrument confused. It is entirely possible to play any instrument if you were good at ACADEMICS....
Let's start with reading music (aka DECODING), it's simply a language based on basic principles; on five lines & four spaces (and the extension of that at times) are a series of notes using the common alphabet from A to G and then repeats. acsending notes (going from lower to higher) you move forward in the alphabet, likewise when notes descend (going from higher to lower) they go reverse in the alphabet. There's also a good way to learn the names of the space and lines (no talent needed, just good academic training); from the bottom to top the lines are E-G-B-D-F or Every Good Boy Does Fine and the spaces from bottom to top are F-A-C-E or face (as in facebook). This is for the treble clef (or "G" clef) a common clef for most music (for piano you'll need to learn the bass clef or "F" clef and its easy, too).
The above requires ZERO talent, only a good strong academic understanding.
TALENT, on the other hand doesn't necessarily mean that one is good at reading music but definitely accels in music regardless of being able to read music or not. If you are someone who can hear a song and pluck it out on a guitar or piano (having no idea how to read music) then you might have musical talent.
On the subject of just WHO has musical talent it goes like this; please be ready to have an open mind this information blows away most people to the point where it seems to strange to be true.......ready?
Due to a natural curve of distribution there are an equal amount of folks with mathematical talent, language talent, athletic talent, musical talent, academic talent, etc.....and some folks are talented in more than just one way, they be both academically & athletically talented or Athletically and musically talented or....you get the idea.
No way in hell you say, right? except it's true. What the problem in understanding this concept is that AMERICANS have been brainwashed into thinking only reading and math are important (and athletics) and isregard the other academics and/or talents.
Why? Because we're under the impression that $$$$$$$$$ is the only thing that matters.
Your son or daughter is extremely musically talented but they also have strong academic talent in math. They want to major in music and you are like HELL NO they'll major in business because you can make more money in that field.
If that's not true for you its certainly true for lots of others.
For me; I am musically talented, my strength in music has always been rhythmic. I can sing in key and in tune but the quality of my voice sucks and that's because I never trained to sing (too late now, that needs to be doneat or just before puberty because if NOT then it'll never properly develop). But rhythmically I have always excelled that way so percussion was a natural congruent choice for me (though I have ALWAYS liked the trombone better).
.....or I'm full of it.